Abilene, Texas Population 2021

124,710
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Abilene is a city located in Taylor County Texas. It is also the county seat of Taylor County. With a 2020 population of 124,710, it is the 29th largest city in Texas and the 226th largest city in the United States . Abilene is currently growing at a rate of 0.52% annually and its population has increased by 6.53% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 117,063 in 2010. Abilene reached it's highest population of 124,710 in 2021. Spanning over 112 miles, Abilene has a population density of 1,169 people per square mile.

The average household income in Abilene is $67,808 with a poverty rate of 16.49%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to $924 per month, and the median house value is $120,400. The median age in Abilene is 31.6 years, 31 years for males, and 32.3 years for females.

Abilene's Dyess Air Force Base, combined with rapid expansion particularly in the southwest, southeast and northeast sections of the city, has led to continued population growth in Abilene. Recent expansions in the city, as well as initiatives to lure in new businesses, have contributed to Abilene’s population growth. While growth has slowed down since the population boom in the early 20th century, it is still steady, with the most recent estimates showing an increase of 4.4% since the last census in 2010. This indicates that Abilene is continuing to grow at a slower—but still steady—rate.

Cattle ranching and trade helped to build the city of Abilene. The area was founded officially in 1881 and was marked into lots that were sold quickly to the campers that were looking to make a living in Texas. The first college came just ten years later.

In 1940, the city funded the purchase of enough land to provide a US Army base just outside of town. The station brought thousands of people to the area and helped strengthen the economy and the population during and after the Second World War.

Abilene Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Abilene was:

  • White: 72.21%
  • Other race: 10.94%
  • Black or African American: 10.60%
  • Two or more races: 3.11%
  • Asian: 2.27%
  • Native American: 0.86%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.00%
The current population of Abilene, Texas is 124,710 based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates. The US Census estimates the 2018 population at 122,775.The last official US Census in 2010 recorded the population at 117,063.

Abilene, Texas Population 2021

2019 and 2020 population is estimated by projecting the raw 2018 numbers.

Year Population Growth Growth Rate
2021173,8809100.52%
2020172,9709100.53%
2019172,0609100.53%
2018171,1507210.42%
2017170,4294120.24%
2016170,0173290.19%
2015169,6881,3460.79%
2014168,3428690.52%
2013167,473310.02%
2012167,4428080.48%
2011166,6341,0490.63%
2010165,5850.00%

Abilene Metro Area Population by Year

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage
White89,65872.21%
Some Other Race13,58410.94%
Black or African American13,16110.60%
Two or More Races3,8603.11%
Asian2,8202.27%
American Indian and Alaska Native1,0680.86%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander50.00%
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Abilene Population by Race

Abilene Population Pyramid $2021

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Abilene Median Age

31.6


Total

31


Male

32.3


Female

Abilene Adults

There are 95,438 adults, (16,218 of whom are seniors) in Abilene.

Abilene Age Dependency

56.7

Age Dependency Ratio

20.5

Old Age Dependency Ratio

36.3

Child Dependency Ratio

Abilene Sex Ratio

Female

60,459

48.70%

Male

63,697

51.30%

Abilene Population by Age

Abilene Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

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Abilene Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married69.7%30.3%
All54%46%
Male48.2%51.8%
Non Family41.1%58.9%
Female39.3%60.7%

54.0%

Rate of Home Ownership

Abilene Households and Families

Type Count Average Size Owned
All42,7862.5854
Married19,3253.2469.7
Non Family15,4541.3641.1
Female6,1603.439.3
Male1,8473.2148.2

3.19

Average Family Size

2.58

Average Household Size

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Abilene Households by Type

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Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade3,5334.64%
9th to 12th Grade6,2778.24%
High School Graduate24,54232.20%
Some College18,03523.66%
Associates Degree5,9417.79%
Bachelors Degree11,61615.24%
Graduate Degree6,2748.23%
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Abilene Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Abilene Educational Attainment by Race

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Race Total High School Bachelors
White47,40144,18314,261
Hispanic17,83513,0451,539
Black7,6846,254956
Other Race7,6475,184460
Asian1,8501,570793
2+ Races1,7021,412233
Native American619577106
Islander44

The highest rate of high school graduation is among islander people with a rate of 100.00%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among asian people with a rate of 42.86%.

Abilene Educational Attainment by Race

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Name Average Male Female
Overall$32,474$39,500$27,596
Less Than 9th Grade$19,727$26,641$15,714
High School Graduate$26,394$31,619$21,175
Some College$32,258$38,095$28,547
Bachelors Degree$47,170$54,682$42,273
Graduate Degree$63,284$74,246$53,861

$32,474

Average Earnings

$39,500

Average Male

$27,596

Average Female

Abilene Earnings by Educational Attainment

Abilene Language by Age

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Abilene Language

80.79% of Abilene residents speak only English, while 19.21% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 15.12% of the population.

Abilene Language

Abilene Poverty by Race

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Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
White66,9668,50012.69%
Hispanic29,7336,53821.99%
Other12,0022,82623.55%
Black9,6512,50926.00%
Asian2,64848418.28%
Native91431634.57%
Multiple2,76531311.32%

16.49%

Overall Poverty Rate

14.82%

Male Poverty Rate

18.02%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Abilene

The race most likely to be in poverty in Abilene is Native, with 34.57% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Abilene is Multiple, with 11.32% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 4.05%. Among those working part-time, it was 27.00%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 24.18%.

Abilene Poverty

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Name Poverty
Less Than 9th Grade28.87%
High School16.33%
Some College9.10%
Bachelors or Greater5.21%

Abilene Poverty Rate by Education

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Rate Poverty
Female Unemployed30.80%
Male Unemployed21.32%
Female Employed13.17%
Male Employed7.89%

Abilene Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Abilene Income by Household Type

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Name Median Mean
Households$50,659$67,808
Families$62,628$79,180
Married Families$76,460$93,721
Non Families$32,126$44,082
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Income by Household Type

Abilene Marital Status

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Marriage Rates

42.8%

Overall Marriage Rate

42.8%

Male Marriage Rate

42.7%

Female Marriage Rate

Abilene Married by Age and Sex

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Abilene Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 45-54.

Abilene Marital Status by Race

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Abilene Marital Status

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8,991

Number of Veterans

8,013

Male Veterans

978

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Second Gulf War3,221
Vietnam2,627
First Gulf War2,317
Korea538
World War II288

Abilene Veterans by War

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Age Group Veterans
35 to 542,225
18 to 341,823
55 to 641,716
65 to 741,638
75+1,589

Abilene Veterans by Age

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Name Veterans % of Total
White7,20610.67%
Hispanic1,2925.82%
Black9099.73%
Other Race5105.46%
2+ Races1848.14%
Native American11214.56%
Asian703.15%

Abilene Veterans by Race

Abilene Veterans by Education

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7.52%

Veteran Poverty Rate

32.38%

Veteran Disability Rate

Abilene Veterans by Education

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61.3%

Labor Force Participation

55.1%

Employment Rate

3.6%

Unemployment Rate

Abilene Employment by Age

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Abilene Employment by Race

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Abilene Employment by Education

Origin of Non-Citizens

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Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

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66.32%

Born in Abilene

93.23%

Native Born

6.77%

Foreign Born

3.89%

Non Citizen

2.88%

Naturalized

Place of Birth

93.23% of Abilene residents were born in the United States, with 66.32% having been born in Texas. 3.89% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.

Abilene Place of Birth

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2021124,7106450.52%
2020124,0656450.52%
2019123,4206450.53%
2018122,7755890.48%
2017122,1863030.25%
2016121,8831760.14%
2015121,7071,0590.88%
2014120,6488510.71%
2013119,797-56-0.05%
2012119,8531,0910.92%
2011118,7629570.81%
2010117,8051,8750.16%
2000115,9309,2760.84%
1990106,6548,3390.82%
198098,3158,6620.93%
197089,653-715-0.08%
196090,36844,7987.09%
195045,57018,9585.53%
194026,6123,4371.39%
193023,17512,9018.47%
192010,2741,0701.11%
19109,2045,79310.44%
19003,4112170.66%
18903,1940.00%

Abilene Population by Year