Hawaii Population 2022

1,474,265
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At the 2010 census the population of Hawaii was declared at a total of 1,360,301. Estimates of the population are produced in the years between censuses - and in 2015, this number had risen to 1,431,603.

This represents a 5.2% increase from the 1.36 million recorded during the 2010 Census.

Hawaiian Islands and Populations

There are eight major islands in Hawaii. Oahu is the largest, with a population of 953,207.

Next largest is Hawaii itself, holding 186,738 people, followed closely by Maui (144,444). The only other island with a sizeable population is Kauai (pop 66,921). The remaining islands are Molokai (7,345), Lanai (3,135), Niihau (170) and Kahoolawe (unpopulated).

Honolulu is the largest city and the largest county in Hawaii, home to an estimated 350,399 of Oahu's people in the city itself. The county of Honolulu contains nearly 1 million residents, however. There are no other cities with more than 50,000 people. The next largest city is Pearl City, which is home to 47,698 people.

Hawaiian Land Area and Population Density

Based on the most recent estimates, Hawaii is the 40th largest state in the union. Although small in terms of its population, Hawaii is big in terms of one area of census statistics – population density. In total, the islands make up 10,931 square miles (28,311 square kilometers) in surface area, which makes its density 222.9 people per square mile. This ranks it 13th in the US in population density.

Hawaii Gender and Religion Statistics

The median age in Hawaii is approximately 38.5 years of age, and the state has a slight gender gap with 49.8% females and 50.2% males residing in the state.

In religious terms, Hawaii stands at 63% Christianity based faiths, 10% non-Christian based faiths, and 26% unaffiliated to any particular faith.

Hawaii Statehood, Census, and Boundary History

Hawaii was an independent nation prior to being annexed by the United States in 1898; it was made a territory in 1900. On August 21, 1959, Hawaii was admitted as a State and assumed its present boundaries, omitting certain small islands formerly included in the territory.

Census coverage has included the whole of Hawaii since 1900. The Hawaiian government conducted at least 9 censuses between 1850 and 1898.

Hawaii Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Hawaiiwas:

  • Asian: 37.64%
  • Two or more races: 24.29%
  • White: 24.15%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 10.40%
  • Black or African American: 1.88%
  • Other race: 1.39%
  • Native American: 0.25%

Hawaii Population History

Although Hawaii only became a US state in 1959, there are population statistics dating back to the beginning of the 20th century. In 1900, the total number of citizens living on the islands was declared at 154,001 and just ten years later that had risen by 24.6% to 191,874.

The US census of 1960 was the first to include Hawaii in its statistics and by that point, the population had grown to 632,772, a 26.6% increase from the 1950 findings. From that stage, the numbers have continued to increase but the percentage increase decade by decade has slowed down. The 2010 figures represented a rise of 12.3% from the 2000 Census numbers.

Hawaii Population Growth

Hawaii has a healthy gap between birth and death rates and, when figures in this respect were released in 2005, they showed a net gain of 48,111 new Hawaiians in the five years from 2000. Net migration is also a contributory factor and using those figures in 2005 once again, they showed a gain of 16,956 new citizens compared to the statistics from 2000.

Hawaii Population Projections

Although the growth rate has slowed, it is projected that the population will continue to rise at a rate around 1% for the foreseeable future, with the population crossing the 1,500,000 mark by 2020 with Oahu growing at the slowest rate and the Big Island growing at the fastest.

There is a very wide range of cultures and ethnic groups within the population of Hawaii. Notably, there is a higher percentage of Asian Americans in Hawaii than in any other state. Hawaii also has the highest percentage of multiracial residents than any other state, and it has the lowest percentage of whites.

Hawaii is the only state to have Asians as its largest ethnic group, making this a majority-minority state. The Asian population is primarily Filipino, although there are also large populations of Japanese, Chinese, and Korean residents.

Approximately 75% of Hawaii's foreign-born population comes from Asia. The vast majority of residents -- over 82% -- were born in the United States. The state also a fairly large population of indigenous Hawaiians that make up almost 6% of the population.

Hawaii Population 2022

Hawaii Facts

Growth in Hawaiian Counties

When breaking down population growth by county, it is easy to evaluate the data of Hawaii, as there are few counties within this state. Based on a comparison of data from the 2010 Census and estimates taken five years later by the US Census Bureau, it is shown that all of Hawaii's counties have shown continued population growth.

Kauai saw the highest rate of growth during this period, with an increase of 6.73%. This is followed by Maui County, with a population increase of 6.23%, Hawaii County with a growth of 5.99%, and Honolulu County posting 4.43% growth from 2010 to 2015.

Hawaii Population Growth Rate by County

Hawaii Population Density by County

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage
White342,92324.15%
Black or African American26,7171.88%
American Indian and Alaska Native3,5080.25%
Asian534,51937.64%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander147,69810.40%
Some Other Race19,7911.39%
Two or More Races344,91824.29%
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Hawaii Population by Race

Hawaii Population Pyramid 2022

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Hawaii Median Age

39.4


Total

37.9


Male

41


Female

Hawaii Adults

There are 1,117,827 adults, (261,207 of whom are seniors) in Hawaii.

Hawaii Age Dependency

65.8

Age Dependency Ratio

30.5

Old Age Dependency Ratio

35.3

Child Dependency Ratio

Hawaii Sex Ratio

Female

707,824

49.84%

Male

712,250

50.16%

Hawaii Population by Age

Hawaii Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

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Hawaii Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married68.6%31.4%
All60.3%39.7%
Male55.7%44.3%
Female53.4%46.6%
Non Family49.9%50.1%

60.3%

Rate of Home Ownership

Hawaii Households and Families

Type Count Average Size Owned
All467,9322.9460.3
Married239,5483.6168.6
Male27,0293.8255.7
Female57,9053.7953.4
Non Family143,4501.3149.9

3.5

Average Family Size

2.94

Average Household Size

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Hawaii Households by Type

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Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade34,5093.46%
9th to 12th Grade40,3664.05%
High School Graduate272,03127.30%
Some College206,80820.76%
Associates Degree108,22010.86%
Bachelors Degree218,67921.95%
Graduate Degree115,81011.62%
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Hawaii Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Hawaii Educational Attainment by Race

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Race Total High School Bachelors
White240,823234,201110,904
Asian426,772383,211149,542
Native American2,4572,059765
Black17,71816,9565,478
Other Race12,56710,9483,523
2+ Races181,742172,00745,705
Hispanic76,70870,39717,989
Islander92,62381,87312,728

The highest rate of high school graduation is among white people with a rate of 97.25%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among white people with a rate of 46.05%.

Hawaii Educational Attainment by Race

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Name Average Male Female
Overall$43,619$50,370$38,523
Less Than 9th Grade$28,883$33,007$24,564
High School Graduate$35,311$40,535$30,222
Some College$41,333$48,626$35,767
Bachelors Degree$52,264$62,098$46,365
Graduate Degree$71,768$82,675$64,334

$43,619

Average Earnings

$50,370

Average Male

$38,523

Average Female

Hawaii Earnings by Educational Attainment

Hawaii Language by Age

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Hawaii Language

73.87% of Hawaii residents speak only English, while 26.13% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Asian and Pacific Island languages, which is spoken by 21.68% of the population.

Hawaii Language

Hawaii Poverty by Race

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Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
Native3,25369121.24%
Islander143,69230,11520.96%
Hispanic147,44317,85912.11%
Multiple338,47631,1719.21%
White292,75826,6079.09%
Black24,1872,0278.38%
Other18,2901,2466.81%
Asian525,92731,4955.99%

9.26%

Overall Poverty Rate

8.52%

Male Poverty Rate

9.99%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Hawaii

The race most likely to be in poverty in Hawaii is Native, with 21.24% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Hawaii is Asian, with 5.99% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 1.47%. Among those working part-time, it was 11.65%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 17.15%.

Hawaii Poverty

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Name Poverty
Less Than 9th Grade17.01%
High School11.22%
Some College7.68%
Bachelors or Greater4.17%

Hawaii Poverty Rate by Education

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Rate Poverty
Male Employed3.51%
Male Unemployed22.05%
Female Employed4.57%
Female Unemployed20.99%

Hawaii Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Hawaii Income by Household Type

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Name Median Mean
Households$83,173$107,348
Families$97,813$120,352
Married Families$108,893$132,880
Non Families$49,031$67,432
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Income by Household Type

Hawaii Marital Status

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Marriage Rates

49.8%

Overall Marriage Rate

50.5%

Male Marriage Rate

49.0%

Female Marriage Rate

Hawaii Married by Age and Sex

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Hawaii Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 45-54.

Hawaii Marital Status by Race

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Hawaii Marital Status

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97,478

Number of Veterans

87,342

Male Veterans

10,136

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Second Gulf War29,566
First Gulf War21,353
Vietnam33,087
Korea6,838
World War II2,524

Hawaii Veterans by War

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Age Group Veterans
18 to 3413,406
35 to 5421,210
55 to 6416,288
65 to 7423,861
75+22,713

Hawaii Veterans by Age

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Name Veterans % of Total
White36,91313.91%
Black5,37934.43%
Native American40115.06%
Asian31,5096.88%
Islander7,4647.04%
Other Race1,81813.83%
2+ Races13,9946.57%
Hispanic8,1379.32%

Hawaii Veterans by Race

Hawaii Veterans by Education

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5.54%

Veteran Poverty Rate

26.71%

Veteran Disability Rate

Hawaii Veterans by Education

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65.3%

Labor Force Participation

58.7%

Employment Rate

4.6%

Unemployment Rate

Hawaii Employment by Age

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Hawaii Employment by Race

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Hawaii Employment by Education

Origin of Non-Citizens

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Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

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53.30%

Born in Hawaii

81.71%

Native Born

18.29%

Foreign Born

7.54%

Non Citizen

10.74%

Naturalized

Place of Birth

81.71% of Hawaii residents were born in the United States, with 53.30% having been born in Hawaii. 7.54% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Asia.

Hawaii Place of Birth

  1. Hawaii State Data Center
  2. US Census State Population Estimates - Most recent state estimates from the Census Bureau's Population Estimates Program
  3. US Census County Population Estimates - Most recent county estimates from the Census Bureau's Population Estimates Program
  4. American Community Survey (2009 - 2013)
  5. Census QuickFacts
  6. Historical Populations of States and Counties (1790 - 1990)

Sources