Northern Mariana Islands is a commonwealth of the United States and is located in the Pacific Ocean. It first became a commonwealth in 1978. Prior to this, the area was part of German New Guinea and the South Pacific Mandate. The region is made up of 14 islands that cover over 183 square miles. Based on the last census taken in the U.S. in 2010, the population of Northern Mariana Islands is 53,883. This puts the population at a low 292.7 people per square mile. The latest estimates taken in 2017 show that the population has grown to over 55,000 inhabitants.
Even though the population is on the rise, the population has not reached its peak. This occurred in 2000, when nearly 70,000 people inhabited the islands. Economic crises and a decline in tourism are just a few of the factors that contributed to the loss of population.
The capital of Northern Mariana Islands is Saipan. Saipan is the largest island and is home to most Marianas. U.S. Census Bureau estimates show that over 52,000 live in Saipan, making it the most populous municipality.
The major ethnic group of Northern Mariana Islands is Filipino. Over one-third of inhabitants are Filipino. Other ethnic groups in this area include Chamorro, Chinese, Carolinian, Korean, and Palauan. In total, Asian groups make up nearly half of the total population.
Northern Mariana Islands has three official languages. Those are English, Carolinian, and Chamorro. However, these aren’t the only languages spoken in this region. Philippine languages, Pacific Island languages, and Chinese are also spoken by inhabitants of the islands.
The dominant religion in this area is Catholicism, with over 64% of people following the Roman Catholic faith. However, there are other minority religions in the area. On Northern Mariana Islands, you’ll find Buddhists, Protestants, Hindus, Muslims, and Jews – just to name a few religious groups.