Early Voting By State 2020

Early voting permits citizens to cast ballots in person at polling places before an Election Day. Early voting locations are designated by the local officials who are in charge of elections and are announced no later than 30 days before Election Day. The time frame between when early voting begins and ends varies by state.

States that permit no-excuse early voting do not require voters to provide an excuse for being unable to vote on Election Day. Some states allow voters to cast absentee ballots in person.

As of December 2019, 38 states and the District of Columbia permitted no-excuse early voting. An additional three states, Colorado, Oregon, and Washington, utilized all-mail voting systems and eliminated the need for early voting.

Below are each state’s early voting rules.

Alabama

  • No early voting

Alaska

  • Early voting begins 15 days before election day and ends on the day of the election
  • Locations: Election supervisor’s offices and other locations designated by election director
  • Hours vary by location

Arizona

  • Early voting begins 26 days before election day and ends the Friday before election day
  • Locations: recorder’s office and other locations in the county that the recorder deems necessary
  • Hours are unspecified

Arkansas

  • Early voting begins 15 days before election day and ends at 5 PM on the Monday before election day
  • Locations: offices of county clerk and other locations determined by the county board of election commissioners
  • Hours are unspecified

California

  • Early voting begins 29 days before election day and ends the day before the election
  • Locations: county election officials’ offices and other locations as determined by county election officials
  • Hours vary from county to county

Colorado

  • All mail-in voting system

Connecticut

  • No early voting

Delaware

  • Early voting begins at least 10 days before election day and ends the Sunday before the election
  • Locations: designated by state election commissioner and there is at least one location per county.
  • Early voting locations must be open at least 8 hours per day and must be open at 7 a.m. on at least five days of early voting. Closing time is 7 p.m. This includes the Saturday and Sunday before the election

District of Columbia

  • Early voting starts 7 days before the election and in-person absentee voting is available 15 days before. Early voting ends the Saturday before the election for early voting and the day before for in-person absentee voting.
  • Locations: Council Chambers and one satellite location in each ward.
  • Hours: 8:30 a.m. to 7 p.m. excluding Sunday.

Florida

  • Early voting starts 10 days before the election and may be offered 11 to 15 days before at the discretion of the elections supervisor. Early voting ends 3 days before the election or 2 days before at the discretion of the elections supervisor.
  • Locations: main or branch offices of elections supervisors and other sites designated by the elections supervisor.
  • Hours: no less than 8 or more than 12 hours per day.

Georgia

  • Early voting starts the fourth Monday before a primary or election, or as soon as possible before a runoff. Early voting ends the Friday before the election day.
  • Locations: Board of Registrars’ offices and other sites designated by the board of registrars
  • Hours: Normal business hours on weekdays. 9 a.m. to 4 p.m. on the second Saturday before the election. Officials may provide voting beyond regular business hours.

Hawaii

  • Early voting begins 10 working days before the election and ends the Saturday before the election
  • Locations: clerks’ offices and other sites designated by clerks
  • Hours: determined by county clerk

Idaho

  • Early voting begins the third Monday before the election and ends at 5 p.m. on the Friday before the election
  • Locations: determined by the county clerk
  • Hours are unspecified

Illinois

  • Early voting begins the 40th day before the election for temporary polling locations and the 15th day before the election for permanent polling locations. Early voting ends at the end of the day before election day.
  • Locations: municipal clerk’s office, township clerk’s office, road district clerk’s office, county or local public agency office, public universities.
  • Hours: Permanent early voting locations must remain open from the fifteenth day before an election during the hours of 8:30 a.m. to 4:30 p.m. or 9 a.m. to 5 p.m. on weekdays. Beginning eight days before an election, they must remain open 8:30 a.m. to 7 p.m. or 9 a.m. to 7 p.m. on weekdays, 9 a.m. to noon on Saturdays and holidays, and 10 a.m. to 4 p.m. on Sundays. Permanent early voting locations must stay open at least 8 hours on any holiday and a total of at least 14 hours on the final weekend during the early voting period. Election authorities may decide the days and hours for temporary early voting locations, beginning the fortieth day before an election.

Indiana

  • Early voting begins 28 days before the election and ends at noon the day before the election
  • Locations: office of circuit court clerk and satellite offices established by the circuit court clerk if approved by the county election board
  • Hours: At least 7 hours on both Saturdays preceding election day. Counties with fewer than 20,000 voters may reduce this to four hours.

Iowa

  • Early voting begins 29 days before election day and ends at 5 p.m. the day before the election
  • Locations: commissioners’ offices and satellite locations established by the commissioner.
  • Hours: A satellite location established by petition must be open at least one day for a minimum of six hours.

Kansas

  • Early voting begins 20 days before the election or the Tuesday before the election (depending on the county) and ends at noon the day before the election
  • Locations: offices of county election officers and designated satellite locations
  • Hours are unspecified

Kentucky

  • No early voting

Louisiana

  • Early voting begins 14 days before the election and ends 7 days before the election
  • Locations: registrars’ offices and an alternate location in the courthouse or a public building in the immediate vicinity and one branch office of the registrar
  • Hours: 8:30 a.m. to 6 p.m. Monday through Saturday excluding holidays

Maine

  • In-person absentee voting begins as soon as the ballots are ready (30-45 days before the election) and ends 3 business days before the election.
  • Locations: municipal clerks’ offices
  • Hours: during regular business hours on days when the clerks’ offices are open

Maryland

  • Early voting begins the second Thursday before a primary or election and ends the Thursday before the election
  • Locations: locations are established by the State Board of Elections in collaboration with local boards and range from one to five locations depending on county populations
  • Hours: 8 a.m. to 8 p.m. in a presidential election and 10 a.m. to 8 p.m. in all other elections

Massachusetts

  • Early voting starts 11 days before the election and ends the second business day before the election (Friday before)
  • Locations: city hall election office and town clerks’ offices. Additional locations at the discretion of the city or town registrar
  • Hours: regular business hours (additional hours may be provided by city or town clerks)

Michigan

  • In-person absentee voting starts 40 days before the election and ends the day before the election
  • Locations: at least one location
  • Hours: during regular business hours and for at least 8 hours during the Saturday and/or Sunday before the election. Additional hours may be provided by local officials

Minnesota

  • Early voting begins 46 days before the election and ends at 5 p.m. on the day before the election
  • Locations: elections offices or any other location designated by the county auditor
  • Hours: Regular business hours Monday through Friday, 10 a.m. to 3 p.m. on the Saturday before the election, and 10 a.m. to 5 p.m. on the day before the election.

Mississippi

  • No early voting

Missouri

  • No early voting

Montana

  • Early voting begins 30 days before the election and ends the day before the election
  • Locations: election offices
  • Hours are unspecified

Nebraska

  • Early voting begins 30 days before the election and ends the day before the election
  • Locations: county clerk or election commissioners’ offices
  • Hours are unspecified

Nevada

  • Early voting begins on the third Saturday before the election and ends the Friday before the election
  • Locations: permanent places and branch polling places for early voting as designated by the county clerk
  • Hours: at least eight hours per day Monday through Friday as designated by the clerk. At least four hours every Saturday within the early voting period

New Hampshire

  • No early voting

New Jersey

  • Early voting begins 45 days before the election and ends at 3 p.m. the day before the election
  • Locations: offices of the county clerk
  • Hours are unspecified

New Mexico

  • Early voting begins the third Saturday before the election and ends the Saturday before the election
  • Locations: clerks’ offices and Class A counties with more than 200,000 registered voters: clerk must establish at least 12 alternate locations. Class A counties with 200,000 or fewer registered voters: clerk must establish at least 4 alternate locations. Non-class A counties with more than 10,000 registered voters: clerk must establish at least one alternate location
  • Non-class A counties with 10,000 or fewer registered voters: clerk’s office and alternate locations as designated by clerk

New York

  • Early voting starts the 10th day before the election and ends the second day before the election
  • Locations: at least one early voting location for every 50,000 registered voters in each county but no more than seven are required. At least one location is required for counties with less than 50,000 voters. Locations must be able to provide adequate and equitable access.
  • Hours: at least eight hours between 7 a.m. and 8 p.m. each weekday during the early voting period. At least one early voting site needs to be open until 8 p.m. on at least two weekdays each week. Every weekend and holiday, locations must be open for at least five hours between 9 a.m. and 6 p.m.

North Carolina

  • Early voting begins the third Wednesday before the election and ends at 7 p.m. on the last Friday before the election
  • Locations: office of county board of elections and any additional locations chosen by the county board of elections and approved by the state board of elections.
  • Hours: regular business hours at the board of elections Monday through Friday. If the board of elections decides to open polling locations on a weekend, the location must be open for the same number of hours across all county locations.

North Dakota

  • Early voting begins 15 days before the election and ends the day before the election
  • Locations: at the discretion of the county auditor
  • Hours: chosen by the county auditor

Ohio

  • Early voting begins 28 days before the election and end at 2 p.m. on the Monday before the election
  • Locations: Main office of the board of elections and at a branch office under certain conditions
  • Hours: 8 a.m. to 5 p.m. Monday through Friday with extended evening hours the week before the election. 8 a.m. to 4 p.m. on Saturday and 1 p.m. to 5 p.m. on the Sunday before the election

Oklahoma

  • Early voting starts the Thursday before an election and ends at 2 p.m. on the Saturday before the election
  • Locations: at a location designated by the county election board. Counties with more than 25,000 voters or larger than 1,500 square miles must have more than one location
  • Hours: 8 a.m. to 6 p.m. on Thursday and Friday and 8 a.m. to 2 p.m. on Saturday

Oregon

  • All-mail voting

Pennsylvania

  • No early voting

Rhode Island

  • No early voting

South Carolina

  • No early voting but you can vote absentee in-person between 29 days and 1 day before the election as long as you have a valid excuse

South Dakota

  • Early voting begins 45 days before the election and ends 5 p.m. the day before the election
  • Locations: office of the person in charge of elections
  • Hours: regular office hours

Tennessee

  • Early voting begins 20 days before the election and ends 5 days before the election (7 if for a presidential primary)
  • Locations: County election commission office
  • Hours: offices must be open a minimum of three consecutive hours on weekdays and Saturdays between 8 a.m. and 6 p.m. On at least three of the days, offices must be open between 4:30 p.m. to 7 p.m. and at least one Saturday from 8 a.m. to 4 p.m.

Texas

  • Early voting begins 17 days before the election and ends four days before the election
  • Locations: at the offices of the county clerks or elsewhere as determined by the clerk
  • Hours: during business hours on weekdays unless there are fewer than 1,000 voters (three hours per day) or more than 100,000 voters (at least 12 hours per day during the last week)

Utah

  • Early voting begins 14 days before the election and ends the Friday before the election
  • Locations: in government offices as determined by the election officer
  • Hours: at least four days per week and on the last day of the early voting period. The election officer may choose to conduct early voting on a weekend or holiday

Vermont

  • Early voting begins 45 days before the election and ends at 5 p.m. the day before the election
  • Locations: offices of the town clerks and mobile polling stations if the town clerks make them available
  • Hours: regular business hours and a minimum of eight hours between 8 a.m. and 5 p.m. on the two Saturdays before the election

Washington

  • All-mail voting

West Virginia

  • Early voting begins 13 days before the election and ends 3 days before the election
  • Locations: courthouse or the annex next to the courthouse. The county commission may designate additional locations subject to requirements from the Secretary of State
  • Hours: normal business hours during weekdays and 9 a.m. to 5 p.m. on Saturdays

Wisconsin

  • Early voting starts 14 days before the election and ends the Sunday before the election
  • Locations: clerks’ offices
  • Hours: a municipality shall specify the hours

Wyoming

  • Early voting begins 40 days before the election and ends the day before the election
  • Locations: county clerks’ offices or the courthouse or other public buildings
  • Hours: must be open regular hours on normal business days

Early Voting By State 2020

State 2020 Pop.
Alabama4,908,620
Alaska734,002
Arizona7,378,490
Arkansas3,039,000
California39,937,500
Colorado5,845,530
Connecticut3,563,080
Delaware982,895
District of Columbia720,687
Florida21,993,000
Georgia10,736,100
Hawaii1,412,690
Idaho1,826,160
Illinois12,659,700
Indiana6,745,350
Iowa3,179,850
Kansas2,910,360
Kentucky4,499,690
Louisiana4,645,180
Maine1,345,790
Maryland6,083,120
Massachusetts6,976,600
Michigan10,045,000
Minnesota5,700,670
Mississippi2,989,260
Missouri6,169,270
Montana1,086,760
Nebraska1,952,570
Nevada3,139,660
New Hampshire1,371,250
New Jersey8,936,570
New Mexico2,096,640
New York19,440,500
North Carolina10,611,900
North Dakota761,723
Ohio11,747,700
Oklahoma3,954,820
Oregon4,301,090
Pennsylvania12,820,900
Rhode Island1,056,160
South Carolina5,210,100
South Dakota903,027
Tennessee6,897,580
Texas29,472,300
Utah3,282,120
Vermont628,061
Virginia8,626,210
Washington7,797,100
West Virginia1,778,070
Wisconsin5,851,750
Wyoming567,025