Sao Tome and Principe Population 2022 (Live)

227,566
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Sao Tome and Principe is currently growing at a rather high 2.6% per year. The nation faces many problems, including a low life expectancy, few doctors, and mandatory school for just four years and an educational system that has insufficiently trained teachers, a shortage of classrooms, inadequate materials and high repetition rates.

The current population of Sao Tome and Principe is 227,566 based on projections of the latest United Nations data. The UN estimates the July 1, 2022 population at 227,380.

Sao Tome and Principe Growth Rate

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Sao Tome and Principe Population 2022 (Live)

Sao Tome and Principe Population Clock

Sao Tome and Principe Population (as of 10/1/2022)227,566
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2022)227,380
Births per Day3
Deaths per Day1
Migrations per Day
Net Change per Day2
Population Change Since Jan. 1548

Components of Population Change

One birth every 480 minutes0%
One death every 1440 minutes0%
One net migrant every Infinity minutes0%
Net gain of one person every 720 minutes0%

Sao Tome and Principe Population Clock

Sao Tome and Principe Population Density Map

Sao Tome and Principe Population by Year (Historical)

Sao Tome and Principe Population by Year (Projections)

Sao Tome and Principe Population Pyramid 2022

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Sao Tome and Principe Median Age

19.3


Total

18.9


Male

19.7


Female

Sao Tome and Principe Population by Age

There are 121,339 people over age 18 in Sao Tome and Principe.

Census Years

Sao Tome and Principe Population Pyramid

Sao Tome and Principe, officially the Democratic Republic of Sao Tome and Principe, is an island nation in the Gulf of Guinea off the western coast of Central Africa. Sao Tome and Principe is comprised of two archipelagos around the main islands of Sao Tome and Principe, which are 87 miles apart and about 150 miles off the coast of Gabon. Both islands are a part of an extinct volcanic mountain range.

Sao Tome and Principe is the second-smallest African nation behind Seychelles and the smallest Portuguese-speaking country. Given its small size, it is little surprise that Sao Tome and Principe is fairly densely populated with 187 people per square kilometer (485/sq mi). The capital and largest city is Sao Tome with an estimated population of 58,000.

Sao Tome and Principe Demographics

Prior to the arrival of the Portuguese around 1470, Sao Tome and Principe were uninhabited. The first settlement was established in 1493 on Sao Tome, while Principe was settled in 1500. When attracting settlers proved a challenge, the early inhabitants of the island became "undesirables" from Portugal, most of whom were Jews. Later, slaves were imported from the mainland or sugar plantations.

The first census in Sao Tome and Principe took place in 2011. It found that 157,500 people live on Sao Tome while 6,000 live on Principe. All inhabitants today are descended from people from various countries taken to the islands by the Portuguese, including Jews and slaves.

72% of the population is Catholic, 10% belong to another Christian denomination and 18% belong to another religion or are non-religious.

Sao Tome and Principe - General Info

  1. National Institute of Statistics
  2. World Population Prospects (2022 Revision) - United Nations population estimates and projections.
  3. GeoNames

Sources