Georgia Population 2021

10,830,007
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This value is based on the most recent Census estimates. The last confirmed population for Georgia was recorded during the last nationwide census, which took place in 2010. When the survey was completed, the results revealed that 9,687,653 people were living within the state.

The recorded population in 2010 of 9,687,653 represented a rise of 18.3% on the numbers in 2000, which reached 8,186,453. An estimate released in July 2015 suggested that the population of Georgia had risen to 10,214,860. With the 10th fastest growth rate of 1.19%, the population of Georgia first surpassed 10 million residents in 2013.

Georgia Population Density and Area

Situated in the southeastern corner of the United States, Georgia is the 24th largest US state when it comes to sheer land mass. The total surface area is 59,425 square miles (or 153,909 square kilometers) and for every square mile of Georgian territory, there is an average of 168.4 people.

Georgia ranks 18th in the United States in population density.

The largest city in Georgia by population is Columbus. The county with the highest population in Georgia is Fulton county, with over 1 million residents.

Georgia Gender and Religion Statistics

The median age in Georgia is 36.2 years of age, with a gender difference of 51.3% females and 48.7% males across the state.

In religious terms, Georgia shows a 79% affiliation with any Christian based faith, a 3% preference to non-Christian based faiths, and 18% ambivalence or non-preference toward religion over the entire state.

Georgia Boundary, Census and Statehood History

Georgia was one of the 13 original States, obtaining statehood in 1788). At the close of the Revolution it included most of present-day Alabama and Mississippi, an area which finally became Mississippi Territory in 1802. In that year Georgia reached essentially its present boundaries, although survey uncertainties resulted in continuing disputes with bordering States over subsequent decades.

Census coverage in 1790 and 1800 was limited to the eastern portions of the present State near the Savannah River and the Atlantic coast; there was no coverage of present-day Alabama or Mississippi. The population for 1810 excludes 1,026 persons in (old) Walton County, reported as a Georgia county but later determined to be in North Carolina. Census coverage of the State was relatively complete by 1840.

Georgia Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Georgia was:

  • White: 58.62%
  • Black or African American: 31.61%
  • Asian: 3.98%
  • Other race: 2.81%
  • Two or more races: 2.56%
  • Native American: 0.36%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.06%

Georgia Population History

It may be something of a generalization, but it’s fair to say that as far as population history is concerned, the western and eastern halves of the United States tend to follow two distinct patterns.

In the east, where the first settlers arrived in the 18th century, numbers were healthy from the very start, but in the west they were sparse to start with -- barely over a thousand at the first recorded censuses in some cases.

Georgia tends to reflect this generalization. In 1790, recorded figures show that 82,548 people were living within the state. However, unlike other eastern states where population growth remained steady, Georgia’s increases were quite phenomenal, and just ten years later, the population had almost doubled to 162,686.

That rise proved to be the biggest spike in Georgia’s history but further, substantial growth was to follow, and by 1860, the numbers in the state had comfortably exceeded one million.

Georgia Population Growth

Further increases have now taken those confirmed statistics past 10 million total citizens.

Like most US states, Georgia has never seen a decline in its decennial census counts, although from 1920 to 1930, the population only increased by 13,000 people.

Georgia Population Projections

As for the present and the future, continued population growth is expected. Georgia continues to grow at greater than 1% per year, which makes it one of the faster growing states in the country (12th).

According to a projection released in 2010 by the state of Georgia, the population was expected to reach 14.7 million by 2030. These projections seem to contradict the US Census projections, and may have overstated the potential growth of the state.

Before the Civil War, approximately half of Georgia's population was made up of Afrian Americans. This number was significantly reduced following the Great Migration that ran through 1970. While the African American population has gone down, a significant percentage still reside in the state. In fact, when looking at the percentages, Georgia has the third highest percentage of African Americans in the United States. The state is also third in terms of numerical African American population.

Georgia has also had the second-highest growth in Asians during the period between 2000 and 2010. During this time period, the population of Asians almost doubled, and recent estimates show that 4% of the total population identifies as Asian. The number of Hispanics in the state -- particularly Puerto Ricans -- has increased in recent years, and Hispanic, Caribbean, Sub-Saharan African and Asians have settled in Georgia, particularly in the metro Atlanta area.

Georgia also has a high number of illegal immigrants and ranks 6th in the nation. In 1990, there were 35,000 undocumented immigrants. This number increased to almost half a million by 2009, doubling between 2000 and 2009.

Georgia Growth Rate

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Georgia Population Rank

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Georgia Population 2021

Georgia Facts

Georgia is a state that has many counties -- 159 to be exact -- and in recent years, these counties have experienced significant growth, while others have seen declining populations. Interestingly enough, the counties that have seen the highest rates of growth are mostly grouped together along the southeastern border and close to the northern border. Growth rates were compiled over a 5-year period from the 2010 Census through 2015, when estimates were taken by the US Census Bureau. Two counties saw increases by over 20% -- Forsyth County and Long County, while other counties saw smaller but still significant growth rates, including Cherokee, Hall, and Gwinett.

Just as there are counties with increasing populations, Georgia also has regions that have seen declines in populations over the last several years. Hancock County, with a decline of over 9%, saw the biggest drop in population, while other counties, including Sumter, Randolph, and Baker, recorded declines of more than 5%.

Georgia Population Growth Rate by County

Georgia Population Density by County

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage
White6,098,88958.62%
Black or African American3,289,02031.61%
Asian414,4813.98%
Some Other Race291,8722.81%
Two or More Races265,9122.56%
American Indian and Alaska Native37,4400.36%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander6,2330.06%
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Georgia Population by Race

Georgia Population Pyramid $2021

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Georgia Median Age

37


Total

35


Male

38


Female

Georgia Adults

There are 7,898,607 adults, (1,406,485 of whom are seniors) in Georgia.

Georgia Age Dependency

60

Age Dependency Ratio

22

Old Age Dependency Ratio

39

Child Dependency Ratio

Georgia Sex Ratio

Female

5,341,751

51.34%

Male

5,062,096

48.66%

Georgia Population by Age

Georgia Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

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Georgia Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married80%20%
All63%37%
Male52%48%
Non Family50%51%
Female44%56%

63.0%

Rate of Home Ownership

Georgia Households and Families

Type Count Average Size Owned
All3,758,798363
Married1,786,451380
Non Family1,233,816150
Female561,242444
Male177,289452

3

Average Family Size

3

Average Household Size

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Georgia Households by Type

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Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade318,4614.62%
9th to 12th Grade567,0378.23%
High School Graduate1,909,06727.71%
Some College1,397,95420.29%
Associates Degree538,1447.81%
Bachelors Degree1,324,80119.23%
Graduate Degree832,81512.09%
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Georgia Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Georgia Educational Attainment by Race

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Race Total High School Bachelors
White3,916,0693,546,2521,374,354
Black2,079,1011,801,944498,202
Hispanic517,074323,07591,379
Asian282,602245,774157,933
Other Race154,63487,83220,365
2+ Races104,46292,14436,537
Native American23,08316,2284,531
Islander3,7823,193683

The highest rate of high school graduation is among white people with a rate of 90.56%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among asian people with a rate of 55.89%.

Georgia Educational Attainment by Race

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Name Average Male Female
Overall$38,822$44,842$32,270
Less Than 9th Grade$23,128$26,605$17,790
High School Graduate$30,264$34,648$24,322
Some College$35,222$43,597$29,573
Bachelors Degree$53,783$67,378$44,919
Graduate Degree$67,503$86,620$58,871

$38,822

Average Earnings

$44,842

Average Male

$32,270

Average Female

Georgia Earnings by Educational Attainment

Georgia Language by Age

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Georgia Language

85.95% of Georgia residents speak only English, while 14.05% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 8.02% of the population.

Georgia Language

Georgia Poverty by Race

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Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
Black3,172,360682,10321.50%
White5,366,485542,64210.11%
Hispanic969,358222,43822.95%
Other285,10573,51825.79%
Multiple257,98048,23918.70%
Asian405,10841,67910.29%
Native36,3918,99324.71%
Islander6,0711,56225.73%

15.09%

Overall Poverty Rate

13.57%

Male Poverty Rate

16.51%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Georgia

The race most likely to be in poverty in Georgia is Other, with 25.79% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Georgia is White, with 10.11% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 3.38%. Among those working part-time, it was 18.37%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 23.01%.

Georgia Poverty

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Name Poverty
Less Than 9th Grade26.90%
High School15.17%
Some College10.37%
Bachelors or Greater4.35%

Georgia Poverty Rate by Education

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Rate Poverty
Female Unemployed37.82%
Male Unemployed28.98%
Female Employed8.42%
Male Employed5.73%

Georgia Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Georgia Income by Household Type

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Name Median Mean
Households$58,700$82,406
Families$70,851$95,812
Married Families$87,653$114,241
Non Families$36,069$51,521
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Income by Household Type

Georgia Marital Status

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Marriage Rates

47.0%

Overall Marriage Rate

49.0%

Male Marriage Rate

45.0%

Female Marriage Rate

Georgia Married by Age and Sex

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Georgia Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 45-54.

Georgia Marital Status by Race

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Georgia Marital Status

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629,302

Number of Veterans

554,789

Male Veterans

74,513

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Vietnam207,684
First Gulf War172,197
Second Gulf War141,079
Korea36,241
World War II12,702

Georgia Veterans by War

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Age Group Veterans
35 to 54181,660
65 to 74151,110
55 to 64128,763
75+107,844
18 to 3459,925

Georgia Veterans by Age

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Name Veterans % of Total
White405,6728.55%
Black199,2508.20%
Hispanic22,3333.59%
2+ Races10,4297.78%
Other Race5,4862.93%
Asian5,1711.61%
Native American2,6389.73%
Islander65615.42%

Georgia Veterans by Race

Georgia Veterans by Education

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7.05%

Veteran Poverty Rate

27.81%

Veteran Disability Rate

Georgia Veterans by Education

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63%

Labor Force Participation

59%

Employment Rate

6%

Unemployment Rate

Georgia Employment by Age

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Georgia Employment by Race

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Georgia Employment by Education

Origin of Non-Citizens

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Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

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54.66%

Born in Georgia

89.87%

Native Born

10.13%

Foreign Born

5.72%

Non Citizen

4.41%

Naturalized

Place of Birth

89.87% of Georgia residents were born in the United States, with 54.66% having been born in Georgia. 5.72% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.

Georgia Place of Birth

  1. Georgia State Data Center
  2. US Census State Population Estimates - Most recent state estimates from the Census Bureau's Population Estimates Program
  3. US Census County Population Estimates - Most recent county estimates from the Census Bureau's Population Estimates Program
  4. American Community Survey (2009 - 2013)
  5. Census QuickFacts
  6. Historical Populations of States and Counties (1790 - 1990)

Sources