Puerto Rico Population 2022

3,197,890
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The latest available figures put Puerto Rico’s population at 3,706,690. This is based on a US Census Bureau estimate from July 2011. At the time of writing in 2014, the estimated population is 3.68 million.

Puerto Rico is located in North America between the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean. It borders the Dominican Republic 237 miles to the west and the Virgin Islands 40 miles to the east.

If Puerto Rico were a full state in the United States (remember, it is actually a Commonwealth), this would make it the 29th largest state in the US, sandwiched between Oklahoma and Connecticut. It is, by some considerable distance, the largest US territory - the next largest being Guam with a population of 159,358.

Puerto Rico Population Decline

The figures above show that the population of Puerto Rico has begun to decline after a long period of steady and fairly rapid growth (as can be seen in this table).

The last full US census results, from 2010, showed that there were 3,725,789 people in Puerto Rico, so the population decrease was 19,099 in a single year. The previous census, conducted in 2000, showed that at that point, Puerto Rico had 3,808,610 people, so as well as losing just over 100,000 people in a decade, it appears as though the rate of population reduction is actually increasing.

There are a number of reasons for this decline including lower birth rates and lower death rates as the island becomes more prosperous. Increased emigration to the continental United States is also a factor, as people move to improve their economic prospects and sometimes – because Puerto Rico is a densely populated territory – to improve quality of life in other ways.

Largest Cities in Puerto Rico

The largest city in Puerto Rico is San Juan, the island’s capital. It has a population of 395,326, making it the 46th largest city in the USA.

Puerto Rico is one of the most densely populated areas of the United States and, as a result there are quite a few other fairly large towns and cities on the island.

The second largest city is Bayamon, which has 208,116 people and is the 103rd largest city in America. Other major cities include Carolina (176,762), Ponce (166,327) and Caguas (142,893).

Is Puerto Rico a Country?

Is Puerto Rico a country? Puerto Rico is an unincorporated territory of the United States. That said, it is neither a sovereign country nor a state of the United States.

Size

The Island of Puerto Rico measures 9,104 square kilometers. It is the third-largest island in the United States and the 82nd globally. It is the smallest member of the Greater Antilles, which constitutes about 90% of the total West Indies land area.

Population

The population of Puerto Rico is roughly 3.2 million. The majority of the population, 75.8%, is white, followed by African Americans, 12.4%, while other ethnicities like American Indians, Native Hawaiians, and other Pacific Islanders make up the rest. Since it is a territory of the United States, all Puerto Ricans are considered native-born Americans. However, they cannot vote in presidential elections and are not presented in the congress.

Economy

Puerto Rico has a high-income economy. The island has the most competitive economy in Latin America. Its main industries include manufacturing, electronics, textiles, the service industry, real estate, and tourism. Puerto Rico receives significant financial aid from the United States' federal government every year.

Puerto Rico Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Puerto Ricowas:

  • White: 59.97%
  • Other race: 18.68%
  • Black or African American: 11.30%
  • Two or more races: 9.69%
  • Asian: 0.18%
  • Native American: 0.17%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.01%

Puerto Rico Population 2022

Puerto Rico Facts

Population by Race

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Puerto Rico Population by Race

Puerto Rico Population Pyramid 2022

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Puerto Rico Median Age

42.4


Total

40.6


Male

44.1


Female

Puerto Rico Adults

There are 2,644,482 adults, (667,206 of whom are seniors) in Puerto Rico.

Puerto Rico Age Dependency

64.7

Age Dependency Ratio

33.7

Old Age Dependency Ratio

30.9

Child Dependency Ratio

Puerto Rico Sex Ratio

Female

1,709,052

52.50%

Male

1,546,590

47.50%

Puerto Rico Population by Age

Puerto Rico Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

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Puerto Rico Household Types

67.8%

Rate of Home Ownership

Puerto Rico Households and Families

3.31

Average Family Size

2.67

Average Household Size

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Puerto Rico Households by Type

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Puerto Rico Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Puerto Rico Educational Attainment by Race

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The highest rate of high school graduation is among white people with a rate of 87.75%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among white people with a rate of 40.28%.

Puerto Rico Educational Attainment by Race

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$19,015

Average Earnings

$18,981

Average Male

$19,050

Average Female

Puerto Rico Earnings by Educational Attainment

Puerto Rico Language by Age

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Puerto Rico Language

5.37% of Puerto Rico residents speak only English, while 94.63% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 94.48% of the population.

Puerto Rico Language

Puerto Rico Poverty by Race

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43.41%

Overall Poverty Rate

41.44%

Male Poverty Rate

45.18%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Puerto Rico

The race most likely to be in poverty in Puerto Rico is Islander, with 83.33% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Puerto Rico is White, with 34.47% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 10.48%. Among those working part-time, it was 45.04%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 52.53%.

Puerto Rico Poverty

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Puerto Rico Poverty Rate by Education

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Puerto Rico Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Puerto Rico Income by Household Type

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Income by Household Type

Puerto Rico Marital Status

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Marriage Rates

36.1%

Overall Marriage Rate

38.6%

Male Marriage Rate

33.8%

Female Marriage Rate

Puerto Rico Married by Age and Sex

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Puerto Rico Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 55-64.

Puerto Rico Marital Status by Race

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Puerto Rico Marital Status

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72,679

Number of Veterans

69,893

Male Veterans

2,786

Female Veterans

Puerto Rico Veterans by War

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Puerto Rico Veterans by Age

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Puerto Rico Veterans by Race

Puerto Rico Veterans by Education

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17.89%

Veteran Poverty Rate

44.33%

Veteran Disability Rate

Puerto Rico Veterans by Education

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44.4%

Labor Force Participation

37.6%

Employment Rate

15.1%

Unemployment Rate

Puerto Rico Employment by Age

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Puerto Rico Employment by Race

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Puerto Rico Employment by Education

Origin of Non-Citizens

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Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

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0.00%

Born in Puerto Rico

97.29%

Native Born

2.71%

Foreign Born

1.36%

Non Citizen

1.35%

Naturalized

Place of Birth

97.29% of Puerto Rico residents were born in the United States, with 0.00% having been born in Puerto Rico. 1.36% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.

Puerto Rico Place of Birth

  1. US Census State Population Estimates - Most recent state estimates from the Census Bureau's Population Estimates Program
  2. US Census County Population Estimates - Most recent county estimates from the Census Bureau's Population Estimates Program
  3. American Community Survey (2009 - 2013)
  4. Census QuickFacts
  5. Historical Populations of States and Counties (1790 - 1990)

Sources