Niger Population 2020 (Live)

24,100,864

According to current projections, Niger’s population is expected to continue its growth through the rest of the century. Its population will surpass 50 million people by 2041 and 100 million by 2068. Niger’s population is expected to be around 163.2 million people by 2099.

In past decades, Niger had slower population growth, at rates less than 3%. Since 1990, the population growth rate has remained above 3% each year. The 2020 population grew 3.84% over the 2019 population, adding about 896,000 people to the population.

Niger had one of the highest fertility rates in the world of 6.95 births per woman. This is lower than the 2019 rate of 7.27 births per woman. Niger’s high fertility rates have resulted in a consistently young population where the median age is 15.2 years old.

The current population of Niger is 24,100,864, based on projections of the latest United Nations data. The UN estimates the July 1, 2020 population at 24,206,644.

Niger Growth Rate

Niger Population 2020 (Live)

Name Population
Niamey774,235
Zinder191,424
Maradi163,487
Agadez124,324
Alaghsas88,561
Tahoua80,425
Dosso49,750
Birni N Konni48,103
Tessaoua35,775
Gaya33,051

Niger Area and Population Density

Niger is the largest country in West Africa, and the 22nd largest country in the world, but over 80% of its land is covered by the Sahara desert. This is one reason for Niger's low population density of just 12 people per square kilometer. Niger's estimated population is {pop}, compared to an estimated 17.1 million in 2012. 94% of Niger's population live on just 35% of the land. The Maradi region hold 20% of the population on 3.3% of the country's land, while just 3% of the population live in the desert and mountains to the north, which makes up 53% of the land area.

Largest Cities in Niger

Niger is a nation that has a low percentage of an urban population, with roughly 19% of people living in urban areas, and as such doesn't have many large cities. By far the largest city, which is also the country's capital, is Niamey, with 1,302,910 people living within its borders. Niamey sits on the River Niger and is home to both the nation's military and much of its agriculture. The second largest city is Zinder, with a population of 256,000. There aren't any other major city centers with populations much over 100,000.

Niger Population Density Map

Year Population Growth Rate Density (km²) Population Rank Density Rank
202024,206,6443.84%19.1156196
201923,310,7153.87%18.4057196
201822,442,8223.89%17.7257200
201721,602,3823.91%17.0557201
201620,788,7983.94%16.4158201
201520,001,6633.97%15.7958202
201016,464,0253.86%13.0062206
200513,624,4673.75%10.7664207
200011,331,5573.61%8.9568210
19959,490,2883.41%7.4978212
19908,026,5913.02%6.3482213
19856,915,9972.92%5.4683214
19805,989,0042.93%4.7385213
19755,184,9412.83%4.0984213
19704,510,6442.88%3.5689213
19653,914,1172.92%3.0991213
19603,388,7642.77%2.6893213
19552,955,5412.92%2.3393213
19502,559,7030.00%2.0296214

Niger Population by Year (Historical)

Year Population Growth Rate Density (km²) Population Rank Density Rank
202024,206,6443.84%19.1156196
202529,125,5203.77%22.9954193
203034,846,0203.65%27.5150189
203541,396,3733.51%32.6841186
204048,745,8553.32%38.4838182
204556,837,1263.12%44.8734175
205065,593,0432.91%51.7830170
205574,927,8962.70%59.1527164
206084,725,6592.49%66.8924158
206594,889,1272.29%74.9123152
2070105,283,9882.10%83.1221145
2075115,763,5421.92%91.3918134
2080126,182,9661.74%99.6217132
2085136,432,7321.57%107.7116125
2090146,411,3691.42%115.5816123
2095155,946,9811.27%123.1114117

Niger Population by Year (Projections)

Niger Population Pyramid 2020

Niger Population by Age

There are 10,110,098 adults in Niger.

Niger Population Pyramid

Niger Population Clock

The population of Niger (as of 5/19/2020)?24,100,864
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2020)24,206,644
Births Per Day2,972
Deaths Per Day520
Net Migrations Per Day8
Net Change Per Day2,460
Population Change Since January 1st341,940

Niger Population Estimator

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Estimate as of May 19th 2020 is: 24,103,551

Components of Population Change

One birth every 29 seconds
One death every 3 minutes
One net migrant every 180 minutes
Net gain of one person every 35 seconds

Niger Demographics

More than 50% of Niger's population belongs to the Hausa, which also is the largest ethnic group of northern Nigeria, as well as the Zarma-Songhai. Both groups are sedentary farmers who live in the southern area of the country.

The rest of Nigeriens are nomadic or semi-nomadic and raise livestock. The Fulani, Kanuri, Arabs, Toubou, and Tuareg count for around 20% of the country's population. With the country's population rapidly increasing, creating more competition for scarce resources, the farmer and herders have clashed several times.

A study in 2005 estimated that about 8% of Niger's population is enslaved.

Niger Religion, Economy and Politics

Between 80 and 98% of Niger's population is Muslim, although there are small Animist and Christian communities. Most Muslims in the country are Sufi and Sunni, with about 5% being Shi'a Muslims. Niger maintains a reputation as a secular state that is protected by law. Women are not secluded, and hijabs are not mandatory.

As a landlocked nation, mineral export accounts for much of the country's GDP. In recent years, the government has been trying to increase investment in infrastructure, which has unfortunately led to a lot of debt, making for a weak financial system.

Niger gained its independence from France in 1960 and was ruled by a military regime for the next three decades. An election in 1993 dave the country a democratic government and elected a democratic socialist in 2011.

Niger Population History

Niger came under the control of the French in 1922 but became an autonomous state within the French community by 1958. Drought devastated the nation throughout the 70s and 80s, but the population growth has been extremely strong, if not too much so, regardless. For the majority of the 1900s, the growth rate was well over 2% annually but went over 3% by 1990. This has continued until the present day, where the rate is now near 4%.

About Niger

  1. Institut National de la Statistique du Niger (INS)
  2. UN World Population Prospects (2019 Revision) - United Nations population estimates and projections.

    Total population: Estimated to be consistent with the 1977, 1988, 2001 and 2012 censuses, adjusted for underenumeration, and with estimates of the subsequent trends in fertility, mortality and international migration.

  3. GeoNames Gazetteer