Turks and Caicos Islands – or simply Turks and Caicos – is one of the 14 British Overseas Territories. This territory is made up of two groups of islands: the Caicos Islands and the Turks Islands. According to the 2012 census, there are 31,458 people living in Turks and Caicos. This makes it the third most populous British Overseas Territory. There are a total of 30 islands, with only eight that are inhabited.
The capital of Turks and Caicos is Cockburn Town, which is located on Grand Turk Island, the largest island of the Turks Islands. There is a population of about 3,700 people living in this city. However, it is not the most populous city. The most populous city is Providenciales. This city, which is located in Caicos Islands, has a population of 23,769 based on the results of the 2012 census.
In total, the islands have a land area of about 170 square miles. This gives the islands a very small population density of just over 207 people per square mile.
Over half of the population, or 57.5% to be more specific, is made up of immigrants. The major ethnic group in Turks and Caicos is African. Africans make up about 87% of the total population. Other minority ethnic groups include Europeans and East Indians.
Turks and Caicos has seen significant population growth in recent years. A population that was just over 5,600 at the beginning of the 20th century has grown steadily since the 1980s. In fact, the population between the 2000 and 2012 censuses showed that population grew by over 57% in a span of just 12 years.
The official language of Turks and Caicos is English, although much of the population speaks Turks and Caicos Islands Creole. There are also large populations that speak Spanish and Haitian Creole. In terms of religion, nearly three-quarters of the population has Christian beliefs. The largest group is made up of Baptists, but other religions include Church of God and Roman Catholicism.
Turks and Caicos has become a popular tourist destination, with many cruise ships from the United States making it a port of call. Many celebrities have also vacationed in Turks and Caicos or purchased vacation homes there, putting more of a spotlight on the islands that boast beautiful beaches and attractions including the Turks & Caicos Music and Cultural Festival.