Bismarck is the capital of North Dakota. It lies in the South-central region of North Dakota and is located at the eastern riverbank of Missouri. Bismarck city was established in 1872 and was originally known as Edwinton as an honor of a proponent of transcontinental railway named Edwin L. Johnson.
Edwinton was established in 1872 after the North Pacific Railway had been constructed up to the eastern riverbank of Missouri River. The initial buildings were constructed at the present-day Camp Hancock (previously known as Camp Greeley) to act as a supply depot to expand the railroad. The city was renamed Bismarck in 1873 in honor of Germany Chancellor named Otto Von Bismarck as the local leaders hoped to attract Germany investors as the railway was being built. Fortunately, the same year, the railway reached Bismarck and contributed to the growth of this city as settlers built hotels, a courthouse, health centers, and schools.
After gold was discovered in 1874 in the Black Hills, Bismarck became one of the centers that attracted the settlements of prospectors. Bismarck also became the county seat for Burleigh County when it was organized in 1873.
How Bismarck became the capital
The capital city of Dakota was moved from Yankton (South Dakota) in 1883 to Bismarck after the authorities divided the territory into North and South Dakota. However, the authorities first chose Jamestown, ND, as the new state capital for North Dakota. Unfortunately, some citizens of Bismarck raided Jamestown and took the state records. After that, the construction of the capital started in Bismarck and was completed in 1884. As a consequence, the authorities stopped the idea of moving the capital back to Jamestown.
The two states were admitted into the Union in 1889, and Bismarck became the capital of the North the same year. Since 1889, Bismarck has grown into the central hub for health care, education, transportation, trade, and business. The major economic factors of the city include coal, gas, and oil production and distribution.
Climatic conditions and demographics
Bismarck experiences four distinct seasons. In particular, the climate of Bismarck has humid and hot summers, windy, snowy, dry, and cold winters. The capital experiences thunderstorms in summer and spring. January is the coldest month with temperatures of around 18 18.1°F, and July is the warmest month with an average temperature of approximately 85.5°F.
Although North Dakota experiences cold, snowy winters, it leads to the growing of sunflowers. One of the best aspects of Bismarck is that it has extensive parks and exercise trains, meaning all people can enjoy outdoor activities within and around the capital. The outdoor activities include outdoor pools, golf, mountain biking, fishing, and hiking.
In 2018, Bismarck was inhabited by approximately 71,700 people of 37.1 median age with a median household income of $63,600.