The Republic of San Marino – or simply San Marino – is a microstate that is located on the Italian Peninsula. San Marino is a member of the Council of Europe and is the smallest member with a population of about 33,344 based on estimates from 2018. The region has a total land area of about 23.6 miles. Because of its small size, this makes the population density quite high at nearly 1,347 people per square mile.
Of the total population, about 4,800 inhabitants are foreigners. Many of these inhabitants have emigrated from Italy. There are roughly 12,000 San Marino natives (or Sammarinese) living in other areas on the world, including Italy, the United States, and France.
The capital of San Marino is the City of San Marino. This city is the only city in San Marino and has a population of over 4,000 people. Despite being the only city, though, the City of San Marino isn’t the most populous settlement in the region. This distinction goes to the town of Dogana, which has a population of about 7,000 people.
The primary language of San Marino is Italian, although Romagnol is also spoken throughout the region. The majority of Sammarinese people are of the Roman Catholic faith, which makes up over 97% of the population. Other minor religions in the area include Protestant, Jewish, and other Christian faiths.
San Marino is not a member of the European Union, or EU. However, because of an agreement with the Council of the European Union, the territory uses the euro as its official currency and has the right t use its own design. The territory has an economy that is comparable to that of Italy because of industries including electronics, banking, agriculture, and winemaking.