A drilling rig is an apparatus constructed for oil drilling. The term “rig” generally refers to the equipment used to penetrate the Earth’s crust.
Oil and natural gas drillings rigs are used to identify geologic reservoirs and create holes to extract oil or natural gas from those reservoirs. Onshore oil and gas fields typically have a larger rig that drills a well, which is then replaced with a smaller service rig that gets the well on line.
According to the Baker Hughes Company, the number of active oil and natural gas rigs in the United States is at its lowest point on record. On June 19, 2020, the number of active rigs was 266, the lowest since the Bakers Hughes Company started collecting data in 1987.
The top three U.S. crude oil-producing regions in the United States are the Permian region in southeastern New Mexico and western Texas, the Eagle Ford region in southern Texas, and the Bakken region in Montana and North Dakota. The top five oil-producing states are Texas (41%), North Dakota (11%), New Mexico (8%), Oklahoma (5%), and Colorado (4%).
Below is each state’s rig count according to the most recent Baker Hughes data. Rig counts include off-shore rigs.