Swaziland Population 2020

1,157,316

Swaziland, officially the Kingdom of Swaziland is a sovereign state in Southern Africa bordered by South Africa and Mozambique. Swaziland is one of Africa's smallest countries yet has an estimated 2020 population of 1.16 million, which ranks 159th in the world.

Swaziland has just 17,300 square kilometers of land (157th in the world), with an estimated population of 1,106,000. This is a moderate increase from the 2007 census, which found 1,018,000 residents in the country. There are about 68 people per square kilometer in Swaziland, which ranks 135th in the world.

There is only one city with a population over 100,000: Manzini, with an estimated 2005 population of 110,500. The next largest city, and only city over 10,000, is Mbabane with 76,000.

Approximately 21% of the population lives in urban areas.

Swaziland Demographics

The population of Swaziland is mostly ethnic Swazis, who speak siSwati, along with a small amount of Zulu and White Africans, who are mostly of British and Afrikaner descent. While the Swazi have traditionally been farmers and herders, many now work in government, the urban economy, and even mines in South Africa.

Swaziland faces several health issues, including HIV/AIDS and tuberculosis. The country has a median age of 20.5 years with a life expectancy of just 31.88 years, the lowest documented life expectancy in the world and less than half the world average.

Components of Population Change

One birth every 18 minutes
One death every 50 minutes
One net migrant every 72 minutes
Net gain of one person every 45 minutes

Swaziland Population in 2018Source: By Stefan Krasowski [CC BY 2.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0)], via Wikimedia Commons

Swaziland Population Pyramid 2020

Swaziland Population by Age

There are 635,629 adults in Swaziland.

Census Years

Year Date
2017May 2017
200714 May 2007
199712 May 1997
198625 August 1986

Swaziland faces several challenges, including the lowest life expectancy in the world, which holds its growth back. Despite an abundance of natural resources -- including quarry stone, small diamond and gold deposits and coal --and a high literacy rate compared to other African countries, 69% of Swaziland's population lives below the poverty line. Swaziland also has the highest HIV/AIDS adult prevalence rate (26%) in the world. There are also issues with excessive hunting, overgrazing, soil degradation, and limited potable water. The country is currently growing at a rate of 1.5% per year in the face of these problems.

Official NameKingdom of Swaziland
Languages SpokenEnglish, Swazi
Is LandlockedYes
Latitude/Longitude-26.50, 31.50
Currencies UsedSwaziland Lilangeni
DemonymSwazi
BordersMozambique
South Africa
Name Population Location
Manzini110,537Map
Mbabane76,218Map
Big Bend10,342Map
Malkerns9,724Map
Nhlangano9,016Map
Mhlume8,652Map
Hluti6,763Map
Siteki6,152Map
Piggs Peak5,750Map
Lobamba4,557Map

Swaziland Population Clock

The population of Swaziland (as of 4/2/2020)?1,157,316
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2020)1,160,164
Births Per Day81
Deaths Per Day29
Net Migrations Per Day-20
Net Change Per Day32
Population Change Since January 1st2,976

Swaziland Population Estimator

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Estimate as of April 2nd 2020 is: 1,157,230

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
20201,160,16449.15%50.85%66.811591.05%
20191,148,13049.02%50.98%66.121591.04%
20181,136,28148.85%51.15%65.441591.02%
20171,124,80548.66%51.34%64.781590.97%
20161,113,99748.44%51.56%64.161590.90%
20151,104,04448.21%51.79%63.581590.73%
20101,064,83747.16%52.84%61.321580.66%
20051,030,57947.47%52.53%59.351540.50%
20001,005,43548.09%51.91%57.901541.64%
1995926,84147.71%52.29%53.381542.42%
1990822,42047.35%52.65%47.361543.30%
1985699,08047.43%52.57%40.261573.53%
1980587,85847.72%52.28%33.851583.30%
1975499,76347.71%52.29%28.781592.99%
1970431,25348.28%51.72%24.841592.89%
1965373,91948.54%51.46%21.531592.13%
1960336,58348.46%51.54%19.381572.12%
1955303,02848.51%51.49%17.451592.11%
1950273,00348.62%51.38%15.721590.00%
Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
20201,160,16449.15%50.85%66.811590.00%
20251,223,69349.38%50.62%70.471591.07%
20301,297,83549.41%50.59%74.741561.18%
20351,401,42249.12%50.88%80.711561.55%
20401,507,37148.85%51.15%86.811551.47%
20451,610,02248.59%51.41%92.721541.33%
20501,704,42848.35%51.65%98.161541.15%
20551,789,22748.13%51.87%103.041540.98%
20601,864,60047.96%52.04%107.381520.83%
20651,930,62247.84%52.16%111.191510.70%
20701,987,36447.73%52.27%114.451490.58%
20752,034,62247.63%52.37%117.171490.47%
20802,072,99447.51%52.49%119.381480.37%
20852,102,59747.38%52.62%121.091490.28%
20902,123,97547.28%52.72%122.321480.20%
20952,137,65047.21%52.79%123.111470.13%
  1. Central Statistics Office of Swaziland
  2. World Population Prospects (2019 Revision) - United Nations population estimates and projections.

    Total population: Estimated to be consistent with the 1956, 1966, 1976, 1986 and 1997 censuses adjusted for underenumeration, and with estimates of the subsequent trends in fertility, mortality and international migration. Results from the 2007 census have been considered.

  3. GeoNames Gazetteer