Periphery Countries 2020

The World Systems Theory developed by Immanuel Wallerstein is a way of explaining world history that shows that some nations benefit from the world economic system, while others do not and are even exploited.

Under the World Systems Theory, there are three different divisions: the core countries, which are the industrialized capitalist nations in the world, the semi-periphery countries, which are mostly capitalist and are industrializing, and finally, the periphery countries that are less developed than core and semi-periphery countries. In this article, we’ll focus on the periphery countries.

Periphery countries have just a small share of the world’s wealth. These nations are not just dependent on other nations but are often exploited by more developed countries. Some characteristics of periphery countries include unstable governments, poor education systems, and poor health systems.

According to socialist Salvatore Babones, the world’s periphery countries include:

A different list was made for “Trade Globalization since 1795: Waves of Integration on the World-System.” While there are some similarities, this list features more nations. Those countries are:

Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Angola Bahrain, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belarus, Belize, Benin, Bolivia, Botswana, Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, Burundi Cambodia, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Chile, Colombia, Congo, Costa Rica, Cote d’Ivoire, Croatia, Cuba, Cyprus, Czech Republic Dominican Republic Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Eritrea, Estonia, Ethiopia Gabon, Gambia, Georgia, Ghana, Greece, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana Haiti, Honduras, Hungary Iraq Jamaica, Jordan Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan Laos, Latvia, Lebanon, Lesotho, Liberia, Libya, Lithuania Macao, Macedonia, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Mali, Mauritania, Mauritius, Moldova, Mongolia, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar Namibia, Nepal, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria Oman Pakistan, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Puerto Rico Romania, Rwanda, Russian Federation Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname, Syrian Arab Republic Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey Uganda, United Arab Emirates, Uruguay Venezuela, Vietnam Yemen Zambia, Zimbabwe

* Countries are chosen using Human Development Index.
Country Human Development Index Population 2020
Afghanistan0.49838,928,346
Albania0.7852,877,797
Algeria0.75443,851,044
Andorra0.85877,265
Angola0.58132,866,272
Antigua And Barbuda0.7897,929
Argentina0.82545,195,774
Armenia0.7552,963,243
Azerbaijan0.75710,139,177
Bahamas0.807393,244
Bahrain0.8461,701,575
Bangladesh0.608164,689,383
Barbados0.8287,375
Belarus0.8089,449,323
Belize0.708397,628
Benin0.51512,123,200
Bhutan0.612771,608
Bolivia0.69311,673,021
Bosnia And Herzegovina0.7683,280,819
Botswana0.7172,351,627
Brazil0.759212,559,417
Brunei0.853437,479
Bulgaria0.8136,948,445
Burkina Faso0.42320,903,273
Burundi0.41711,890,784
Cambodia0.58216,718,965
Cameroon0.55626,545,863
Cape Verde0.654555,987
Central African Republic0.3674,829,767
Chad0.40416,425,864
Chile0.84319,116,201
China0.7521,439,323,776
Colombia0.74750,882,891
Comoros0.503869,601
Costa Rica0.7945,094,118
Croatia0.8314,105,267
Cuba0.77711,326,616
Cyprus0.8691,207,359
Djibouti0.476988,000
Dominica0.71571,986
Dominican Republic0.73610,847,910
Dr Congo0.45789,561,403
Ecuador0.75217,643,054
Egypt0.696102,334,404
El Salvador0.6746,486,205
Equatorial Guinea0.5911,402,985
Eritrea0.443,546,421
Ethiopia0.463114,963,588
Fiji0.741896,445
Gabon0.7022,225,734
Gambia0.462,416,668
Georgia0.783,989,167
Ghana0.59231,072,940
Greece0.8710,423,054
Grenada0.772112,523
Guatemala0.6517,915,568
Guinea0.45913,132,795
Guinea Bissau0.4551,968,001
Guyana0.654786,552
Haiti0.49811,402,528
Honduras0.6179,904,607
Hungary0.8389,660,351
India0.641,380,004,385
Indonesia0.694273,523,615
Iran0.79883,992,949
Iraq0.68540,222,493
Ivory Coast0.49226,378,274
Jamaica0.7322,961,167
Jordan0.73510,203,134
Kazakhstan0.818,776,707
Kenya0.5953,771,296
Kiribati0.612119,449
Kuwait0.8034,270,571
Kyrgyzstan0.6726,524,195
Laos0.6017,275,560
Latvia0.8471,886,198
Lebanon0.7576,825,445
Lesotho0.522,142,249
Liberia0.4355,057,681
Libya0.7066,871,292
Lithuania0.8582,722,289
Madagascar0.51927,691,018
Malawi0.47719,129,952
Malaysia0.80232,365,999
Maldives0.717540,544
Mali0.42720,250,833
Marshall Islands0.70859,190
Mauritania0.524,649,658
Mauritius0.791,271,768
Mexico0.774128,932,753
Micronesia0.627115,023
Moldova0.74,033,963
Mongolia0.7413,278,290
Montenegro0.814628,066
Morocco0.66736,910,560
Mozambique0.43731,255,435
Myanmar0.57854,409,800
Namibia0.6472,540,905
Nepal0.57429,136,808
Nicaragua0.6586,624,554
Niger0.35424,206,644
Nigeria0.532206,139,589
Oman0.8215,106,626
Pakistan0.562220,892,340
Palau0.79818,094
Palestine0.6865,101,414
Panama0.7894,314,767
Papua New Guinea0.5448,947,024
Paraguay0.7027,132,538
Peru0.7532,971,854
Philippines0.699109,581,078
Poland0.86537,846,611
Portugal0.84710,196,709
Qatar0.8562,881,053
Republic Of The Congo0.6065,518,087
Romania0.81119,237,691
Russia0.816145,934,462
Rwanda0.52412,952,218
Saint Kitts And Nevis0.77853,199
Saint Lucia0.747183,627
Saint Vincent And The Grenadines0.723110,940
Samoa0.713198,414
Sao Tome And Principe0.589219,159
Saudi Arabia0.85334,813,871
Senegal0.50516,743,927
Serbia0.7878,737,371
Seychelles0.79798,347
Sierra Leone0.4197,976,983
Slovakia0.8555,459,642
Solomon Islands0.546686,884
South Africa0.69959,308,690
South Sudan0.38811,193,725
Sri Lanka0.7721,413,249
Sudan0.50243,849,260
Suriname0.72586,632
Tajikistan0.659,537,645
Tanzania0.53859,734,218
Thailand0.75569,799,978
Togo0.5038,278,724
Tonga0.726105,695
Trinidad And Tobago0.7841,399,488
Tunisia0.73511,818,619
Turkey0.79184,339,067
Turkmenistan0.7066,031,200
Uganda0.51645,741,007
Ukraine0.75143,733,762
United Arab Emirates0.8639,890,402
Uruguay0.8043,473,730
Uzbekistan0.7133,469,203
Vanuatu0.603307,145
Venezuela0.76128,435,940
Yemen0.45229,825,964
Zambia0.58818,383,955
Zimbabwe0.53514,862,924