Puerto Rico Population 2022

3,197,890
map placeholder

The latest available figures put Puerto Rico’s population at 3,706,690. This is based on a US Census Bureau estimate from July 2011. At the time of writing in 2014, the estimated population is 3.68 million.

You can find out more about the Puerto Rico population in this interactive Census Bureau tool, or you can continue reading for more detailed data and statistics.

If Puerto Rico were a full state in the United States (remember, it is actually a Commonwealth), this would make it the 29th largest state in the US, sandwiched between Oklahoma and Connecticut. It is, by some considerable distance, the largest US territory - the next largest being Guam with a population of 159,358.

Puerto Rico Population Decline

The figures above show that the population of Puerto Rico has begun to decline after a long period of steady and fairly rapid growth (as can be seen in this table).

The last full US census results, from 2010, showed that there were 3,725,789 people in Puerto Rico, so the population decrease was 19,099 in a single year. The previous census, conducted in 2000, showed that at that point, Puerto Rico had 3,808,610 people, so as well as losing just over 100,000 people in a decade, it appears as though the rate of population reduction is actually increasing.

There are a number of reasons for this decline including lower birth rates and lower death rates as the island becomes more prosperous. Increased emigration to the continental United States is also a factor, as people move to improve their economic prospects and sometimes – because Puerto Rico is a densely populated territory – to improve quality of life in other ways.

Largest Cities in Puerto Rico

The largest city in Puerto Rico is San Juan, the island’s capital. It has a population of 395,326, making it the 46th largest city in the USA.

Puerto Rico is one of the most densely populated areas of the United States and, as a result there are quite a few other fairly large towns and cities on the island.

The second largest city is Bayamon, which has 208,116 people and is the 103rd largest city in America. Other major cities include Carolina (176,762), Ponce (166,327) and Caguas (142,893).

Puerto Rico Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Puerto Ricowas:

  • White: 59.97%
  • Other race: 18.68%
  • Black or African American: 11.30%
  • Two or more races: 9.69%
  • Asian: 0.18%
  • Native American: 0.17%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.01%

Puerto Rico Growth Rate

map placeholder

Puerto Rico Population Rank

map placeholder

Puerto Rico Population 2022

Puerto Rico Facts

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage
White1,952,45159.97%
Black or African American367,90611.30%
American Indian and Alaska Native5,6970.17%
Asian5,8820.18%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander2580.01%
Some Other Race608,06718.68%
Two or More Races315,3819.69%
Loading...

Puerto Rico Population by Race

Puerto Rico Population Pyramid 2022

Loading...

Puerto Rico Median Age

42.4


Total

40.6


Male

44.1


Female

Puerto Rico Adults

There are 2,644,482 adults, (667,206 of whom are seniors) in Puerto Rico.

Puerto Rico Age Dependency

64.7

Age Dependency Ratio

33.7

Old Age Dependency Ratio

30.9

Child Dependency Ratio

Puerto Rico Sex Ratio

Female

1,709,052

52.50%

Male

1,546,590

47.50%

Puerto Rico Population by Age

Puerto Rico Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

map placeholder

Puerto Rico Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married82.8%17.2%
All67.8%32.2%
Non Family61.2%38.8%
Male59.3%40.7%
Female55.4%44.6%

67.8%

Rate of Home Ownership

Puerto Rico Households and Families

Type Count Average Size Owned
All1,205,7492.6767.8
Married450,5663.382.8
Male81,4503.6659.3
Female278,4783.5155.4
Non Family395,2551.1561.2

3.31

Average Family Size

2.67

Average Household Size

Loading...

Puerto Rico Households by Type

Loading...
Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade340,60314.61%
9th to 12th Grade183,7177.88%
High School Graduate654,01428.05%
Some College281,52912.08%
Associates Degree249,63110.71%
Bachelors Degree443,69719.03%
Graduate Degree178,1037.64%
Loading...

Puerto Rico Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Puerto Rico Educational Attainment by Race

Loading...
Race Total High School Bachelors
White22,97720,1629,256
2+ Races230,450181,83866,717
Hispanic2,299,8511,779,998610,250
Native American4,4033,3531,075
Other Race420,111315,872101,047
Asian4,2333,246994
Black269,797203,57756,419
Islander85697

The highest rate of high school graduation is among white people with a rate of 87.75%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among white people with a rate of 40.28%.

Puerto Rico Educational Attainment by Race

Loading...
Name Average Male Female
Overall$19,015$18,981$19,050
Less Than 9th Grade$10,986$11,713$9,068
High School Graduate$15,214$15,960$12,941
Some College$17,387$19,370$16,151
Bachelors Degree$25,507$30,000$23,706
Graduate Degree$36,168$44,156$32,203

$19,015

Average Earnings

$18,981

Average Male

$19,050

Average Female

Puerto Rico Earnings by Educational Attainment

Puerto Rico Language by Age

Loading...

Puerto Rico Language

5.37% of Puerto Rico residents speak only English, while 94.63% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 94.48% of the population.

Puerto Rico Language

Puerto Rico Poverty by Race

Loading...
Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
Islander25821583.33%
Other604,000301,02149.84%
Native5,6742,66847.02%
Black364,638165,09445.28%
Hispanic3,185,0071,386,15043.52%
Multiple312,300127,68440.89%
Asian5,8122,21338.08%
White31,32310,79834.47%

43.41%

Overall Poverty Rate

41.44%

Male Poverty Rate

45.18%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Puerto Rico

The race most likely to be in poverty in Puerto Rico is Islander, with 83.33% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Puerto Rico is White, with 34.47% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 10.48%. Among those working part-time, it was 45.04%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 52.53%.

Puerto Rico Poverty

Loading...
Name Poverty
Less Than 9th Grade61.55%
High School47.29%
Some College34.98%
Bachelors or Greater16.01%

Puerto Rico Poverty Rate by Education

Loading...
Rate Poverty
Male Employed21.82%
Male Unemployed64.47%
Female Employed22.49%
Female Unemployed70.98%

Puerto Rico Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Puerto Rico Income by Household Type

Loading...
Name Median Mean
Households$21,058$33,315
Families$25,468$37,911
Married Families$33,892$48,475
Non Families$12,539$21,216
Loading...

Income by Household Type

Puerto Rico Marital Status

map placeholder

Marriage Rates

36.1%

Overall Marriage Rate

38.6%

Male Marriage Rate

33.8%

Female Marriage Rate

Puerto Rico Married by Age and Sex

Loading...

Puerto Rico Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 55-64.

Puerto Rico Marital Status by Race

map placeholder

Puerto Rico Marital Status

Loading...

72,679

Number of Veterans

69,893

Male Veterans

2,786

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Second Gulf War11,425
First Gulf War10,279
Vietnam25,999
Korea12,389
World War II1,248

Puerto Rico Veterans by War

Loading...
Age Group Veterans
18 to 343,667
35 to 5410,128
55 to 6412,725
65 to 7419,368
75+26,791

Puerto Rico Veterans by Age

Loading...
Name Veterans % of Total
White47,7743.01%
Black7,7692.55%
Native American962.01%
Asian1342.84%
Other Race9,1341.89%
2+ Races7,7723.01%
Hispanic70,7662.71%

Puerto Rico Veterans by Race

Puerto Rico Veterans by Education

Loading...

17.89%

Veteran Poverty Rate

44.33%

Veteran Disability Rate

Puerto Rico Veterans by Education

Loading...

44.4%

Labor Force Participation

37.6%

Employment Rate

15.1%

Unemployment Rate

Puerto Rico Employment by Age

Loading...

Puerto Rico Employment by Race

Loading...

Puerto Rico Employment by Education

Origin of Non-Citizens

Loading...

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

Loading...

0.00%

Born in Puerto Rico

97.29%

Native Born

2.71%

Foreign Born

1.36%

Non Citizen

1.35%

Naturalized

Place of Birth

97.29% of Puerto Rico residents were born in the United States, with 0.00% having been born in Puerto Rico. 1.36% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.

Puerto Rico Place of Birth

  1. US Census State Population Estimates - Most recent state estimates from the Census Bureau's Population Estimates Program
  2. US Census County Population Estimates - Most recent county estimates from the Census Bureau's Population Estimates Program
  3. American Community Survey (2009 - 2013)
  4. Census QuickFacts
  5. Historical Populations of States and Counties (1790 - 1990)

Sources