Massachusetts State Capital: Boston

When children are first introduced to the topic of state capitals, many of them involve the entire family in their quest to learn and remember each of the 50 capitals. Once this feat is mastered, the desire to know the history of the capitals becomes of interest. Massachusetts is a state with a rich history along with the capital, Boston. The city of Boston has been the capital of this New England state since the 17th century. When the state was first established and settled as a colony, it was the plan of many residents that the capital would be Cambridge, which was called Newtown at that time.

Newtown was founded by Deputy Governor Thomas Dudley in 1630 who tried to persuade colonist to live there so that the town would grow big enough to be a capital, By the end of that year, it had become the agreement of the General Court of Massachusetts that Newtown would be declared the capital, and central fortified town. The magistrate had made plans to move there until the Governor, John Winthrop, who also began to build a home there, changed his mind and declared that Boston would be the capital city of the state. This was mainly because Boston was located near the sea, and would be more advantageousness of a commercial and political capital.

Governor Winthrop halted construction on his home, and had the worker move it to Boston for completion. All the magistrates followed the Governor's lead and moved to Boston. The Great and General Court of the Bay Company decided to hold a meeting in Boston on October 19, 1630. This suggested that Boston was already the unofficial capital of the Massachusetts' colony. It was not until October 3, 1632, that a formal action to declare Boston as the state capital occurred. The Court of Assistants declare Boston to be the best place for public meetings.

On May 23, 1955, the Massachusetts General Court passed an order that recognized Boston was the capital, and required that the Governor must live in, or near, the city while in office. In 1686, the Dominion of New England was established which was a merger of all the colonies, and Boston was the capital of all the colonies. This was later overturned in 1689 during the Boston Revolt. In 1691, Boston became the capital of all of Massachusetts with its ocean coastline.

Massachusetts State Capital: Boston