The Isle of Man is a self-governing British Crown dependency, located between Great Britain and the island of Ireland in the Irish Sea. It's not part of the United Kingdom, nor is it a territory akin to Bermuda, Gibraltar, or the Falkland Islands. The Isle of Man’s most populous city is Douglas, with a population of 26,000, making up over a third of the entire population.
The national origin groups of the Isle of Man are made up as such:
- 60% British (50% English, 5% Scottish, 5% Welsh)
- 15% Manx
- 10% Irish
- 7% South African
- 5% Australian
- 3% American
The 19th century saw the native Manx language overshadowed increasingly by English. English started being taught to the islanders’ children, which led to feelings that it would only be a matter of time before the Manx language was made redundant. By 1901, a mere 9.1% of the population claimed to speak Manx, and this figure soon dropped to 1.1% just 20 years later.
Around the year 8,000 BCE the island was severed from the surrounding islands and it was colonized some time before 6500 BCE. The Neolithic Period ushered in the beginnings of farming, and the upsurge of megalithic monuments that still stand today.
The end of the 8th century saw the arrival of the Vikings. They established Tynwald, the oldest continuous parliamentary body in the world, and established many land divisions that are still observed to this day.
Since 1907, the Isle of Man has played host to the most famous motorcycle races in the world. The very first TT race proved so popular that it came back year after year as an annual event. Due to public racing events in mainland Britain not being permitted to close public roads, fans would flock each year to the Isle of Man to enjoy the races. These races would eventually lead the way to establishing the British motorcycle industry's world dominant.
Since 1950, the population of the Isle of Man has grown from around 55,000 to an estimated 86,000. It's projected that this could pass 97,000 by 2050.
The Isle of Man – or Mann, as it is frequently called – is a British Crown dependency. Britain’s Queen Elizabeth II is the Lord of Mann, although she is represented by the dependency’s lieutenant government. Because it is a dependency, defense is provided by the United Kingdom. However, it is otherwise self-governing.
The Isle of Man was first established in 1765, although its history dates back as far as 6500 BC. The total land area of the dependency is about 221 square miles. With a population of 83,314 based on 2016 estimates, the total population density is quite low at around 383 people per square mile.
Beginning in the 1950s, the population declined year after year. This turn around in the early 2000s when the population began to rise again. In 2016 and 2017, declines were posted once again.
The capital of the Isle of Man is Douglas. This town is located on the River Douglas and has a population of almost 28,000 people, making it the most populous town on the Isle of Man. Another largely populated area is Onchan, which is a village that adjoins Douglas.
Nearly half of the inhabitants of Isle of Man are native-born. However, there are also foreigners that have moved to the island from the United Kingdom, the Republic of Ireland, and other EU nations.
The official language of the Isle of Man is Manx, which is a Goidelic Celtic language. While this is the traditional language, English is also a de facto language used in Isle of Man. The official religion is Christianity. There are several religions that are practiced in the Isle of Man. You’ll find populations of Eastern Orthodox Christians, Methodists, Jehovah’s Witnesses, Muslims, and Jews living in this area.