New Mexico Population 2021

2,105,000
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New Mexico currently has a growth rate of 0.64% annually, which ranks 30th in the country. The last nationwide census within the United States was carried out in 2010 and that survey revealed that the population of New Mexico was 2,059,179. This was the first time that numbers in the state had exceeded 2 million, and the figure represented an increase of 14.5% on those declared ten years earlier.

You can see details of each individual New Mexico county’s population increase and decrease between 2000 and 2010 using this interactive map. It’s important to note that, while the number of people in many counties increased, it fell in others, so the growth isn’t uniform.

New Mexico Area and Population Density

The State of New Mexico in the deep south of the United States in the fifth largest state in the US by area. However, it is the sixth most sparsely populated territory in the country, indicating that total population isn't that high. The vast area of New Mexico is filled with mountain ranges, deserts and huge forests. So it’s not surprising that, although the total surface area of NM is 121,589 square miles (315,194 square kilometers), there is an average of just 17 people who live in each square mile. Overall, New Mexico is only the 45th most densely populated state in the United States.

Many of the state’s residents are crowded into Bernalillo County. Despite being the second smallest country in the state, Bernalillo is home to more than one-third of its residents -- 676,685 to be precise. That’s mainly because Albuquerque, the largest city in New Mexico, is within the county borders. The total population of Albuquerque is 559,121, making it the 32nd largest city in the US.

There are four other counties in New Mexico with more than 100,000 people -- Dona Ana (pop: 214,295), Santa Fe (pop: 148.686), Sandoval (pop: 139,394) and San Juan (pop: 118,737).

New Mexico Gender and Religion Statistics

The median age is New Mexico is approximately 37.2 years of age. The ratio of females to males in the state is approximately split at 50.5% females and 49.5% males.

In religious terms, New Mexico comes in with 75% of the population affiliated with a Christian based faith, 4% with a non-Christian based faith, and 21% unaffiliated with any faith in particular.

New Mexico Boundary, Census, and Statehood History

New Mexico was acquired in part in 1845 when Texas joined the United States, and in part directly from Mexico in 1848 and 1853. New Mexico Territory was established in December 1850, including most of present-day Arizona and parts of Colorado and Nevada. New Mexico acquired essentially its present boundaries in 1863, and was admitted as a State on January 6, 1912.

In 1850 census coverage of New Mexico Territory included much of the present State but did not extend beyond it. The 1860 population refers essentially to the present State; it excludes the then Arizona County, which was located within present-day Arizona, as well as areas that became part of Colorado Territory in 1861.

New Mexico Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of New Mexico was:

  • White: 74.81%
  • Native American: 9.55%
  • Other race: 8.63%
  • Two or more races: 3.26%
  • Black or African American: 2.11%
  • Asian: 1.56%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.08%

New Mexico Population History

New Mexico is one of the few US states that has never really experienced what you might refer to as a "population boom." Whereas many states at times saw increases of several hundred percent per decade, particularly in the 18th century, the largest decade on decade population increase in New Mexico was only 60%. Steady but sustained population growth has been the order of the day in this part of the US.

The first official New Mexico census was held in 1860, when the population was recorded at a healthy 61,547. Just ten years later a rise of 51.9% had been recorded, taking the number of people living in the state to 93,516. A sizeable increase but not big in relation to huge spikes experienced elsewhere.

New Mexico Population Growth

Although the following census in 1880 recorded a slight fall in numbers (1.8%), from that point on steady growth has dominated, with average rises on a census by census basis of around 25%. The population of New Mexico had exceeded one million by the time of the 1970 Census and in 2010, numbers passed two million for the first time.

New Mexico Population Projections

Growth in New Mexico has been steady and as such, it’s fairly easy to predict population increases. Growth along the lines of that seen in the last forty years could therefore take those figures close to the 2.5 million mark by the time of the 2020 census. Official population projections estimate New Mexico will still come a bit short of this number, though, reaching 2.35 million by 2020, and hitting the 2.5 million mark by 2025.

New Mexico has the highest percentage of Hispanics (48%) of any US state, which includes both recent immigrants from Latin America and descendants of Spanish colonists. 83% of the Hispanic population was native-born, while 17% was foreign-born. Most in the state claim a Spanish ancestry, particularly in the northern area of New Mexico. The state is one of four to be ethnically a minority-majority state.

The Hispanic and Latino population of any race was 48%. New Mexico also has a very high Native American population, which is second only to Alaska.

About 28% of the population over the age of 5 speaks Spanish at home, while 4% speak Navajo. There are also many in the state who speak New Mexican Spanish, an archaic form of 17th century Castilian Spanish from the colonists who arrived in the state between the 16th and 18th centuries.

New Mexico Growth Rate

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New Mexico Population Rank

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New Mexico Population 2021

New Mexico Facts

Bernalillo County

  • Population681,295
  • Density586.91 per sq km
  • Growth Since 20102.62%
  • State Population Rank1
  • % of State32.37%

The state of New Mexico has many counties, and across the state, there have been significant increases and decreases in population from the time of the 2010 Census until estimates were taken by the US Census Bureau in 2015. During this 5-year period, the New Mexico county of Lea saw the highest rate of growth at 10.14%. Three other counties -- Eddy, McKinley, and Sandoval -- saw population growths of over 5%. Several other counties, including Curry, Santa Fe, and Taos, recorded smaller increases in their populations.

On the other side, some counties also saw declining populations based on this same data from this 5-year period. Colfax County had the biggest decrease in population, which was 9.62%. Other significant decreases in New Mexico include San Juan County at 8.76%, De Baca County at 9.42%, and Hidalgo County at 8.88%, amongst others.

New Mexico Population Growth Rate by County

Bernalillo County

  • Population681,295
  • Density586.91 per sq km
  • Growth Since 20102.62%
  • State Population Rank1
  • % of State32.37%

New Mexico Population Density by County

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage
White1,565,36674.81%
American Indian and Alaska Native199,8459.55%
Some Other Race180,6388.63%
Two or More Races68,2643.26%
Black or African American44,1202.11%
Asian32,5771.56%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander1,6440.08%
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New Mexico Population by Race

New Mexico Population Pyramid 2021

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New Mexico Median Age

37.8


Total

36.3


Male

39.4


Female

New Mexico Adults

There are 1,603,980 adults, (352,687 of whom are seniors) in New Mexico.

New Mexico Age Dependency

67.2

Age Dependency Ratio

28.2

Old Age Dependency Ratio

39

Child Dependency Ratio

New Mexico Sex Ratio

Female

1,056,260

50.48%

Male

1,036,190

49.52%

New Mexico Population by Age

New Mexico Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

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New Mexico Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married81.7%18.3%
All67.7%32.3%
Male60.3%39.7%
Non Family57.2%42.8%
Female54.5%45.5%

67.7%

Rate of Home Ownership

New Mexico Households and Families

Type Count Average Size Owned
All780,2492.6367.7
Married339,5253.381.7
Non Family286,9871.2557.2
Female107,8633.7154.5
Male45,8743.7260.3

3.32

Average Family Size

2.63

Average Household Size

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New Mexico Households by Type

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Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade84,4926.02%
9th to 12th Grade117,7588.39%
High School Graduate371,33826.46%
Some College328,22623.39%
Associates Degree118,0388.41%
Bachelors Degree215,66215.37%
Graduate Degree167,85711.96%
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New Mexico Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

New Mexico Educational Attainment by Race

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Name Total High School Bachelors
Hispanic612,342471,30197,421
White610,960579,268248,489
Native American122,10197,26712,806
Other Race118,16886,34315,415
Multiple Races31,11927,9429,321
Black27,00824,4067,553
Asian23,85421,08612,323
Islander984893221

The highest rate of high school graduation is among white people with a rate of 94.81%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among asian people with a rate of 51.66%.

New Mexico Educational Attainment by Race

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Name Average Male Female
Overall$33,514$39,841$29,204
Less Than High School$20,375$25,024$14,595
High School Grad$27,471$31,778$22,354
Some College$31,676$40,028$26,538
Bachelors Degree$45,594$51,925$41,214
Graduate Degree$62,125$79,877$55,121

$33,514

Average Earnings

$39,841

Average Male

$29,204

Average Female

New Mexico Earnings by Educational Attainment

New Mexico Language by Age

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New Mexico Language

65.96% of New Mexico residents speak only English, while 34.04% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 26.63% of the population.

New Mexico Language

New Mexico Poverty by Race

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Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
Hispanic999,910225,82422.58%
White768,65289,62411.66%
Native196,15663,72632.49%
Other175,49844,91825.59%
Multiple66,49013,11319.72%
Black41,0439,94624.23%
Asian31,9742,9719.29%
Islander1,60127216.99%

19.13%

Overall Poverty Rate

17.90%

Male Poverty Rate

20.30%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in New Mexico

The race most likely to be in poverty in New Mexico is Native, with 32.49% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in New Mexico is Asian, with 9.29% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 4.52%. Among those working part-time, it was 22.74%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 26.13%.

New Mexico Poverty

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Name Poverty
Less Than High School32.78%
High School18.22%
Some College13.81%
Bachelors or Greater6.22%

New Mexico Poverty Rate by Education

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Name Poverty
Female Unemployed40.89%
Male Unemployed33.69%
Female Employed11.14%
Male Employed8.64%

New Mexico Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

New Mexico Income by Household Type

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Name Median Mean
Households$49,754$69,077
Families$61,102$81,023
Married Families$76,160$96,845
Non Families$30,714$45,249
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Income by Household Type

New Mexico Marital Status

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Marriage Rates

44.2%

Overall Marriage Rate

45.4%

Male Marriage Rate

43.0%

Female Marriage Rate

New Mexico Married by Age and Sex

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New Mexico Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 45-54.

New Mexico Marital Status by Race

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New Mexico Marital Status

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144,977

Number of Veterans

131,397

Male Veterans

13,580

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Vietnam56,467
First Gulf War31,152
Second Gulf War27,963
Korea11,087
World War II4,546

New Mexico Veterans by War

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Age Group Veterans
65 to 7440,000
75+32,386
35 to 5431,539
55 to 6428,486
18 to 3412,566

New Mexico Veterans by Age

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Name Veterans % of Total
White120,5509.92%
Hispanic44,8296.18%
Indian7,5295.25%
Other7,1855.23%
Black5,38516.67%
2 or More3,4018.78%
Asian7752.96%
Hawaiian15212.17%

New Mexico Veterans by Race

New Mexico Veterans by Education

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8.26%

Veteran Poverty Rate

31.89%

Veteran Disability Rate

New Mexico Veterans by Education

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57.9%

Labor Force Participation

53.5%

Employment Rate

6.7%

Unemployment Rate

New Mexico Employment by Age

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New Mexico Employment by Race

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New Mexico Employment by Education

Origin of Non-Citizens

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Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

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54.14%

Born in New Mexico

90.58%

Native Born

9.42%

Foreign Born

5.55%

Non Citizen

3.87%

Naturalized

Place of Birth

90.58% of New Mexico residents were born in the United States, with 54.14% having been born in New Mexico. 5.55% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.

New Mexico Place of Birth