Puerto Rico Population 2021

3,194,370
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The latest available figures put Puerto Rico’s population at 3,706,690. This is based on a US Census Bureau estimate from July 2011. At the time of writing in 2014, the estimated population is 3.68 million.

You can find out more about the Puerto Rico population in this interactive Census Bureau tool, or you can continue reading for more detailed data and statistics.

If Puerto Rico were a full state in the United States (remember, it is actually a Commonwealth), this would make it the 29th largest state in the US, sandwiched between Oklahoma and Connecticut. It is, by some considerable distance, the largest US territory - the next largest being Guam with a population of 159,358.

Puerto Rico Population Decline

The figures above show that the population of Puerto Rico has begun to decline after a long period of steady and fairly rapid growth (as can be seen in this table).

The last full US census results, from 2010, showed that there were 3,725,789 people in Puerto Rico, so the population decrease was 19,099 in a single year. The previous census, conducted in 2000, showed that at that point, Puerto Rico had 3,808,610 people, so as well as losing just over 100,000 people in a decade, it appears as though the rate of population reduction is actually increasing.

There are a number of reasons for this decline including lower birth rates and lower death rates as the island becomes more prosperous. Increased emigration to the continental United States is also a factor, as people move to improve their economic prospects and sometimes – because Puerto Rico is a densely populated territory – to improve quality of life in other ways.

Largest Cities in Puerto Rico

The largest city in Puerto Rico is San Juan, the island’s capital. It has a population of 395,326, making it the 46th largest city in the USA.

Puerto Rico is one of the most densely populated areas of the United States and, as a result there are quite a few other fairly large towns and cities on the island.

The second largest city is Bayamon, which has 208,116 people and is the 103rd largest city in America. Other major cities include Carolina (176,762), Ponce (166,327) and Caguas (142,893).

Puerto Rico Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Puerto Rico was:

  • White: 65.93%
  • Other race: 16.72%
  • Black or African American: 11.65%
  • Two or more races: 5.29%
  • Native American: 0.21%
  • Asian: 0.19%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.01%

Puerto Rico Growth Rate

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Puerto Rico Population Rank

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Puerto Rico Population 2021

Puerto Rico Facts

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage
White2,188,01365.93%
Some Other Race554,76416.72%
Black or African American386,67611.65%
Two or More Races175,6495.29%
American Indian and Alaska Native6,8380.21%
Asian6,2370.19%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander2690.01%
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Puerto Rico Population by Race

Puerto Rico Population Pyramid 2021

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Puerto Rico Median Age

41.7


Total

39.8


Male

43.4


Female

Puerto Rico Adults

There are 2,670,100 adults, (653,736 of whom are seniors) in Puerto Rico.

Puerto Rico Age Dependency

64.6

Age Dependency Ratio

32.4

Old Age Dependency Ratio

32.2

Child Dependency Ratio

Puerto Rico Sex Ratio

Female

1,740,130

52.44%

Male

1,578,320

47.56%

Puerto Rico Population by Age

Puerto Rico Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

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Puerto Rico Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married82.9%17.1%
All68.1%31.9%
Non Family61.6%38.4%
Male59.8%40.2%
Female55.5%44.5%

68.1%

Rate of Home Ownership

Puerto Rico Households and Families

Type Count Average Size Owned
All1,192,6502.7568.1
Married451,2783.3782.9
Non Family383,3261.1661.6
Female278,5843.6455.5
Male79,4663.859.8

3.4

Average Family Size

2.75

Average Household Size

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Puerto Rico Households by Type

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Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade358,91515.30%
9th to 12th Grade191,2678.15%
High School Graduate655,68027.95%
Some College290,20312.37%
Associates Degree243,01110.36%
Bachelors Degree433,17818.46%
Graduate Degree173,7057.40%
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Puerto Rico Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Puerto Rico Educational Attainment by Race

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Name Total High School Bachelors
Hispanic2,314,8101,769,500595,866
Other Race376,540275,78683,579
Black281,690210,01957,108
Multiple Races119,87792,51530,436
White23,04519,9038,769
Native American5,0743,8731,132
Asian4,5263,5651,043
Islander90726

The highest rate of high school graduation is among white people with a rate of 86.37%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among white people with a rate of 38.05%.

Puerto Rico Educational Attainment by Race

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Name Average Male Female
Overall$18,885$18,764$19,009
Less Than High School$10,962$11,658$9,292
High School Grad$15,205$15,879$13,085
Some College$17,412$19,285$16,175
Bachelors Degree$25,511$30,122$23,622
Graduate Degree$37,145$45,406$32,365

$18,885

Average Earnings

$18,764

Average Male

$19,009

Average Female

Puerto Rico Earnings by Educational Attainment

Puerto Rico Language by Age

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Puerto Rico Language

5.52% of Puerto Rico residents speak only English, while 94.48% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 94.32% of the population.

Puerto Rico Language

Puerto Rico Poverty by Race

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Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
Hispanic3,247,6101,433,53044.14%
Other549,641284,82651.82%
Black383,692176,34245.96%
Multiple173,72375,28043.33%
White31,40811,37136.20%
Native6,8223,02444.33%
Asian6,1392,85246.46%
Islander26922684.01%

44.05%

Overall Poverty Rate

42.06%

Male Poverty Rate

45.85%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Puerto Rico

The race most likely to be in poverty in Puerto Rico is Islander, with 84.01% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Puerto Rico is White, with 36.20% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 10.39%. Among those working part-time, it was 44.71%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 53.30%.

Puerto Rico Poverty

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Name Poverty
Less Than High School62.11%
High School47.66%
Some College34.89%
Bachelors or Greater15.61%

Puerto Rico Poverty Rate by Education

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Name Poverty
Female Unemployed71.79%
Male Unemployed64.77%
Female Employed22.28%
Male Employed21.61%

Puerto Rico Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Puerto Rico Income by Household Type

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Name Median Mean
Households$20,539$32,924
Families$24,979$37,484
Married Families$32,947$47,744
Non Families$12,257$20,695
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Income by Household Type

Puerto Rico Marital Status

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Marriage Rates

36.0%

Overall Marriage Rate

38.5%

Male Marriage Rate

33.8%

Female Marriage Rate

Puerto Rico Married by Age and Sex

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Puerto Rico Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 55-64.

Puerto Rico Marital Status by Race

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Puerto Rico Marital Status

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76,216

Number of Veterans

72,736

Male Veterans

3,480

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Vietnam26,700
Korea14,113
Second Gulf War11,767
First Gulf War10,499
World War II1,682

Puerto Rico Veterans by War

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Age Group Veterans
75+27,163
65 to 7420,395
55 to 6413,267
35 to 5411,569
18 to 343,822

Puerto Rico Veterans by Age

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Name Veterans % of Total
Hispanic74,3492.82%
White55,0303.12%
Black8,6512.72%
Other8,1061.85%
2 or More4,2003.07%
Indian1482.64%
Asian811.63%

Puerto Rico Veterans by Race

Puerto Rico Veterans by Education

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18.14%

Veteran Poverty Rate

43.51%

Veteran Disability Rate

Puerto Rico Veterans by Education

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44.5%

Labor Force Participation

37.3%

Employment Rate

16.1%

Unemployment Rate

Puerto Rico Employment by Age

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Puerto Rico Employment by Race

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Puerto Rico Employment by Education

Origin of Non-Citizens

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Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

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0.00%

Born in Puerto Rico

97.27%

Native Born

2.73%

Foreign Born

1.40%

Non Citizen

1.33%

Naturalized

Place of Birth

97.27% of Puerto Rico residents were born in the United States, with 0.00% having been born in Puerto Rico. 1.40% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.

Puerto Rico Place of Birth