Death Rate by Country 2022

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The death rate, also known as mortality rate, is the measure of the number of deaths in a particular population during a particular period of time. Typically, it is calculated as the number of deaths per one thousand people per year. Countries with high mortality rates and relatively low fertility rates and birth rates face the risk of population decline. Death rates vary significantly between countries, and as a rule, developed countries, have a lower death rate than do developing countries, whose health care networks and facilities are less robust. In fact, many of the least developed countries may struggle to provide basic human needs such as potable water, adequate food, and sanitation, which increases the risk of disease and other health complications.

Factors that influence a country's death rate

Proper diet and exercise, clean water, and quality health care are the factors that have the greatest impact on mortality rates. Diet and exercise are particularly important: According to the Global Health Data Exchange, cardiovascular disease—which is typically caused by obesity stemming from unhealthy eating habits—was the leading cause of death worldwide from 1990-2019. Diabetes, which is also diet-related, ranked 9th. While it would be reasonable to suspect that developed countries would also be the most obese countries and countries with the highest diabetes rates due to the abundance of processed and "junk" food, they actually tend to also be among the healthiest countries in the world thanks to their more advanced health care systems. That said, even the most modernized health care system has its limits. As such, cancer remains the second-leading cause of death in the world, especially in countries with high rates of smoking and/or alcoholism.

Mortality rates can also see temporary spikes due to less predictable causes of death. Particularly in countries at war or undergoing some other form of civil unrest, gun deaths can boost mortality rates. So can outbreaks of disease. For example, the COVID-19 pandemic is expected to create a significant spike in 2020-21 mortality data.

Top 10 Countries with the Highest Death Rates (per 1,000 people) — United Nations 2015-2020:

  1. Bulgaria — 15.4
  2. Ukraine — 15.2
  3. Latvia — 14.6
  4. Lesotho — 14.3
  5. Lithuania — 13.6
  6. Serbia — 13.2
  7. Croatia — 13.1
  8. Romania — 13.0
  9. Georgia — 12.8
  10. Russia — 12.7

1. Bulgaria

Bulgaria has the highest mortality rate in the world at 15.4 deaths per 1,000 people. According to the World Health Organization, the causes of death in Bulgaria are similar to those in other European countries, including non-communicable diseases (diseases of the circulatory, digestive, or respiratory systems) and cancers. Bulgaria is currently experiencing a population decline, starting at about 9 million in 2000 and is expected to fall to between 2.8 million and 5 million.

2. Ukraine

Ukraine has the second-highest mortality rate of 15.2 deaths per 1,000 people. Ukraine is considered to be in a demographic crisis because of its high mortality rate and low birth rate. Overall, Ukraine's health care system is poorly financed, and the country has very low vaccination rates and high rates of diseases and disorders that could be better managed with increased funding. One factor contributing to the mortality rate is the high death rate of working-age males from preventable causes such as alcohol poisoning and smoking. Additionally, Ukraine has one of the fastest-growing HIV/AIDS epidemics globally and suffered one of the worst measles epidemics in the world in 2019.

3. Latvia

Latvia's mortality rate is 14.6 per 1,000 people. Latvia also has an underfunded health care system. Although life expectancy has significantly improved in Latvia, the country still lags behind the rest of the European Union, driven by greater exposure to risk factors among men, people with low education, and people with low income. Those with low education levels in Latvia have a life expectancy that is ten years lower than those with high education. Some common risk factors among Latvians are smoking, binge drinking, and obesity.

4. Lesotho

With a mortality rate of 14.3 deaths per 1,000 people, Lesotho has the world's fourth-highest mortality rate. According to the CDC, the life expectancy at birth in Lesotho is 56 years for females and 52 years for males. The infant mortality rate is 59 per 1,000 live births. The leading causes of death are HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis, stroke, lower respiratory infections, and ischemic heart disease.

5. Lithuania

Lithuania's death rate is 13.737 deaths per 1,000. The World Health Organization reports that ischemic heart diseases and stroke are the two leading causes of death in Lithuania, with mortality rates four and two times above the average rates in the European Union respectively. Due to high smoking rates, lung cancer is now the third leading cause of death in Lithuania. Lithuania also has the lowest life expectancy in the EU of 74.8 years.

6. Serbia

Serbia's death rate is 13.2 per 1,000, the sixth-highest in the world. According to a study, Serbia's mortality rate was lowest in the 1960s, where it was between 8 and 9 deaths per 1,000. During the beginning 21st century, the rate was much higher, reaching 14 deaths per 1,000 at its highest. Demographically, Serbia is one of the oldest nations in Europe, and its aging population has a large role in its death rate. Additionally, chronic non-communicable diseases and cardiovascular disease are the two leading causes of death. Serbia is also among the world's ten countries with the highest smoking rate.

7. Croatia

Croatia's mortality rate is 13.1 deaths per 1,000 people. The leading causes of death in Croatia are ischemic heart disease, stroke, Alzheimer's, and lung cancer. About 25% of Croatian citizens smoke tobacco every day, higher than the EU average. Additionally, obesity rates are rising, especially in children, where the rate has grown more than 50% since 2001. While life expectancy has improved since 2000, rising from 74.6 to 78.3, it is still three years below the EU average.

8. Romania

Romania's death rate is the eighth-highest in the world at 13.0 deaths per 1,000. The leading causes of death in Romania are cardiovascular disease, malignant tumors, digestive diseases, accidents, injuries and poisonings, and respiratory diseases. Additionally, the infant mortality rate in Romania is the highest in the EU at about 8 per 1,000. This is often attributed to a shortage of doctors. About 43,000 doctors have left Romania since 2007 to look for opportunities elsewhere.

9. Georgia

Georgia has a mortality rate of 12.8 deaths per 1,000. According to the World Health Organization, the leading causes of death are the same in most European nations: cancer, circulatory, respiratory, and digestive diseases, and injuries and poisoning. The premature mortality rate (for individuals under 65) has increased since 2000, with diseases of the circulatory system and cancers cited as the leading causes of death. Several risk factors for non-communicable diseases are common among the Georgian people, including smoking tobacco, alcohol use, and overweight/obesity. The highest risk factors associated with disease in Georgia are dietary risks, high blood pressure, high body mass index, and tobacco use.

10. Russia

Russia finishes the ten countries with the highest death rates with a death rate of 12.7 per 1,000. More than half of the deaths in Russia are caused by cardiovascular disease. The second-most-common cause of death is cancer, followed by suicide, road accidents, homicide, and alcohol poisoning. Alcohol abuse is a significant problem in Russia, especially for men. The life expectancy is 66.4 years for men and 77.2 years for women.

Top 10 Countries with the Lowest Death Rates (per 1,000 people) — United Nations 2015-2020:

  1. Qatar — 1.2
  2. United Arab Emirates — 1.5
  3. Bahrain — 2.4
  4. Oman — 2.4
  5. Kuwait — 2.7
  6. Maldives — 2.8
  7. Saudi Arabia — 3.5
  8. Palestine (U.N. observer state) — 3.5
  9. Jordan — 3.9
  10. Solomon Islands — 4.3

Countries with low mortality rates have more advanced and accessible health care, better-informed citizens, healthier nutritional options, and higher living standards overall. Qatar has the lowest mortality rate in the world at 1.2 deaths per 1,000 people. This low mortality rate can be attributed to Qatar's improved health care system, renowned for its technologically advanced facilities and ability to deliver some of the world's best patient care.

Death Rate by Country 2022

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Death Rate by Country 2022

Country Crude Death Rate (per 1k) - UN 2015-2020 Death Rate (per 100k) - GHDE 2019 Total Deaths - GHDE 2019
Bulgaria15.401,791124,226
Ukraine15.201,586698,663
Latvia14.601,43227,427
Lesotho14.301,55532,514
Lithuania13.601,37838,501
Serbia13.201,345117,629
Croatia13.101,23152,311
Romania13.001,366262,811
Georgia12.801,34849,418
Russia12.701,2191,788,286
Belarus12.601,282121,777
Hungary12.501,332128,868
Central African Republic12.401,27867,755
Chad12.20955156,649
Nigeria12.007421,593,180
Sierra Leone11.9084670,114
Estonia11.601,21115,889
Moldova11.601,11240,998
Germany11.201,130959,889
Somalia10.90906184,231
Greece10.801,245128,669
Montenegro10.701,0956,794
Bosnia And Herzegovina10.601,13437,424
Portugal10.601,093116,387
South Sudan10.6078472,739
Czech Republic10.501,069113,803
Italy10.501,065642,342
Japan10.401,0961,400,013
Ivory Coast10.20697182,433
Poland10.101,057406,277
North Macedonia10.001,11724,047
Slovenia9.901,00320,813
Armenia9.9092727,978
Slovakia9.901,00354,549
Austria9.9092582,490
Belgium9.80999114,074
Mali9.80919201,433
Guinea Bissau9.7077914,816
Finland9.701,01456,113
Denmark9.7095455,374
DR Congo9.60643564,091
Grenada9.50877819
Uruguay9.5098533,847
South Africa9.50939521,802
Eswatini9.401,01311,566
Equatorial Guinea9.405377,618
Cameroon9.40712207,271
United Kingdom9.40925621,815
Puerto Rico9.3093432,906
France9.30911603,278
Saint Vincent And the Grenadines9.209071,026
Sweden9.2091893,801
North Korea9.10904237,057
Barbados9.001,0393,093
Benin9.0073593,065
Spain9.00931428,577
Cuba8.90933105,984
Netherlands8.70915157,008
United States8.708982,946,456
Togo8.6067653,555
Haiti8.6080499,708
Mozambique8.60897264,784
United States Virgin Islands8.501,2301,279
Guinea8.50904114,265
Niger8.40870202,621
Mauritius8.3083910,713
Trinidad And Tobago8.3084811,765
Burkina Faso8.30889201,814
Angola8.30614184,934
Malta8.208613,780
Namibia8.2078718,907
Myanmar8.20770420,932
Fiji8.108147,419
Zimbabwe8.10843126,523
Gambia8.0060113,505
Norway8.0077441,386
Switzerland8.0079669,817
Burundi8.0069983,466
Ghana8.00660208,182
Seychelles7.80781797
Albania7.8083322,671
Canada7.70789288,193
Jamaica7.6069919,658
Liberia7.6062129,750
Argentina7.60773348,823
Thailand7.60710497,502
Papua New Guinea7.5070769,785
Taiwan7.50785185,365
Guyana7.408676,684
Suriname7.307594,371
Comoros7.307015,007
Mauritania7.3052320,981
Tonga7.20643658
Eritrea7.2064743,395
Sudan7.20495202,165
India7.206759,391,549
Saint Lucia7.108051,406
Luxembourg7.106704,147
Djibouti7.106307,575
Kazakhstan7.10758139,467
China7.1074910,653,448
Cyprus7.006638,707
New Zealand7.0076734,498
Turkmenistan7.0066133,620
El Salvador7.0064340,199
Venezuela7.00666186,929
Pakistan7.006691,499,878
Gabon6.9067211,767
Republic of the Congo6.8067835,713
Azerbaijan6.8073175,129
Bolivia6.8063275,910
Malawi6.80633116,671
Iceland6.706132,113
Bahamas6.707252,731
Uganda6.70590242,799
Ethiopia6.70520559,997
Micronesia6.60524939
Zambia6.60676123,355
Sri Lanka6.60621135,633
Australia6.60695170,852
Laos6.5062144,457
Afghanistan6.50657251,418
Tanzania6.50625354,351
Nepal6.40636193,331
Brazil6.406511,411,016
Indonesia6.406571,705,895
Antigua And Barbuda6.30689610
Kiribati6.309701,151
Bhutan6.305644,252
Mongolia6.3073424,859
Tunisia6.3058467,618
Vietnam6.30656631,818
Kyrgyzstan6.1053134,676
Dominican Republic6.1064870,545
Chile6.10621113,086
Madagascar6.10615164,161
Timor Leste6.005817,756
Ireland6.0065932,354
Cambodia6.00668110,851
Yemen6.00554174,542
Mexico6.00591738,425
South Korea5.90597318,631
Botswana5.8090521,172
Senegal5.8059489,909
Uzbekistan5.80605203,599
Egypt5.80567561,556
Philippines5.80570638,801
Cape Verde5.606213,501
Paraguay5.5049334,171
Syria5.5058384,425
Peru5.50448152,433
Colombia5.50516246,679
Kenya5.50585293,888
Bangladesh5.50533849,561
Turkey5.40559454,742
Vanuatu5.307592,237
Israel5.3051547,925
Rwanda5.3054068,571
Guam5.206611,128
Samoa5.206471,367
Panama5.1047619,798
Nicaragua5.1044829,196
Libya5.1047031,660
Ecuador5.1052692,531
Malaysia5.10562175,876
Morocco5.10635228,124
Costa Rica5.0051824,416
Sao Tome And Principe4.904921,011
Tajikistan4.9051348,703
Iran4.90464391,113
Guatemala4.8053394,821
Iraq4.80426179,615
Belize4.704851,990
Algeria4.7048120,111
Singapore4.4041023,222
Honduras4.4053652,569
Solomon Islands4.309496,221
Lebanon4.3065433,858
Jordan3.9027732,265
Palestine3.5033516,608
Saudi Arabia3.50360128,507
Maldives2.803011,502
Kuwait2.7022610,013
Bahrain2.402964,266
Oman2.4027012,374
United Arab Emirates1.5031529,113
Qatar1.201544,421
Tokelau0.0078711
Niue0.001,19220
Nauru0.0063367
Tuvalu0.00910107
Cook Islands0.00920165
Palau0.001,159209
San Marino0.00911302
Monaco0.001,394524
Saint Kitts And Nevis0.00840500
American Samoa0.00445383
Greenland0.00855480
Marshall Islands0.00743422
Bermuda0.00905580
Dominica0.001,070735
Andorra0.00746620

Death Rate by Country 2022

Sources