Timor-Leste Population 2020 (Live)

1,321,550
The current population of Timor-Leste is 1,321,550, based on projections of the latest United Nations data. The UN estimates the July 1, 2020 population at 1,318,445.

Timor-Leste Growth Rate

Timor-Leste Population 2020 (Live)

Name Population
Dili150,000
Maliana22,000
Suai21,539
Likisa19,000
Aileu17,356
Lospalos17,186
Maubara16,300
Venilale16,000
Baukau16,000
Ainaro12,000

Timor-Leste Population Density Map

Year Population Growth Rate Density (km²) Population Rank Density Rank
20201,318,4451.96%88.66156121
20191,293,1191.98%86.96156122
20181,267,9741.99%85.27156122
20171,243,2581.97%83.61157124
20161,219,2881.92%82.00156126
20151,196,3021.81%80.45156127
20101,093,5231.90%73.54157130
2005995,1352.39%66.92156130
2000884,3660.93%59.47156133
1995844,3342.73%56.78156133
1990737,8142.35%49.62157134
1985657,0531.84%44.19158134
1980599,905-0.95%40.34157134
1975629,2271.94%42.32154124
1970571,5651.92%38.44154123
1965519,6861.84%34.95154122
1960474,5321.56%31.91154123
1955439,2231.15%29.54154120
1950414,7600.00%27.89151118

Timor-Leste Population by Year (Historical)

Year Population Growth Rate Density (km²) Population Rank Density Rank
20201,318,4451.96%88.66156121
20251,446,5061.87%97.28154119
20301,574,0571.70%105.85154115
20351,695,7641.50%114.04153110
20401,809,2751.30%121.67153108
20451,916,1101.15%128.86152106
20502,019,2911.05%135.80151103
20552,116,2810.94%142.32150102
20602,202,7710.80%148.14148100
20652,274,6950.65%152.9714899
20702,330,1580.48%156.7014799
20752,369,9240.34%159.3814797
20802,395,4290.21%161.0914597
20852,408,0640.10%161.9414396
20902,408,0820.00%161.9414296
20952,396,109-0.10%161.1414296

Timor-Leste Population by Year (Projections)

Timor-Leste Population Pyramid 2020

Timor-Leste Median Age

18.9


Total

18.3


Male

19.6


Female

Timor-Leste Population by Age

There are 717,552 adults in Timor-Leste.

Timor-Leste Population Pyramid

Timor-Leste, also known as East Timor and officially the Democratic Republic of Timor-Leste, is a country in Southeast Asia. It is made up of the eastern half of Timor island, nearby islands of Jaco and Atauro, and Oecusse, an exclave on the island within Indonesian West Timor. The population is mostly concentrated around Dili, the largest city and capital, with a population of 234,000.

Timor-Leste Demographics

The term Maubere was used by the Portuguese to refer to native East Timorese and usually used as a synonym for the uneducated and illiterate, although it is now used as a term of pride. Maubere have many different ethnic groups, many of which are of mixed Malayo-Polynesian and Melanesian/Papuan descent.

The largest Malayo-Polynesian group are the Tetum (100,000), who live around Dili, followed by the Mambai (80,000) in the mountains, the Tukudede (63,000) around Liquica and Maubara, the Galoli (50,000), the Kemak (50,000) in north-central Timor island, and the Baikeno (20,000).

The main groups of Papuan origin are the Bunak (50,000) in the central region of Timor island, the Fataluka (30,000) near Lospalos and the Makasae at the eastern end of the island.

There is also a large population of people of mixed East Timorese and Portuguese origin called mesticos, and a small Chinese minority.

Timor-Leste is one of just two predominantly Roman Catholic countries in Asia, along with the Philippines.

Timor-Leste History

It is believed that descendants from three separate migration waves continue to live in East Timor, including the Australoid indigenous people from Australia and New Guinea, who arrived 40,000 years ago.

In the 16th century, Timor-Leste was colonized by Portugal and known as Portuguese Timor. The Portuguese established outposts in the area. During World War II, it was occupied by the Japanese and the struggle to defeat the Japanese by Allied forces and East Timorese volunteers led to the deaths of up to 70,000 East Timorese. Portugal effectively abandoned its colony in 1974, and Timor-Leste declared independence in 1975 but was invaded and occupied by Indonesia. The Indonesian occupation was marked by violence and brutality, which killed about 100,000 people. In 1999, Indonesia relinquished control of the territory.

Timor-Leste Today

Nearly 37% of the population lives below the international poverty line of $1.25 UDS per day, and 50% of the population is illiterate. The country still struggles with the aftereffects of its struggle for independence from Indonesia, which killed a minimum of 100,000 people.

About Timor-Leste