Legal (with restrictions)

Legal

Encouraged

Hover overClick on a tile for details.

States Where It Is Illegal To Collect Rainwater 2021

Rainwater harvesting is the accumulation and storage of rainwater, rather than allowing it to run off, to reuse it for on-site purposes. Simply installing a system in one's home makes it easy to utilize Earth's hydrological cycle. Allowing people to collect rainwater on their own properties reduces the demand from water facilities and improves conservation efforts. Rainwater harvesting is common in homesteading.

The Federal Government does not have any laws or restrictions regarding rainwater harvesting. Most states allow citizens to collect rainwater and even encourage them to do so. Rhode Island, Texas, and Virginia encourage residents to collect rainwater by offering a tax credit or exemption for equipment purchased for rainwater harvesting.

Some states currently have restrictions on the amount of rainwater that can be collected and how it is collected; however, it is not entirely illegal to collect rainwater in any of the 50 states.

Some of these restrictions believe that the harvesting would disrupt rain's natural flow back into streams and bodies of water on the Earth. According to a study by the Scientific World Journal, the amount of rainwater collected by individual homes would have little to no effect on the hydrological cycle, especially because homeowners would use this water for their yards or gardens so that it would return to the Earth.

In Western states, restrictions exist because old water laws stated that all precipitation belonged to existing water-rights owners. These laws were known as prior appropriation, or "first-come, first-serve" laws for settlers in the Old West.

Rainwater harvesting poses a health problem, as some water may be unsafe and unsuitable for potable purposes (i.e., drinking). This is something legislators must take into consideration.

Rainwater Harvesting Laws for by State

Alabama

Rainwater harvesting is considered a private property right. There are no current regulations for rainwater harvesting.

Alaska

Rainwater harvesting is unrestricted as it is the primary source of water for many residents. Groundwater harvesting is regulated and can be purchased as a water right.

Arizona

Rainwater harvesting is legal. House Bill 2830 allows cities and towns to establish a fund for rainwater harvesting systems.

Arkansas

Rainwater harvesting is allowed with some minor restrictions. The Arkansas Code Annotated Rainwater § 17-38-201 states that harvested rainwater can be used for non-potable purposes if the harvesting system is designed by a professional engineer licensed in Arkansas, is designed with appropriate cross-connection safeguards, and complies with Arkansas Plumbing Code.

California

The Rainwater Capture Act of 2012 states that residential, commercial, and governmental landowners may install, maintain, and operate rainwater capture systems for specified purposes.

Colorado

According to House Bill 16-1005, residents are allowed to collect rainwater in two rain barrels with a combined capacity of 110 gallons. The collected water can only be used on the property where it was collected and for outdoor purposes.

Connecticut

There are no restrictions on rainwater harvesting, and the state's citizens are encouraged to collect rainwater.

Delaware

There are no restrictions on rainwater harvesting. Delaware sponsors incentive programs encouraging rainwater harvesting.

Florida

There are no rainwater harvesting restrictions in Florida, and it is highly encouraged by the state. Several local municipalities encourage rainwater harvesting with tax incentives and rebate programs.

Georgia

Rainwater harvesting must only be used for outdoor purposes and is closely regulated by the Department of Natural Resources in the Environmental Protection Division.

Hawaii

There are no rainwater harvesting restrictions, and rainwater harvesting is highly encouraged.

Idaho

Residents can capture rainwater and diffused surface waters on their own property as long as it does not cause injury to others' existing water rights and is not rainwater that has entered natural waterways.

Illinois

Rainwater harvesting is highly regulated in Illinois. Plumbing-Rainwater Systems Bill SB0038 states that collected rainwater collected can only be used for non-potable purposes, and rainwater-harvesting systems must be constructed in accordance with the Illinois Plumbing Code.

Indiana

There are no restrictions or regulations on rainwater harvesting, and it is highly encouraged by the state.

Iowa

There are no rainwater harvesting restrictions or regulations.

Kansas

Rainwater harvesting is legal, and no permit is needed if the water is used for domestic purposes such as household use, watering livestock on pasture, or for lawns and gardens.

Kentucky

There are no rainwater harvesting restrictions or regulations.

Louisiana

Rainwater collection is legal, but state statutes require covers for large collection tanks (cisterns).

Maine

There are no rainwater harvesting restrictions or regulations.

Maryland

There are no rainwater harvesting restrictions or regulations. Some counties offer incentives for rainwater collection.

Massachusetts

Rainwater harvesting is legal and encouraged.

Michigan

Rainwater harvesting is legal and encouraged.

Minnesota

Rainwater harvesting is legal and encouraged.

Mississippi

Rainwater harvesting is legal.

Missouri

Rainwater harvesting is legal and encouraged.

Montana

Rainwater harvesting is legal and encouraged.

Nebraska

Rainwater harvesting is legal and promoted by several universities in the state.

Nevada

NB74 allows for rainwater collection under a water right grant, which must be used for intended purposes or risk being revoked. Assembly Bill 198 states that the Legislative Committee on Public lands will review alternative water sources, including rainwater harvesting.

New Hampshire

Rainwater harvesting is legal and encouraged.

New Jersey

Rainwater harvesting is legal. Assembly Bill 2442 requires the Department of Environmental Protection to establish a Capture, Control, and Conserve Reward Rebate Program for property owners who use eligible techniques on their properties.

New Mexico

Rainwater harvesting is legal and encouraged.

New York

Rainwater harvesting is legal, encouraged, and taught in New York.

North Carolina

Rainwater harvesting is legal, with two laws regulating it. House Bill 609 states that the Department of Environment and Natural Resources will provide statewide assistance and ensure the best water reuse and rainwater harvesting practices. Senate Bill 163 recognizes the benefit of harvesting rainwater for the state's future water supply.

North Dakota

Rainwater harvesting is legal and encouraged.

Ohio

Rainwater harvesting is legal for both non-potable and potable uses, as long as the water system is providing drinking water to fewer than 25 people (Ohio Rev. Code §3701.344).

Oklahoma

Rainwater harvesting is legal. The Water for 2060 Act initiates grants for water conservation projects, such as campaigns for harvesting rainwater.

Oregon

Rainwater harvesting is legal, but rainwater can only be collected from systems on rooftop surfaces.

Pennsylvania

Rainwater harvesting is legal and encouraged.

Rhode Island

Rainwater harvesting is legal, and citizens are provided incentives for harvesting. House Bill 7070 gives a tax credit for 10% of the cost of installing a cistern to individuals or businesses who do.

South Carolina

Rainwater harvesting is legal and encouraged.

South Dakota

Rainwater harvesting is legal.

Tennessee

The enactment of Senate Bill 2417/ House Bill 1850 allows for green infrastructure practices, making rainwater harvesting legal.

Texas

Rainwater harvesting is legal with some regulations. House Bill 3391 states that the collection system needs to be incorporated into the building's design and a written notice needs to be given to the municipality.

Utah

Rainwater harvested is allowed on land owned or leased by the person responsible for the collection. According to Senate Bill 32, additional regulations exist depending on if a person is registered with the Division of Water Resources or not. A registered person may store no more than 2,500 gallons of rainwater, and an unregistered person may use no more than two containers at 100 gallons or less per container.

Vermont

Rainwater harvesting is legal.

Virginia

Senate Bill 1416 grants an income tax credit to citizens who install rainwater-harvesting systems. Virginia Code §32.1-248.2 states that The Department of the state, in conjunction with the Department of Environmental Quality, shall promote the use of rainwater to help reduce freshwater consumption, promote conservation and reduce demand on water supply systems.

Washington

Rainwater collection is legal. A water permit is not required for rooftop harvesting systems.

West Virginia

Rainwater harvesting is legal.

Wisconsin

Rainwater harvesting is legal.

Wyoming

Rainwater harvesting is legal.

States Where It Is Illegal To Collect Rainwater 2021

State Legal Status 2021 Pop.
ConnecticutEncouraged3,552,821
DelawareEncouraged990,334
FloridaEncouraged21,944,577
HawaiiEncouraged1,406,430
IndianaEncouraged6,805,663
MarylandEncouraged6,065,436
MassachusettsEncouraged6,912,239
MichiganEncouraged9,992,427
MinnesotaEncouraged5,706,398
MissouriEncouraged6,169,038
MontanaEncouraged1,085,004
NebraskaEncouraged1,951,996
New HampshireEncouraged1,372,203
New MexicoEncouraged2,105,005
New YorkEncouraged19,299,981
North DakotaEncouraged770,026
PennsylvaniaEncouraged12,804,123
Rhode IslandEncouraged1,061,509
South CarolinaEncouraged5,277,830
VirginiaEncouraged8,603,985
AlabamaLegal4,934,193
AlaskaLegal724,357
ArizonaLegal7,520,103
IowaLegal3,167,974
KansasLegal2,917,224
KentuckyLegal4,480,713
MaineLegal1,354,522
MississippiLegal2,966,407
New JerseyLegal8,874,520
OklahomaLegal3,990,443
South DakotaLegal896,581
TennesseeLegal6,944,260
VermontLegal623,251
WashingtonLegal7,796,941
West VirginiaLegal1,767,859
WisconsinLegal5,852,490
WyomingLegal581,075
ArkansasLegal (with restrictions)3,033,946
CaliforniaLegal (with restrictions)39,613,493
ColoradoLegal (with restrictions)5,893,634
GeorgiaLegal (with restrictions)10,830,007
IdahoLegal (with restrictions)1,860,123
IllinoisLegal (with restrictions)12,569,321
LouisianaLegal (with restrictions)4,627,002
NevadaLegal (with restrictions)3,185,786
North CarolinaLegal (with restrictions)10,701,022
OhioLegal (with restrictions)11,714,618
OregonLegal (with restrictions)4,289,439
TexasLegal (with restrictions)29,730,311
UtahLegal (with restrictions)3,310,774

States Where It Is Illegal To Collect Rainwater 2021