Colorado Population 2022

5,922,618
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This estimate is calculated from projecting the most recent Census estimates. The last official population count for Colorado was taken during the 2010 Census. At that time, it was found that the population was 5,029,196.

The 2010 Census numbers represented a rise of 16.9% from the 2000 census survey, when 4,301,262 residents were shown to be living in Colorado. Updated estimates arrive on a yearly basis, and in 2015, it was reported that the numbers in Colorado had increased to 5,456,574.

The 2015 estimate reflects an 8.5% increase since the last census. With a yearly growth rate of 1.85% in 2016, Colorado is the second fastest-growing state in the US. The largest city, and the capital of Colorado, is Denver. This capital city boasts over 700,000 individuals.

Colorado Area and Population Density

With a large surface area of 104,094 square miles (269,837 square kilometers) Colorado is the eighth largest state in the USA, but it is relatively sparsely populated when compared to the overall size. Some of the terrain is harsh, and the vast Rocky Mountain range accounts for a significant proportion of the state’s land mass.

As a result of these land conditions, there are approximately 52 people per square mile (19.9 per square kilometer) and that makes Colorado only the 37th biggest state in terms of population density.

Colorado Gender and Religion Statistics

The median age is 36.4, with 49.8% Female, and 50.1% Male. In religious terms, Colorado's individuals report 64% affiliated with the Christian faith, 5% non-Christian, and 29% are not affiliated.

Colorado Boundary, Census, and Statehood History

Although part of Colorado was acquired as early as the Louisiana Purchase of 1803, it had no organized government until 1850, when parts of the present State were included in New Mexico and Utah Territories. Colorado was established as a territory in 1861 with its present boundaries, from parts of Kansas, Nebraska, New Mexico, and Utah Territories. The 1860 population is the total enumerated within the 1861 boundaries. Colorado was admitted as a State on August 1, 1876. Present-day Colorado had no census coverage in 1850, and none in 1860 for the portion taken from Utah Territory.

Colorado Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Coloradowas:

  • White: 81.52%
  • Two or more races: 5.93%
  • Black or African American: 4.15%
  • Other race: 4.11%
  • Asian: 3.20%
  • Native American: 0.94%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.16%

Colorado’s Population History

Historically, Colorado’s location in the middle of the USA made it a popular route for those traveling through the new world. Many liked the state so much that they chose to settle there, and the evidence of that is clear from the earliest censuses.

Back in 1861, the Colorado Territory population was declared at 25,371 and ten years later, there had been just a modest rise of 16.3% to 39,864. However, by 1880 that figure had almost quadrupled and the census from that year reveals a total population of 194,327 -- an increase of 387.5% from the 1870 numbers.

Colorado Population Growth

Although that was by far the biggest increase in population in decade terms, further significant rises followed this initial boom, and by the beginning of the 20th century, Colorado’s numbers had grown to 539,700. In the latter half of the 1900s, increases in the region of 30% from census to census took the population of Colorado past the 5 million mark in 2012.

Colorado Population Projections

Many states in the US have shown growth at every census, but Colorado's population is actually growing faster now than it did during the 20s, 30s, and 40s. The current growth is already causing housing shortages and increased traffic as Denver and Colorado Springs try to address the increased immigration.

Like most states across the US, the population of Colorado is growing, but the growth has been significant in past years. Increases between censuses of 30% are not uncommon, and if that trend continues, the numbers could comfortably exceed 6 million at the next census in 2020. Some estimates have placed the 2040 population as high as 7.8 million.

Approximately 10% of the population of Colorado is made up of immigrants. These immigrants, according to data from 2011, make up over 11% of workers for the state of Colorado.

Estimates also show that 34.9% of the Latino population is under the age of 18, ountumbering African Americans (25%), Asian Americans (23%), and non-Hispanic Whites (19.3%) in the under-18 age bracket. There are higher proportions of Hispanics located in Colorado Springs, Metro Denver, Pueblo, and Greeley, with a large percentage of descendents of early Mexican settlers. The state has the fifth largest Mexican-American population in the nation, as well as the sixth highest percentage of Mexican-Americans.

Colorado also has large communities of African American residents located in Denverand Colorado Springs. Asian-Americans are also found throughout the state, particularly in the south and southeast areas of Denver. This includes Mongolians, Koreans, Filipinos, and Chinese residents. The Denver metropolitan area is considered to be one of the most racially diverse in the state.

Colorado Population 2022

Colorado Facts

Colorado County Growth

From the time of the 2010 Census until 2015 when the US Census Bureau took population estimates, several counties in the state posted significant growth rates. The counties with the highest growth are all neighboring, beginning with Larimer County and Weld County along the northern border, and ending with El Paso County. With a growth rate of 13.14%, Denver County had the highest recorded population growth during the 5-year period.

Just as some Colorado counties saw growth, others posted declining populations during the same time period. The southwestern county of Bent had the highest decline of 10.43%. while neighboring Las Animas County has the second largest decline of 8.68%. Other counties that saw decreases in population include Moffatt County, Hinsdale County, and Kit Carson County.

Colorado Population Growth Rate by County

Colorado Population Density by County

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage
White4,634,30581.52%
Black or African American235,6924.15%
American Indian and Alaska Native53,6710.94%
Asian181,7333.20%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander8,8830.16%
Some Other Race233,4134.11%
Two or More Races337,2295.93%
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Colorado Population by Race

Colorado Population Pyramid 2022

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Colorado Median Age

36.9


Total

36


Male

37.9


Female

Colorado Adults

There are 4,425,895 adults, (808,337 of whom are seniors) in Colorado.

Colorado Age Dependency

57.1

Age Dependency Ratio

22.3

Old Age Dependency Ratio

34.8

Child Dependency Ratio

Colorado Sex Ratio

Female

2,822,773

49.65%

Male

2,862,153

50.35%

Colorado Population by Age

Colorado Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

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Colorado Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married81.4%18.6%
All66.2%33.8%
Male56.4%43.6%
Female51.9%48.1%
Non Family50.1%49.9%

66.2%

Rate of Home Ownership

Colorado Households and Families

Type Count Average Size Owned
All2,137,4022.666.2
Married1,069,6663.2281.4
Male95,6103.4856.4
Female193,6273.5851.9
Non Family778,4991.4150.1

3.19

Average Family Size

2.6

Average Household Size

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Colorado Households by Type

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Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade128,6233.30%
9th to 12th Grade180,1624.62%
High School Graduate827,08121.20%
Some College809,90820.76%
Associates Degree332,1278.51%
Bachelors Degree1,015,98926.05%
Graduate Degree606,86415.56%
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Colorado Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Colorado Educational Attainment by Race

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Race Total High School Bachelors
Asian124,755107,04964,239
White2,829,4852,732,8671,355,628
2+ Races167,542147,37654,967
Black151,239136,92241,155
Islander5,7825,1921,491
Native American35,92630,3977,115
Hispanic689,442515,929119,312
Other Race144,275100,84020,269

The highest rate of high school graduation is among white people with a rate of 96.59%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among asian people with a rate of 51.49%.

Colorado Educational Attainment by Race

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Name Average Male Female
Overall$45,559$52,563$38,475
Less Than 9th Grade$29,258$34,745$20,810
High School Graduate$35,143$40,149$28,577
Some College$40,012$47,442$33,008
Bachelors Degree$55,870$69,257$46,237
Graduate Degree$71,561$90,697$59,804

$45,559

Average Earnings

$52,563

Average Male

$38,475

Average Female

Colorado Earnings by Educational Attainment

Colorado Language by Age

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Colorado Language

83.63% of Colorado residents speak only English, while 16.37% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 11.25% of the population.

Colorado Language

Colorado Poverty by Race

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Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
Native50,5109,05417.93%
Black224,10837,63716.79%
Hispanic1,203,064178,41814.83%
Other230,82633,23614.40%
Multiple330,75243,00713.00%
Islander8,6261,02411.87%
Asian178,06917,7939.99%
White3,764,977288,5267.66%

9.78%

Overall Poverty Rate

8.97%

Male Poverty Rate

10.60%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Colorado

The race most likely to be in poverty in Colorado is Native, with 17.93% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Colorado is White, with 7.66% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 1.94%. Among those working part-time, it was 14.31%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 17.22%.

Colorado Poverty

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Name Poverty
Less Than 9th Grade19.01%
High School10.85%
Some College8.63%
Bachelors or Greater3.96%

Colorado Poverty Rate by Education

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Rate Poverty
Male Employed4.39%
Male Unemployed23.87%
Female Employed6.25%
Female Unemployed25.13%

Colorado Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Colorado Income by Household Type

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Name Median Mean
Households$75,231$100,933
Families$92,752$119,073
Married Families$105,271$132,827
Non Families$47,627$65,208
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Income by Household Type

Colorado Marital Status

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Marriage Rates

49.8%

Overall Marriage Rate

50.0%

Male Marriage Rate

49.6%

Female Marriage Rate

Colorado Married by Age and Sex

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Colorado Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 35-44.

Colorado Marital Status by Race

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Colorado Marital Status

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370,677

Number of Veterans

330,426

Male Veterans

40,251

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Second Gulf War98,147
First Gulf War96,182
Vietnam124,558
Korea22,853
World War II7,449

Colorado Veterans by War

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Age Group Veterans
18 to 3442,495
35 to 54100,671
55 to 6467,286
65 to 7488,161
75+72,064

Colorado Veterans by Age

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Name Veterans % of Total
White317,8538.71%
Black20,92812.06%
Native American3,7528.98%
Asian4,9933.50%
Islander90913.60%
Other Race9,0155.27%
2+ Races13,2276.47%
Hispanic41,6355.03%

Colorado Veterans by Race

Colorado Veterans by Education

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6.00%

Veteran Poverty Rate

26.16%

Veteran Disability Rate

Colorado Veterans by Education

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68.2%

Labor Force Participation

64.3%

Employment Rate

4.6%

Unemployment Rate

Colorado Employment by Age

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Colorado Employment by Race

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Colorado Employment by Education

Origin of Non-Citizens

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Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

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42.31%

Born in Colorado

90.51%

Native Born

9.49%

Foreign Born

5.23%

Non Citizen

4.26%

Naturalized

Place of Birth

90.51% of Colorado residents were born in the United States, with 42.31% having been born in Colorado. 5.23% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.

Colorado Place of Birth

  1. Colorado State Demography Office
  2. US Census State Population Estimates - Most recent state estimates from the Census Bureau's Population Estimates Program
  3. US Census County Population Estimates - Most recent county estimates from the Census Bureau's Population Estimates Program
  4. American Community Survey (2009 - 2013)
  5. Census QuickFacts
  6. Historical Populations of States and Counties (1790 - 1990)

Sources