Lithuania Population 2020

2,730,922

Lithuania, officially the Republic of Lithuania, is located in Northern Europe along the Baltic Sea east of Denmark and Sweden. In 2020, Lithuania has an estimated population of 2.72 million, which ranks 142nd in the world.

Lithuania's estimated population of 2.72 million is significantly lower than the estimated population of 3.04 million in 2011, and lower than the population in 2013. Despite this population decline, Lithuania has one of the fastest growing economies in the European Union.

Surface Area and Population Density

Lithuania comes in with a ranking of 124th in the world for sheer land area with 65,300 square kilometers. The population density of this country is at 44.05 people per square kilometer, ranking in at 165th in the world for population density.

Largest Cities in Lithuania

The three largest cities in Lithuania are Vilnius (542,366) - which is also the capital of Lithuania, Kaunas (306,800) and Klaipeda (158,500).

Lithuania Demographics

Interestingly, native inhabitants of Lithuania have never been replaced or pushed out by any other ethnic group since the Neolithic period. This means modern-day Lithuanians have much of the same genetic composition of their ancestors. Lithuania has a fairly homogeneous population with no apparent genetic differences between subgroups of ethnicities. A DNA analysis conducted in 2004 found that Lithuanians are closest to Finns, Estonians and Latvians.

Ethnic Lithuanians account for 5/6 of the population, which makes the country one of the most homogeneous in the Baltic States. The 2011 census found that 84% of the population was ethnic Lithuanians who spoke Lithuanian. Poles made up 6.6%, followed by Russians (5.8%), Belarusians (1.2%) and Ukrainians (0.5%).

Poles are mostly concentrated in southeast Lithuania, while Russians are mostly in Vilnius and Klaipeda. There are approximately 3,000 Roma in Lithuania, as well as a small community of Tatar.

Lithuanian is the official language in use in the country, and the population also uses Russian and Polish as well as other unspecified languages.

The age structure in Lithuania is around 26% under the age of 25, 54% between the ages of 25 and 64, and nearly 20% are over the age of 65. The current median age as of 2018 is calculated at 43.7 years of age.

Population Growth

Currently, the population growth annual rate is at -.48% in 2018, which is a slight improvement from 2017, when the World Factbook gives a -1.07% growth rate.

Quality of Life in Lithuania

In terms of quality of life and access to necessary resources, Lithuania is doing fairly well. Less than 12% of the population struggle with access to clean water and improved sanitation facilities. In addition, the World Happiness Report shows a ranking of 50th in 2018, with an overall happiness rating that comes to 5.952 out of 10 possible points.

Components of Population Change

One birth every 19 minutes
One death every 14 minutes
One net migrant every 21 minutes
Net loss of one person every 15 minutes

Lithuania Population in 2018Source: By Regina Katkeviciene (Regina Katkeviciene) [CC BY 3.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0)], via Wikimedia Commons

Lithuania Population Pyramid 2020

Lithuania Population by Age

There are 2,266,707 adults in Lithuania.

Census Years

Year Date
20211 January 2021
20119 May 2011
20016 April 2001
198912 January 1989

Lithuania's population is currently in decline, losing about 1.5% of its population per year. The country has now reached its lowest population in decades as more people emigrate to wealthier west European countries, particularly the United Kingdom. In 1989, the year it declared independence from the Soviet Union, Lithuania had a population of 3.67 million, which has now declined to 2.9 million. By 2060, the population is predicted to fall to 2.5 million.

Official NameRepublic of Lithuania
Languages SpokenLithuanian
Is LandlockedNo
Latitude/Longitude56.00, 24.00
Currencies UsedEuro
DemonymLithuanian
BordersBelarus
Latvia
Poland
Russia
Name Population Location
Vilnius542,366Map
Kaunas374,643Map
Klaipeda192,307Map
Siauliai130,587Map
Panevezys117,395Map
Alytus70,747Map
Dainava (Kaunas)70,000Map
Eiguliai61,700Map
Marijampole47,613Map
Mazeikiai41,309Map
Silainiai40,600Map
Fabijoniskes39,759Map
Jonava34,993Map
Utena33,240Map
Pasilaiciai33,056Map
Kedainiai31,980Map
Seskine31,333Map
Lazdynai31,097Map
Telsiai30,098Map
Visaginas28,348Map

Lithuania Population Clock

The population of Lithuania (as of 4/2/2020)?2,730,922
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2020)2,722,289
Births Per Day77
Deaths Per Day105
Net Migrations Per Day-69
Net Change Per Day-97
Population Change Since January 1st-9,021

Lithuania Population Estimator

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Estimate as of April 2nd 2020 is: 2,731,393

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
20202,722,28946.28%53.72%41.69142-1.35%
20192,759,62746.26%53.74%42.26142-1.49%
20182,801,26446.21%53.79%42.90141-1.55%
20172,845,41446.15%53.85%43.57141-1.53%
20162,889,55746.10%53.90%44.25140-1.44%
20152,931,88046.05%53.95%44.90138-1.26%
20103,123,81646.03%53.97%47.84135-1.35%
20053,344,26846.45%53.54%51.21130-0.92%
20003,501,83946.80%53.20%53.63127-0.70%
19953,626,61247.12%52.88%55.54121-0.38%
19903,696,03547.32%52.68%56.601180.74%
19853,562,39747.22%52.78%54.551170.76%
19803,430,76047.14%52.86%52.541120.79%
19753,298,87947.07%52.93%50.521071.01%
19703,136,58646.91%53.09%48.031061.12%
19652,966,16546.59%53.41%45.421061.38%
19602,769,87646.10%53.90%42.421051.05%
19552,628,75145.64%54.36%40.261000.47%
19502,567,40345.10%54.90%39.32950.00%
Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
20202,722,28946.28%53.72%41.691420.00%
20252,591,27346.18%53.82%39.68144-0.98%
20302,484,80346.21%53.79%38.05146-0.84%
20352,381,86746.29%53.71%36.48148-0.84%
20402,284,29346.44%53.56%34.98149-0.83%
20452,197,74546.70%53.30%33.66150-0.77%
20502,121,39747.05%52.95%32.49150-0.70%
20552,046,21847.43%52.57%31.34151-0.72%
20601,969,13247.79%52.21%30.16151-0.77%
20651,892,02048.09%51.91%28.97152-0.80%
20701,819,92048.32%51.68%27.87153-0.77%
20751,755,96848.49%51.51%26.89154-0.71%
20801,702,52648.62%51.38%26.07153-0.62%
20851,656,18648.72%51.28%25.36153-0.55%
20901,611,87148.80%51.20%24.68153-0.54%
20951,568,02048.83%51.17%24.01153-0.55%
  1. Statistics Lithuania
  2. World Population Prospects (2019 Revision) - United Nations population estimates and projections.

    Total population: Estimated to be consistent with the 2011 census, with official population estimates for 2015, and with estimates of the subsequent trends in fertility, mortality and international migration.

  3. GeoNames Gazetteer