Timor-Leste Population 2020

1,312,304

Timor-Leste, also known as East Timor and officially the Democratic Republic of Timor-Leste, is a country in Southeast Asia. It is made up of the eastern half of Timor island, nearby islands of Jaco and Atauro, and Oecusse, an exclave on the island within Indonesian West Timor. In 2020, the estimated population of Timor-Leste is 1.32 million, which ranks 156th in the world.

The population is mostly concentrated around Dili, the largest city and capital, with a population of 234,000. The population of 1.32 million is substantially higher than the 2000 population of just 853,000.

Timor-Leste Demographics

The term Maubere was used by the Portuguese to refer to native East Timorese and usually used as a synonym for the uneducated and illiterate, although it is now used as a term of pride. Maubere have many different ethnic groups, many of which are of mixed Malayo-Polynesian and Melanesian/Papuan descent.

The largest Malayo-Polynesian group are the Tetum (100,000), who live around Dili, followed by the Mambai (80,000) in the mountains, the Tukudede (63,000) around Liquica and Maubara, the Galoli (50,000), the Kemak (50,000) in north-central Timor island, and the Baikeno (20,000).

The main groups of Papuan origin are the Bunak (50,000) in the central region of Timor island, the Fataluka (30,000) near Lospalos and the Makasae at the eastern end of the island.

There is also a large population of people of mixed East Timorese and Portuguese origin called mesticos, and a small Chinese minority.

Timor-Leste is one of just two predominantly Roman Catholic countries in Asia, along with the Philippines.

Timor-Leste History

It is believed that descendants from three separate migration waves continue to live in East Timor, including the Australoid indigenous people from Australia and New Guinea, who arrived 40,000 years ago.

In the 16th century, Timor-Leste was colonized by Portugal and known as Portuguese Timor. The Portuguese established outposts in the area. During World War II, it was occupied by the Japanese and the struggle to defeat the Japanese by Allied forces and East Timorese volunteers led to the deaths of up to 70,000 East Timorese. Portugal effectively abandoned its colony in 1974, and Timor-Leste declared independence in 1975 but was invaded and occupied by Indonesia. The Indonesian occupation was marked by violence and brutality, which killed about 100,000 people. In 1999, Indonesia relinquished control of the territory.

Timor-Leste Today

Nearly 37% of the population lives below the international poverty line of $1.25 UDS per day, and 50% of the population is illiterate. The country still struggles with the aftereffects of its struggle for independence from Indonesia, which killed a minimum of 100,000 people.

Components of Population Change

One birth every 14 minutes
One death every 69 minutes
One net migrant every 103 minutes
Net gain of one person every 21 minutes

Timor-Leste Population in 2018Source: By Alex Castro [CC BY 2.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0)], via Wikimedia Commons

Timor-Leste Population Pyramid 2020

Timor-Leste Population by Age

There are 717,552 adults in Timor-Leste.

Census Years

Year Date
201525 July 2015
201025 July 2010
200411 July 2004
199031 October 1990
Official NameDemocratic Republic of Timor-Leste
Languages SpokenPortuguese, Tetum
Is LandlockedNo
Latitude/Longitude-8.83, 125.92
Currencies UsedUnited States Dollar
DemonymEast Timorese
BordersIndonesia
Name Population Location
Dili150,000Map
Maliana22,000Map
Suai21,539Map
Likisa19,000Map
Aileu17,356Map
Lospalos17,186Map
Maubara16,300Map
Venilale16,000Map
Baukau16,000Map
Ainaro12,000Map
Gleno8,133Map
Same7,500Map
Viqueque6,078Map
Pante Makasar4,730Map
Manatutu1,924Map

Timor-Leste Population Clock

The population of Timor-Leste (as of 4/2/2020)?1,312,304
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2020)1,318,445
Births Per Day104
Deaths Per Day21
Net Migrations Per Day-14
Net Change Per Day69
Population Change Since January 1st6,417

Timor-Leste Population Estimator

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Estimate as of April 2nd 2020 is: 1,312,270

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
20201,318,44550.53%49.47%88.641561.96%
20191,293,11950.54%49.46%86.941561.98%
20181,267,97450.54%49.46%85.251561.99%
20171,243,25850.55%49.45%83.591571.97%
20161,219,28850.55%49.45%81.971561.92%
20151,196,30250.55%49.45%80.431561.81%
20101,093,52350.55%49.45%73.521571.90%
2005995,13550.51%49.49%66.901562.39%
2000884,36650.52%49.48%59.461560.93%
1995844,33450.46%49.54%56.771562.73%
1990737,81450.51%49.49%49.601572.35%
1985657,05350.62%49.38%44.171581.84%
1980599,90550.63%49.38%40.33157-0.95%
1975629,22750.76%49.24%42.301541.94%
1970571,56550.78%49.22%38.431541.92%
1965519,68650.77%49.23%34.941541.83%
1960474,53250.74%49.26%31.901541.56%
1955439,22350.71%49.29%29.531541.15%
1950414,76050.61%49.39%27.881510.00%
Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
20201,318,44550.53%49.47%88.641560.00%
20251,446,50650.51%49.49%97.251541.87%
20301,574,05750.47%49.53%105.831541.70%
20351,695,76450.43%49.57%114.011531.50%
20401,809,27550.38%49.62%121.641531.30%
20451,916,11050.33%49.67%128.821521.15%
20502,019,29150.28%49.72%135.761511.05%
20552,116,28150.23%49.77%142.281500.94%
20602,202,77150.17%49.83%148.101480.80%
20652,274,69550.11%49.89%152.931480.64%
20702,330,15850.05%49.95%156.661470.48%
20752,369,92450.00%50.00%159.331470.34%
20802,395,42949.96%50.04%161.051450.21%
20852,408,06449.94%50.06%161.901430.11%
20902,408,08249.94%50.06%161.901420.00%
20952,396,10949.96%50.04%161.09142-0.10%
  1. Direcção Nacional de Estatística
  2. World Population Prospects (2019 Revision) - United Nations population estimates and projections.

    Total population: Estimated to be consistent with censuses from 1950 through 2010, and with estimates of the subsequent trends in fertility, mortality and international migration.

  3. GeoNames Gazetteer