At the time of the 2010 Census, the population of Delaware was recorded at 897,934, which represented a 14.6% rise on the 2000 figure of 783,600. An estimate in 2015 claims that the population within the state had risen to 945,934, and this would make Delaware the 45th largest state in the USA as far as population. Based on growth rates from the last year, Delaware is the 14th fastest growing state at a rate of 1.05%.
Delaware’s territory equates to just 2,490 square miles (6,452 square kilometers) of area managed by the state, and for every square mile of land, there is an average of 460.8 people. This makes Delaware's population density the 6th highest in the US.
The largest city in Delaware is Wilmington, with a population of 71,146 people. The largest county is New Castle, which is one of only three counties in the state. See more below for interactive graphs and charts concerning changes in population over time.
The median age is 39.6 years of age, with a slight gender gap of 51.6% females, and 48.4% males in the state.
In religious terms, Delaware's population is split, with 69% associating with Christianity, 6% non-Christian faiths, and 23% unaffiliated individuals.
According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Delaware was:
Like most states on the eastern edge of the United States, Delaware has enjoyed comparatively high and steady population statistics since the early settlers arrived in the 18th century. In 1790, the early census showed the numbers within the state to be 59,096, and ten years later at the start of the next century, that figure had grown by just 8.8% to 64,273.
Similar increases were experienced throughout the 1800s, and by 1860 the population of Delaware went beyond 100,000 for the first time. From this point, the percentage rise in census on census figures regularly exceeded 10% with one notable spike coming in 1960 when a rise of over 40% from 1950’s figures took the population to 446,292.
Delaware has enjoyed steady, if unspectacular, growth since it first came into existence, and there is no reason to suggest that this won’t continue. The question for many observers is how close the numbers can get to the one million mark by the time of the next Census in 2020. Estimates put the population of Delaware in 2020 right around 1 million based on current growth rates.
By projecting the current growth rates out to 2020, we end up with an estimate of 995,764 for 2020, just shy of the 1 million total.
Delaware is ranked as one of the top ten states when it comes to the proportion of African American residents compared to the total population. With over 20% of its population identifying as Black or African American, this puts Delaware in eighth place when compared to the other US states.
According to data from 2011, almost half of Delaware residents under the age of 1 belonged to minority groups. Between the census in 2000 and the one taken in 2010, the Hispanic population increased by over 86%, and the current estimated population of Hispanics is around 9%, mostly comprised of Puerto Ricans and Mexicans.
The largest ancestry groups in the state include Irish, German, English and Italian. The state is becoming more diverse, and in 2014, it was predicted that Delaware would be the 14th most diverse state in the nation, with the number of Hispanic residents expected to be 2.6 times higher than it is in 2016 and with the non-Hispanic white population decreasing to 59%.
When evaluating populations by county, Delaware is quite easy to evaluate as the state has just three counties. Unlike many states in the United States, which have a balance of declining and increasing populations, all three counties in Delaware -- New Castle, Kent, and Sussex -- posted population growths between the 2010 Census and estimates taken in 2015.
Sussex County, the southernmost county, posted the highest growth of 8.96%. This was followed by the central county of Kent, with an increase of 6.47%, and northernmost county New Castle, with a recorded population growth of 3.32%.
Black or African American
Two or more races
Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander
Average Family Size
Average Household Size
Rate of Home Ownership
Less Than 9th Grade
9th to 12th Grade
High School Graduate
High School Graduation Rate
The highest rate of high school graduation is among white people with a rate of 83.65%.
The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among asian people with a rate of 56.09%.
Other Indo-European Languages
Asian and Pacific Island Languages
86.28% of Delaware residents speak only English, while 13.72% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 7.16% of the population.
Overall Poverty Rate
Male Poverty Rate
Female Poverty Rate
The race most likely to be in poverty in Delaware is Multiple, with 28.21% below the poverty level.
The race least likely to be in poverty in Delaware is White, with 8.97% below the poverty level.
The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 2.2%. Among those working part-time, it was 14%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 16.88%.
Overall Marriage Rate
Male Marriage Rate
Female Marriage Rate
The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 45-54.
Second Gulf War
First Gulf War
World War II
Less Than 9th Grade
High School Graduate
Bachelors or Greater
Veteran Poverty Rate
Veteran Disability Rate
Labor Force Participation
Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.
Born in Delaware
88.3% of Delaware residents were born in the United States, with 43.15% having been born in Delaware. 4.44% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.