Right To Work States 2020

Some states in the United States are classified as “right to work” states. Even if you’ve heard the term, you may not know what it means. In its simplest terms, what does it mean when a state is a right to work state?

If a state is a right to work state, this means that there are laws that allow residents to work without being forced to join a union or pay union fees. Many times, unions try to convince employers to sign contracts which would require all employees to pay union fees to be employed. In states where there are right-to-work laws, employers and labor unions are prohibited from forcing any employee that is not part of the union to pay fees. Some states also include language that prohibits employers and unions from requiring union membership as a condition for employment.

In the following states, right-to-work laws designate that payment of union dues or fees can’t be a requirement for employment:

In some states, it is outright prohibited to use the payment of union fees as a condition of employment. In others, it is not allowed unless it is in writing.

The states that have laws against union membership as a condition of employment are:

  • Alabama
  • Arizona
  • Arkansas
  • Florida
  • Georgia
  • Idaho
  • Indiana
  • Iowa
  • Kansas
  • Kentucky
  • Louisiana
  • Michigan
  • Mississippi
  • Missouri
  • Nebraska
  • Nevada
  • North Carolina
  • North Dakota
  • Oklahoma
  • South Carolina
  • South Dakota
  • Tennessee
  • Texas
  • Utah
  • Virginia
  • West Virginia
  • Wisconsin
  • Wyoming

The penalties for employers or unions that violate these laws vary by state. In some states, victims can sue for damages. Other states will punish offenders with fines, imprisonment, or a combination of both.

Right To Work States 2020

State Right to Work Law Adopted 2020 Pop.
Alabama19534,908,621
Arkansas19473,038,999
Georgia194710,736,059
Idaho19851,826,156
Indiana20126,745,354
Iowa19473,179,849
Kansas19582,910,357
Kentucky20174,499,692
Louisiana19764,645,184
Michigan201210,045,029
Mississippi19542,989,260
Nebraska19461,952,570
North Carolina194710,611,862
North Dakota1947761,723
Oklahoma20013,954,821
South Carolina19545,210,095
South Dakota1946903,027
Tennessee19476,897,576
Texas194729,472,295
Utah19553,282,115
Virginia19478,626,207
West Virginia20161,778,070
Wisconsin20155,851,754
Wyoming1963567,025