Sao Tome and Principe Population 2020 (Live)

220,863
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Sao Tome and Principe is currently growing at a rather high 2.6% per year. The nation faces many problems, including a low life expectancy, few doctors, and mandatory school for just four years and an educational system that has insufficiently trained teachers, a shortage of classrooms, inadequate materials and high repetition rates.

The current population of Sao Tome and Principe is 220,863, based on projections of the latest United Nations data. The UN estimates the July 1, 2020 population at 219,159.

Sao Tome and Principe Growth Rate

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Sao Tome and Principe Population 2020 (Live)

Name Population
Sao Tome53,300
Santo Antonio1,156

Sao Tome and Principe Population Density Map

Year Population Growth Rate Density (km²) Population Rank Density Rank
2020219,1591.91%228.2918763
2019215,0561.91%224.0218762
2018211,0281.90%219.8218763
2017207,0891.90%215.7218764
2016203,2271.90%211.6918765
2015199,4322.03%207.7418765
2010180,3712.75%187.8918867
2005157,4722.05%164.0319068
2000142,2621.56%148.1919169
1995131,6782.01%137.1619168
1990119,2092.59%124.1819073
1985104,9241.84%109.3019177
198095,7942.88%99.7919282
197583,1382.20%86.6019387
197074,5642.82%77.6719391
196564,8920.18%67.6019393
196064,3021.80%66.9818988
195558,806-0.40%61.2618988
195060,0020.00%62.5018779

Sao Tome and Principe Population by Year (Historical)

Year Population Growth Rate Density (km²) Population Rank Density Rank
2020219,1591.91%228.2918763
2025241,5711.97%251.6418761
2030268,2442.12%279.4218757
2035297,3872.08%309.7818652
2040328,2732.00%341.9518546
2045360,6101.90%375.6418342
2050394,1531.80%410.5818139
2055428,2281.67%446.0718038
2060462,4221.55%481.6918036
2065496,6531.44%517.3517833
2070530,7531.34%552.8717828
2075564,3741.24%587.8917726
2080596,9561.13%621.8317624
2085628,0521.02%654.2217622
2090657,1090.91%684.4917222
2095683,8630.80%712.3617222

Sao Tome and Principe Population by Year (Projections)

Sao Tome and Principe Population Pyramid 2020

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Sao Tome and Principe Median Age

18.4


Total

18


Male

18.8


Female

Sao Tome and Principe Population by Age

There are 109,211 adults in Sao Tome and Principe.

Sao Tome and Principe Population Pyramid

Sao Tome and Principe, officially the Democratic Republic of Sao Tome and Principe, is an island nation in the Gulf of Guinea off the western coast of Central Africa. Sao Tome and Principe is comprised of two archipelagos around the main islands of Sao Tome and Principe, which are 87 miles apart and about 150 miles off the coast of Gabon. Both islands are a part of an extinct volcanic mountain range.

Sao Tome and Principe is the second-smallest African nation behind Seychelles and the smallest Portuguese-speaking country. Given its small size, it is little surprise that Sao Tome and Principe is fairly densely populated with 187 people per square kilometer (485/sq mi). The capital and largest city is Sao Tome with an estimated population of 58,000.

Sao Tome and Principe Demographics

Prior to the arrival of the Portuguese around 1470, Sao Tome and Principe were uninhabited. The first settlement was established in 1493 on Sao Tome, while Principe was settled in 1500. When attracting settlers proved a challenge, the early inhabitants of the island became "undesirables" from Portugal, most of whom were Jews. Later, slaves were imported from the mainland or sugar plantations.

The first census in Sao Tome and Principe took place in 2011. It found that 157,500 people live on Sao Tome while 6,000 live on Principe. All inhabitants today are descended from people from various countries taken to the islands by the Portuguese, including Jews and slaves.

72% of the population is Catholic, 10% belong to another Christian denomination and 18% belong to another religion or are non-religious.

About Sao Tome and Principe