Muslim Population By Country 2020

As the second largest religious following, Muslims are people who believe in and live by the teachings of Islam. There are over two billion Muslims around the world, but how do the Muslim populations compare between the countries?

Before we look at numbers, let’s walk through a brief recap of Muslims versus Islam because there tends to be a lot of overlap in ways that don’t actually make sense. Islam is a religion, while Muslims are followers of the religion of Islam. Another way of referring to people who identify as Muslim is by calling them followers of Islam. A common error in phrasing is to refer to people as Islamic individuals, but Islam is a religion so it is more accurate to say Muslims, not Islams.

Within certain countries, there are populations of Muslims, and then, those populations within individual countries are then compared to the global population of Muslims. We are just going to look at each country and report on their current population of Muslim people to keep it simpler.

There are approximately 1.9 billion Muslims in the world, making Islam the second-largest religion in the world behind Christianity. The Islam population is mainly split between 1.5 billion Sunni Muslims and 240-340 million Shia Muslims with some others belonging to smaller denominations.

The largest Muslim country is Indonesia, where an estimated 229 million Muslims are. This is 87.2% of the Indonesian population of 263 million and about 13% of the world’s population of Muslims. Muslims in Indonesia are about 99% Sunni, 0.5% Shia, and 0.3% Ahmadi. Islam in Indonesia can be broadly categorized into “modernism,” following orthodox theology while embracing modern learning; or “traditionalism,” following the interpretations of local religious leaders.

Islam is the dominant religion in several countries, including Afghanistan, Pakistan, Western Sahara, Iran and more. Countries with high numbers of Muslims tend to be in Africa, the Middle East, and Asia.

Country Muslim Population Population 2020 Muslim % of Total Population Muslim % of World Population
Indonesia229,000,000273,523,61587.20%12.70%
Pakistan200,400,000220,892,34096.50%11.10%
India195,000,0001,380,004,38514.20%10.90%
Bangladesh153,700,000164,689,38390.40%9.20%
Nigeria99,000,000206,139,58949.60%5.30%
Egypt87,500,000102,334,40492.35%4.90%
Iran82,500,00083,992,94999.40%4.60%
Turkey79,850,00084,339,06799.20%4.60%
Algeria41,240,91343,851,04499.00%2.70%
Sudan39,585,77743,849,26097.00%1.90%
Iraq38,465,86440,222,49395.70%1.90%
Morocco37,930,98936,910,56099.00%2.00%
Ethiopia35,600,000114,963,58833.90%1.80%
Afghanistan34,836,01438,928,34699.60%1.80%
Saudi Arabia31,878,00034,813,87197.10%1.60%
China28,127,5001,439,323,7761.73%1.60%
Yemen27,784,49829,825,96499.10%1.50%
Uzbekistan26,550,00033,469,20396.50%1.70%
Niger21,101,92624,206,64498.30%1.00%
Russia20,000,000145,934,46213.50%1.00%
Tanzania19,426,81459,734,21835.20%0.80%
Mali17,508,39820,250,83395.00%0.80%
Syria16,700,00017,500,65893.00%1.00%
Malaysia16,318,35532,365,99961.30%1.10%
Senegal15,112,72116,743,92796.10%0.80%
Kazakhstan13,158,67218,776,70770.20%0.50%
Burkina Faso12,141,76920,903,27361.50%0.60%
Tunisia11,190,00011,818,61999.80%0.60%
Somalia10,978,00015,893,22299.80%0.60%
Guinea10,563,17113,132,79589.10%0.50%
Jordan10,165,57710,203,13497.20%0.40%
Azerbaijan9,735,07410,139,17796.90%0.50%
Chad9,183,20716,425,86458.00%0.40%
Philippines7,913,542109,581,0788.00%0.45%
Cameroon7,692,28926,545,86330.00%0.40%
Tajikistan7,621,7009,537,64596.70%0.40%
Libya6,551,8716,871,29297.00%0.40%
Sierra Leone6,067,7067,976,98378.60%0.30%
France5,720,00065,273,5118.80%0.30%
Kenya5,500,00053,771,29611.20%0.20%
Uganda5,435,23445,741,00714.00%0.30%
Ghana5,058,44431,072,94018.00%0.20%
Turkmenistan4,830,0006,031,20093.30%0.30%
Germany4,750,00083,783,9425.70%0.20%
Kyrgyzstan4,679,4366,524,19580.00%0.30%
United Arab Emirates4,615,0819,890,40276.00%0.20%
United Kingdom4,130,00067,886,0116.30%0.20%
Malawi3,968,51219,129,95220.00%0.10%
Mauritania3,840,4294,649,658100.00%0.20%
Mozambique3,830,06331,255,43517.90%0.30%
Lebanon3,519,7436,825,44557.70%0.20%
United States3,450,000331,002,6511.10%0.20%
Benin3,141,31912,123,20027.70%0.14%
Cambodia3,125,40116,718,9651.90%0.00%
Thailand3,000,00069,799,9784.30%0.20%
Italy2,987,84060,461,8264.80%0.10%
Eritrea2,630,0003,546,42143.80%0.10%
Madagascar2,568,36127,691,01810.00%0.00%
South Sudan2,464,68311,193,72520.00%0.00%
Oman2,427,0005,106,62685.90%0.20%
Kuwait2,175,6844,270,57174.60%0.20%
Sri Lanka2,105,00021,413,2499.70%0.10%
Albania1,797,6452,877,79758.80%0.10%
Togo1,593,0118,278,72420.00%0.10%
Qatar1,566,7862,881,05377.50%0.10%
Israel1,516,4828,655,53518.00%0.10%
Nepal1,292,90929,136,8084.20%0.10%
Burundi1,184,45211,890,78410.00%0.00%
Spain1,180,00046,754,7782.60%0.10%
Canada1,148,21337,742,1543.20%0.10%
Bahrain1,063,2391,701,57573.70%0.00%
South Africa1,050,00059,308,6901.90%0.00%
Liberia961,9535,057,68120.00%0.00%
Netherlands880,00017,134,8725.10%0.10%
Belgium879,37711,589,6237.60%0.00%
Central African Republic861,7594,829,76715.00%0.00%
Bulgaria861,0156,948,44513.40%0.00%
Djibouti857,496988,00097.00%0.10%
Guinea Bissau826,7941,968,00145.10%0.00%
Sweden800,00010,099,2658.10%0.00%
Singapore781,5585,850,34214.70%0.00%
Brazil767,583212,559,4170.36%0.00%
Austria712,0009,006,3988.00%0.00%
Macedonia705,6082,083,37433.30%0.00%
Ukraine695,00043,733,7621.70%0.00%
Australia650,00025,499,8842.60%0.00%
Greece613,40610,423,0545.70%0.00%
Western Sahara599,633597,33999.40%0.00%
Rwanda576,05412,952,2184.80%0.00%
Switzerland440,0008,654,6225.20%0.00%
Argentina400,00045,195,7740.90%0.90%
Maldives386,193540,54498.40%0.00%
Brunei355,045437,47978.80%0.00%
Cyprus350,0001,207,35928.20%0.00%
Denmark313,7135,792,2025.40%0.00%
Hong Kong295,7467,496,9814.10%0.00%
Mayotte253,439272,81597.00%0.00%
Mauritius236,0201,271,76817.30%0.00%
Serbia221,4608,737,3713.10%0.00%
Gabon211,9032,225,73410.00%0.00%
Japan185,000126,476,4610.10%0.00%
Zambia168,87718,383,9551.00%0.00%
Mongolia150,0003,278,2905.00%0.00%
Finland150,0005,540,7202.70%0.00%
Norway142,5005,421,2415.70%0.00%
Romania136,50019,237,6910.65%0.00%
Swaziland129,2301,160,16410.00%0.00%
Venezuela125,21628,435,9400.40%0.00%
Montenegro122,849628,06619.10%0.00%
Zimbabwe100,00014,862,9240.70%0.00%
Colombia96,33750,882,8910.20%0.00%
Vietnam96,16097,338,5790.10%0.00%
Angola90,00032,866,2720.30%0.00%
Suriname83,400586,63213.90%0.00%
Equatorial Guinea79,7451,402,98510.00%0.00%
Trinidad And Tobago78,0001,399,4885.80%0.00%
Slovenia73,5682,078,9383.60%0.00%
Belarus72,5009,449,3230.75%0.00%
Ireland70,9524,937,7861.40%0.00%
Portugal65,00010,196,7090.40%0.00%
Croatia64,0574,105,2671.50%0.00%
Taiwan60,00023,816,7750.30%0.00%
Fiji58,355896,4456.30%0.00%
Guyana55,000786,5527.30%0.00%
Hungary50,0009,660,3510.50%0.00%
New Zealand41,0004,822,2330.90%0.00%
South Korea35,00051,269,1850.10%0.00%
Honduras30,0009,904,6070.30%0.00%
Panama25,0004,314,7670.70%0.00%
Luxembourg18,172625,9783.00%0.00%
Moldova15,0004,033,9630.40%0.00%
Czech Republic15,00010,708,9810.15%0.00%
Malta11,675441,5432.60%0.00%
Cape Verde11,367555,9872.00%0.00%
Cuba11,11611,326,6160.10%0.00%
Slovakia10,8665,459,6420.15%0.00%
Namibia9,6542,540,9050.40%0.00%
Botswana8,9962,351,6270.40%0.00%
New Caledonia7,000285,4982.80%0.00%
Poland6,79637,846,6110.02%0.00%
Jamaica5,6242,961,1670.20%0.00%
Mexico5,500128,932,7530.01%0.00%
Haiti5,00011,402,5280.00%0.00%
Barbados4,396287,3751.50%0.00%
Chile4,00019,116,2010.00%0.00%
Armenia3,0382,963,2430.10%0.00%
Lithuania3,0002,722,2890.10%0.00%
Lesotho3,0002,142,2490.10%0.00%
North Korea3,00025,778,8160.10%0.00%
French Guiana2,400298,6820.90%0.00%
Andorra2,22877,2652.60%0.00%
Liechtenstein2,05038,1285.40%0.00%
Bolivia2,00011,673,0210.00%0.00%
Papua New Guinea2,0008,947,0240.00%0.00%
Latvia2,0001,886,1980.15%0.00%
Guadeloupe2,000400,1240.40%0.00%
El Salvador2,0006,486,2050.00%0.00%
Dominican Republic2,00010,847,9100.00%0.00%
Estonia1,5081,326,5350.00%0.00%
Guatemala1,20017,915,5680.00%0.00%
Gibraltar1,15033,6914.00%0.00%
Seychelles1,03698,3471.10%0.00%
Puerto Rico1,0002,860,8530.00%0.00%
Timor Leste1,0001,318,4450.10%0.00%
Paraguay1,0007,132,5380.00%0.00%
Nicaragua1,0006,624,5540.00%0.00%
Laos1,0007,275,5600.00%0.00%
British Virgin Islands30,2311.20%0.00%
Solomon Islands686,8840.00%0.00%
Samoa198,4140.00%0.00%
Wallis And Futuna11,2390.00%0.00%
Uruguay3,473,7300.00%0.00%
Belize397,6280.20%0.00%
Isle Of Man85,0330.20%0.00%
Tuvalu11,7920.10%0.00%
Turks And Caicos Islands38,7170.00%0.00%
Tonga105,6950.00%0.00%
Tokelau1,3570.00%0.00%
San Marino33,9310.00%0.00%
Anguilla15,0030.60%0.00%
Bhutan771,6080.20%0.00%
Peru32,971,8540.00%0.00%
Bermuda62,2781.00%0.00%
Palau18,0940.00%0.00%
Marshall Islands59,1900.00%0.00%
Northern Mariana Islands57,5590.70%0.00%
Niue1,6260.00%0.00%
Vanuatu307,1450.00%0.00%
Aruba106,7660.40%0.00%
Nauru10,8240.00%0.00%
Montserrat4,9920.10%0.00%
Monaco39,2420.80%0.00%
Martinique375,2650.20%0.00%
Macau649,3350.10%0.00%
Iceland341,2430.20%0.00%
Vatican City8010.00%0.00%
Guam168,7750.00%0.00%
Grenada112,5230.30%0.00%
Greenland56,7700.00%0.00%
Kiribati119,4490.00%0.00%
Antigua And Barbuda97,9290.30%0.00%
French Polynesia280,9080.00%0.00%
Falkland Islands3,4800.00%0.00%
Faroe Islands48,8630.00%0.00%
Ecuador17,643,0540.00%0.00%
Dominica71,9860.20%0.00%
Costa Rica5,094,1180.00%0.00%
Cook Islands17,5640.00%0.00%
American Samoa55,1910.00%0.00%
Cayman Islands65,7220.20%0.00%