Gun Deaths By Country 2020

Gun-related deaths are not uncommon. In 2016 alone, more than 250,000 people died as a result of firearms worldwide. About 64% of gun deaths were the results of homicide, about 27% of suicide, and 9% for accidental injuries caused by firearms.

Nearly nine out of 10 people who were killed by gun violence were men and the highest number of deaths were people between 20 and 24 years old.

Out of the 250,000 gun-related deaths in 2016, 50.5% occurred in six countries: Brazil, the United States, Mexico, Venezuela, Colombia, and Guatemala.

Evidently, gun violence in Latin America is particularly high. The Inter-American Development Bank released a report highlighting four key factors in Latin American cities that contribute to high gun violence: economic deprivation, residential instability, family disruption, absence from school, the population’s age structure, and alcohol consumption. These factors can be applied to other regions around the world that experience significant gun violence.

Brazil has the highest number of gun deaths in the world with a total of 43,200 out of the 250,000 worldwide – a gun death rate of 21.9 per 100,000 Brazilian citizens. The United States has the second-highest number of gun deaths with 37,200.

In the United States, mass shootings receive the most attention by the media and therefore, many attribute the high gun deaths to mass shootings. Mass shootings, however, are only responsible for a small number of overall gun violence deaths in the United States. More than two-thirds of gun deaths in the US are suicides.

Gun violence is not as large of an issue in every country around the world. Gun deaths are extremely low in countries like Japan, the United Kingdom, Norway, and Australia. These countries have implemented incentives or passed legislation to decrease the number of firearms in citizens’ possessions. For example, Australia implemented a buy-back program for firearms, allowing the government to buy and destroy over 600,000 firearms.

Japan has the fewest gun deaths per year in the world. Japan has some of the strictest gun laws in the world and experiences 100 or fewer gun deaths per year in a population of over 127 million and a gun death rate of .06 deaths per 100,000 people. In order for Japanese citizens to purchase a gun, they must attend an all-day class, pass a written exam, and complete a shooting range test scoring at least 95% accuracy. Candidates will also receive a mental health evaluation, performed at a hospital, and will have a comprehensive background check done by the government. Only shotguns and rifles can be purchased. The class and exam must be taken again every three years.

Below is each country’s gun death rate per 100,000 people, broken down into homicides and suicides.

Flag Country Firearm-related death rate per 100,000 population per year Homicide rate per year Suicide rate per year Total death number per year Population 2020
Honduras6066.640.415,8469,904,607
Venezuela49.2226.480.1414,03628,435,940
El Salvador45.626.490.132,9426,486,205
Guatemala34.129.620.345,99317,915,568
Jamaica30.7230.380.349052,961,167
Brazil21.920.70.546,215212,559,417
Colombia18.6517.740.599,38750,882,891
Panama15.1114.360.576414,314,767
United States12.214.467.3240,175331,002,651
Uruguay11.524.784.683993,473,730
Montenegro8.912.426.4956628,066
Philippines8.98.99,620109,581,078
South Africa8.38.20.14,85959,308,690
Paraguay7.765.781.165467,132,538
Mexico7.646.340.449,745128,932,753
Argentina6.933.071.23,10245,195,774
Barbados6.63.1219287,375
Costa Rica6.35.631.13185,094,118
Peru5.534.220.071,79732,971,854
Nicaragua4.683.720.343066,624,554
Serbia3.490.612.493068,737,371
Finland3.250.322.941805,540,720
Switzerland3.010.152.742588,654,622
Austria2.90.122.692599,006,398
France2.830.212.161,84365,273,511
Estonia2.670.152.11351,326,535
Slovenia2.640.22.34552,078,938
Chile2.41.020.745519,116,201
Croatia2.350.242.17974,105,267
Israel2.091.040.671788,655,535
Canada2.050.611.5276737,742,154
Czech Republic2.010.151.6621510,708,981
Georgia1.980.490.09793,989,167
Turkey1.951.030.811,62684,339,067
Cyprus1.871.050.58221,207,359
Slovakia1.830.260.94995,459,642
Norway1.750.11.63945,421,241
Greece1.520.530.8615910,423,054
Denmark1.470.111.35845,792,202
Italy1.310.350.8779360,461,826
Australia1.040.180.826225,499,884
Germany0.991.010.0282683,783,942
Hungary0.950.110.81929,660,351
Taiwan0.870.60.1220723,816,775
Ireland0.80.250.28394,937,786
Cuba0.50.20.35611,326,616
Kuwait0.360.360154,270,571
India0.2850.30.143,8931,380,004,385
South Korea0.080.020.044151,269,185
Iceland0.0701.25341,243
Azerbaijan0.070.270.01710,139,177
Japan0.0600.0476126,476,461
Hong Kong0.0300.0327,496,981
Belarus0.149,449,323
Bulgaria1.730.3411216,948,445
Sweden1.60.321.2316010,099,265
Portugal1.580.421.0116110,196,709
Latvia1.430.180.94271,886,198
Ukraine1.361.3659843,733,762
Belgium1.240.141.0314311,589,623
Luxembourg1.1901.167625,978
New Zealand1.070.110.84514,822,233
Moldova1.030.450.42414,033,963
Kyrgyzstan1.010.530.07646,524,195
Spain0.620.150.4229046,754,778
Netherlands0.580.290.289917,134,872
Zimbabwe0.390.30.095714,862,924
Poland0.260.040.099837,846,611
United Kingdom0.230.060.1515567,886,011
Qatar0.150.1542,881,053
Romania0.140.040.062719,237,691
Singapore0.0250.0050.016515,850,342