Malawi Population 2020
Malawi, officially the Republic of Malawi and formerly Nyasaland, is a landlocked country in southeast Africa bordered by Zambia, Tanzania, and Mozambique. In 2020, the estimated population of Malawi is 19.13 million, which ranks 62nd in the world.
Malawi Area and Population Density
Malawi has a land area of almost 119,000 square kilometers, or 99th in the world, with an estimated population of 17.2 million. Malawi still has a fairly low population density of 129 people per square kilometer (86th in the world).
Largest Cities in Malawi
Malawi has a low urban population at only 16.45%, and there are just three cities in Malawi. The capital is Lilongwe (978,000 in 2014), while the largest city is Blantyre (1.9 million in 2014) -- the commercial capital -- and Mzuzu (1.7 million in the outskirts, 130,000 in the city).
Malawi has several ethnic groups, including the Chewa, Nyanja, Yao, Tumbuka, Lomwe, Sena, Tonga, Ngoni, and Ngonde. There are sizable populations of Europeans and Asians. The official language is Chichewa, spoken by 57% of the population although English, Chinyanja, Chiyao, and Chitumbuka are spoken by a large percentage of people. There are also several native languages, such as Malawian Lomwe, Kokola, Lambya, Ndali, and Nyakyusa-Ngonde.
Malawi Religion, Economy and Politics
The main religions are Christianity and Islam. There are no accurate estimates on the religious affiliation of Malawi's population, but it is estimated that 68% of the country is Christian while 25% is Muslim.
Malawi is one of the least developed countries in the world with an economy centered on agriculture and a population that is mostly rural. The government depends a great deal of outside aid. There is a low life expectancy in Malawi with a high infant mortality rate and a high prevalence of HIV/AIDS (12% of the population).
Malawi Population History
What we now know as Malawi was formed by various indigenous tribes to create what was then the "Kingdom of Maravi" in the 1500s. In the late 1800s, a Scottish explorer identified the land as something he wanted, developed a trade route to the country via a river, and the country came under British rule before the turn of the 20th century. The indigenous people revolted against the British and formed their own Congress by the 1950s. By the 60s, Malawi declared independence with a leader named Banda, who declared himself president for life.
Between 2002-2005, drought caused widespread death of crops that affected both the economy, food, and water supply. However, this didn't have a dramatic effect on the rate of population growth, which has stayed around 3% annually since 2000.
Malawi Population Growth
In the past 40 years, Malawi has quadrupled its population. The birth rate is extremely high in this country, with each woman giving birth to an average of 5.7. Even if this begins to slow, the population will still be growing at an unmanageable rate. Nearly half of the population is under 15 years old, the age at which many begin reproducing, themselves. Measures, like contraceptive, and general education seem to be helping, but these kinds of solutions often take time to see significant results.
Malawi Population Projections
While the next 40 years shouldn't quadruple the population as the last 40 years has, it will still keep growing significantly. The current annual growth rate in Malawi 2.89%, is expected to peak in 2020 at 2.91% before slowly declining- although the growth will continue to be substantial. It is predicted that the population will be 20,283,691 in 2020, 26,578,247 by 2030, 33,836,707 by 2040, and 41,705,002. According to these projections, the population should double in less than 30 years.
Components of Population Change
|One birth every 49 seconds|
|One death every 4 minutes|
|One net migrant every 44 minutes|
|Net gain of one person every 1 minutes|