The Falkland Islands is an archipelago located on the Patagonia Shelf in the Atlantic Ocean. The Falkland Islands is made up of hundreds of islands. This British Overseas Territory consists of West Falkland, East Falkland, and 776 other smaller islands. The Falkland Islands govern themselves, but the United Kingdom administers defense and foreign affairs. In the 1980s, the Falkland Islands were a British Dependent Territory before becoming a British Overseas Territory in 2002. Falkland Islanders are considered British citizens.
The Falkland Islands are made up of about 4,700 square miles of land. The population is quite small at 3,398 inhabitants. With a population density of less than one person per square mile, this is one of the least densely populated regions in the world.
There are several ethnic groups that live in the Falkland Islands. Native-born residents that are of British descent make up the majority. Other ethnicities found on the island include Scandinavians, Gibraltarians, and French. Approximately 43% of people that live in the Falkland Islands were born there, according to data from the last census taken in 2016.
In the 20th century, the islands were plagued with a loss of population as many people moved overseas to take advantage of better job and educational opportunities. However, this trend has reversed in recent years as more people are coming to the islands from places including the United Kingdom and Chile.
Stanley is the largest settlement of the Falkland Islands, as well as the most populous. There are over 2,000 residents in this settlement. There are more males than females living in the Falkland Islands, with 53% male and 47% percent female residents. The majority of inhabitants are Christian, based on the last census, and is the chosen religion of about 66% of islanders. Most of the remaining inhabitants do not have a religious affiliation, although a very small minority follows other religions including Island and Buddhism.