Lithuania's population is currently in decline, losing about 1.5% of its population per year. The country has now reached its lowest population in decades as more people emigrate to wealthier west European countries, particularly the United Kingdom. In 1989, the year it declared independence from the Soviet Union, Lithuania had a population of 3.67 million, which has now declined to 2.9 million. By 2060, the population is predicted to fall to 2.5 million.
Currently, the population growth annual rate is at -.48% in 2018, which is a slight improvement from 2017, when the World Factbook gives a -1.07% growth rate.