Number Of Representatives By State 2020

The United States Congress is composed of two houses: the House of Representatives and the Senate. Both houses together form the national legislature of the United States.

The composition of the House is established by Article One of the Constitution. The House is in charge of passing federal legislation (bills), which are then sent to the president for consideration. Additionally, the House has several exclusive powers such as impeaching federal officers and electing one of the top three recipients for president if no candidate receives a majority of electors.

Members of the House of Representatives serve two-year terms and are considered for reelection every even calendar year (the next reelections will be 2020, 2022, 2024, and so on). There are a total of 435 members in the House of Representatives, 235 of which are affiliated with the Democratic Party, 199 are affiliated with the Republican Party, and one is affiliated with the Independent Party.

In 1941, Congress permanently adopted the “Method of Equal Proportion” to determine how many representatives each state is apportioned. This means that each state’s number of representatives is determined by the state’s population.

Given this, the ten states with the highest number of representatives are:

  1. California (53)
  2. Texas (36)
  3. New York (27)
  4. Florida (27)
  5. Illinois (18)
  6. Pennsylvania (18)
  7. Ohio (16)
  8. Michigan (14)
  9. Georgia (14)
  10. North Carolina (14)

California has the highest number of representatives with 53 at a population of 39,747,267. Texas is the second highest with 36 representatives and a population of 29,087,070.

Seven states have only one member in the House of Representatives: Montana, Delaware, South Dakota, North Dakota, Alaska, Vermont, and Wyoming.

Below is a table of each state’s number of representatives.

Number Of Representatives By State 2020

State Number of Representatives Seats 2020 Pop.
Alaska1734,002
Delaware1982,895
Montana11,086,759
North Dakota1761,723
South Dakota1903,027
Vermont1628,061
Wyoming1567,025
Hawaii21,412,687
Idaho21,826,156
Maine21,345,790
New Hampshire21,371,246
Rhode Island21,056,161
Nebraska31,952,570
New Mexico32,096,640
West Virginia31,778,070
Arkansas43,038,999
Iowa43,179,849
Kansas42,910,357
Mississippi42,989,260
Nevada43,139,658
Utah43,282,115
Connecticut53,563,077
Oklahoma53,954,821
Oregon54,301,089
Kentucky64,499,692
Louisiana64,645,184
Alabama74,908,621
Colorado75,845,526
South Carolina75,210,095
Maryland86,083,116
Minnesota85,700,671
Missouri86,169,270
Wisconsin85,851,754
Arizona97,378,494
Indiana96,745,354
Massachusetts96,976,597
Tennessee96,897,576
Washington107,797,095
Virginia118,626,207
New Jersey128,936,574
North Carolina1310,611,862
Georgia1410,736,059
Michigan1410,045,029
Ohio1611,747,694
Illinois1812,659,682
Pennsylvania1812,820,878
Florida2721,992,985
New York2719,440,469
Texas3629,472,295
California5339,937,489