Arizona Population 2021

7,520,103
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This shows growth of about half a million from the official 2010 census results, which recorded a population of 6,392,017. From 1990 to 2000, Arizona was the second fastest growing state, increasing its population by nearly 40 percent. From 2010 to 2015, Arizona was the seventh fastest-growing state, posting a cumulative growth of 6.82%.

Arizona Area and Population Density

Although Arizona is the sixth largest state in the USA by area, it is the 14th largest state by population size. Since becoming the 48th state to be admitted to the USA in 1912, Arizona has grown rapidly from 200,000 people to nearly seven million today. Much of that growth has come in the past 40 years -- in 1970 there were less than two million people in Arizona.

The population of Arizona is concentrated around Phoenix, the state capital, and Tucson, the second largest city in the state. The largest county in Arizona by population count is Maricopa County, which is home to 4.1 million of the state's 6.9 million people. Containing over 60% of the state's population, Maricopa encompasses nine of the state's ten largest cities. Arizona features an average population density of 63 people per square mile with approximately 113,594 square miles of area in the state.

Arizona Gender and Religion Statistics

37.1 is the median age in Arizona, with females sitting at 50.3% and males at 49.7%

In terms of preferred religions over the state, 67% Arizonians identify under the Christian faith, with 6% non-Christian faiths rounding out the 27% that have no affiliation with either.

Arizona Historical Boundary, Census, and Statehood

Arizona was acquired from Mexico in 1848 and 1853. It was established as a territory in 1863 from New Mexico Territory, and acquired essentially its present boundaries in 1866. Arizona was admitted as a State on February 14, 1912.

In 1850, the present-day Arizona area had no census coverage. The 1860 population is for Arizona County, New Mexico Territory, which comprised most of present-day Arizona south of the Gila River. Northern and central Arizona first had census coverage in 1870.

Arizona Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Arizona was:

  • White: 77.22%
  • Other race: 6.53%
  • Black or African American: 4.50%
  • Native American: 4.50%
  • Two or more races: 3.73%
  • Asian: 3.31%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.21%

Arizona Population History

Arizona was admitted to the Union in 1912 as the final state of the lower 48. Arizona's population at statehood was just over 200,000 people, which ranked 45th of the 48 states . In the hundred years since, its population has grown rapidly, consistently posting annual growth rates of over 3%.

Arizona Population Growth

Since the most recent official estimate from the US Census in 2015 (6,828,065), we estimate that the population has increased by nearly 100,000. If this rate is sustained, Arizona will surpass 8 million citizens by 2026 (as projected by Arizona Office of Economic Opportunity in 2018), becoming the 12th state to reach this mark.

Arizona Population Projections

Although growing at a rate faster than the national average, Arizona's growth rate is declining compared to its past trajectory toward a growth rate of 1.5%. By 2020, Arizona is projected to hit a population of 7,286,000 and to cross the 8,000,000 threshold by 2028.

Taking into account origin, 30.7% of people in Arizona report Hispanic or Latino origin. The largest individual ancestry group in Arizona is Mexican (25.8%), followed by German (16.5%), English (10.3%) and Irish (10.9%%).

Some experts believe that Arizona will become a minority-majority state by the year 2027 based on current demographic trends. Beginning in 2003, the number of births to Hispanics outnumbered the number of births by non-Hispanic whites. While this trend continued for several years after that, the trend reversed in 2011. The southern and central regions of the state remain mostly inhabited by Mexican Americans.

The population of African Americans within the state has also grown significantly in recent years, with Phoenix's population in this demographic doubling from 1990 to 2005. Asian Americans also inhabit the state, with the largest subgroup being Filipinos, with over 53,000 recorded during the 2010 Census.

Arizona's Native American population is one of the largest in the US (only California and Oklahoma have more). The state is also home to more speakers of Native American languages than any other state -- more than 85,000 people are able to speak Navajo and more than 10,000 are able to speak Apache.

Arizona Growth Rate

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Arizona Population Rank

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Arizona Population 2021

  • The copper star on Arizona's state flag represents the state's role as the largest copper producer in the US.
  • Arizona is one of the oldest Indian settlements in the country.
  • One-fourth of the state is made up of forests, including the 11.2 million acre National Forest.
  • The bridge at Lake Havasu is constructed of the stones used to construct the original London Bridge.
  • The state has over 3,900 mountain peaks and summits.
  • The Grand Canyon, one of Arizona's most famous landmarks, has exposed stone that dates back over 1 billion years.
  • Jerome, Arizona, was once a copper mining town. Once the mines closed, the population dropped to just 50 people.
  • Arizona has the highest amount of land designated as Indian land.
  • The oldest Indian settlement, Oraibi, is located in Arizona.

Arizona Facts

Overall, most of the counties in Arizona have experienced growth between the Census taken in 2010 and the Census Bureau estimates taken in 2015. Greenlee County, located right along the eastern border of the state, has seen the most growth during this time period, posting a 14.27% population increase over 5 years. Trailing behind is Maricopa County, which has experienced 8.95% growth during the same time period. Neighboring Pima County has grown by 7.17%, followed by Yavapai County at 7.17%.

As far as population declines, Arizona has fared better than many other states that have seen significant declines in recent years. The biggest drop came in the southeastern county of Cochise County, which had a population decline of 4.08%. La Paz County, Santa Cruz County and Gila County round out the remaining counties that have experienced population declines from 2010 to 2015.

Arizona Population Growth Rate by County

Arizona Population Density by County

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage
White5,444,45377.22%
Some Other Race460,2626.53%
Black or African American317,4624.50%
American Indian and Alaska Native317,4144.50%
Two or More Races263,0373.73%
Asian233,2133.31%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander14,4580.21%
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Arizona Population by Race

Arizona Population Pyramid $2021

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Arizona Median Age

38


Total

36


Male

39


Female

Arizona Adults

There are 5,414,955 adults, (1,206,748 of whom are seniors) in Arizona.

Arizona Age Dependency

68

Age Dependency Ratio

29

Old Age Dependency Ratio

39

Child Dependency Ratio

Arizona Sex Ratio

Female

3,545,790

50.29%

Male

3,504,509

49.71%

Arizona Population by Age

Arizona Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

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Arizona Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married79%21%
All64%36%
Non Family53%47%
Male52%48%
Female47%53%

64.0%

Rate of Home Ownership

Arizona Households and Families

Type Count Average Size Owned
All2,571,268364
Married1,224,380379
Non Family892,070153
Female313,455447
Male141,363452

3

Average Family Size

3

Average Household Size

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Arizona Households by Type

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Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade257,9485.45%
9th to 12th Grade350,6897.41%
High School Graduate1,129,12923.86%
Some College1,191,92825.19%
Associates Degree408,3128.63%
Bachelors Degree869,45218.37%
Graduate Degree525,07411.09%
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Arizona Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Arizona Educational Attainment by Race

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Race Total High School Bachelors
White2,930,3392,763,7631,047,452
Hispanic1,205,553842,038160,835
Other Race265,023170,63726,575
Black196,606176,36849,892
Native American185,746144,67819,792
Asian163,645144,27993,656
2+ Races109,08395,95531,245
Islander9,4558,1621,837

The highest rate of high school graduation is among white people with a rate of 94.32%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among asian people with a rate of 57.23%.

Arizona Educational Attainment by Race

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Name Average Male Female
Overall$38,470$43,468$32,746
Less Than 9th Grade$23,176$26,428$18,549
High School Graduate$30,424$33,572$25,536
Some College$36,809$43,030$31,451
Bachelors Degree$52,892$64,232$44,561
Graduate Degree$67,140$84,402$55,394

$38,470

Average Earnings

$43,468

Average Male

$32,746

Average Female

Arizona Earnings by Educational Attainment

Arizona Language by Age

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Arizona Language

72.86% of Arizona residents speak only English, while 27.14% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 20.44% of the population.

Arizona Language

Arizona Poverty by Race

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Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
Hispanic2,156,773465,27021.57%
White3,782,642376,6109.96%
Other446,444103,81923.25%
Native308,309101,49232.92%
Black302,47461,52420.34%
Multiple255,27244,40317.39%
Asian229,03027,75412.12%
Islander13,3342,18216.36%

15.15%

Overall Poverty Rate

14.20%

Male Poverty Rate

16.06%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Arizona

The race most likely to be in poverty in Arizona is Native, with 32.92% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Arizona is White, with 9.96% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 3.44%. Among those working part-time, it was 18.16%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 21.48%.

Arizona Poverty

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Name Poverty
Less Than 9th Grade26.85%
High School15.01%
Some College10.29%
Bachelors or Greater5.08%

Arizona Poverty Rate by Education

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Rate Poverty
Female Unemployed34.70%
Male Unemployed30.36%
Female Employed7.92%
Male Employed7.15%

Arizona Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Arizona Income by Household Type

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Name Median Mean
Households$58,945$80,779
Families$70,184$93,002
Married Families$83,360$107,342
Non Families$37,744$53,575
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Income by Household Type

Arizona Marital Status

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Marriage Rates

47.0%

Overall Marriage Rate

48.0%

Male Marriage Rate

46.0%

Female Marriage Rate

Arizona Married by Age and Sex

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Arizona Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 35-44.

Arizona Marital Status by Race

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Arizona Marital Status

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488,061

Number of Veterans

444,346

Male Veterans

43,715

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Vietnam182,856
First Gulf War98,127
Second Gulf War89,748
Korea42,665
World War II15,564

Arizona Veterans by War

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Age Group Veterans
65 to 74132,432
75+125,377
35 to 54106,056
55 to 6481,261
18 to 3442,935

Arizona Veterans by Age

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Name Veterans % of Total
White429,35410.05%
Hispanic59,9804.05%
Black22,7279.78%
Other Race10,0523.08%
Native American9,9604.46%
2+ Races9,8866.99%
Asian5,2752.80%
Islander8077.37%

Arizona Veterans by Race

Arizona Veterans by Education

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6.98%

Veteran Poverty Rate

29.82%

Veteran Disability Rate

Arizona Veterans by Education

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60%

Labor Force Participation

56%

Employment Rate

6%

Unemployment Rate

Arizona Employment by Age

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Arizona Employment by Race

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Arizona Employment by Education

Origin of Non-Citizens

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Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

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39.58%

Born in Arizona

86.66%

Native Born

13.34%

Foreign Born

7.53%

Non Citizen

5.81%

Naturalized

Place of Birth

86.66% of Arizona residents were born in the United States, with 39.58% having been born in Arizona. 7.53% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.

Arizona Place of Birth