Abilene, Texas Population 2023

127,618

Abilene is a city located in Taylor County Texas. It is also the county seat of Taylor County. With a 2023 population of 127,618, it is the 29th largest city in Texas and the 235th largest city in the United States.Abilene is currently growing at a rate of 0.64% annually and its population has increased by 1.95% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 125,182 in 2020. Spanning over 112 miles, Abilene has a population density of 1,196 people per square mile.

The average household income in Abilene is $67,808 with a poverty rate of 16.94%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to - per month, and the median house value is -. The median age in Abilene is 32 years, 31.3 years for males, and 32.8 years for females.

Abilene's Dyess Air Force Base, combined with rapid expansion particularly in the southwest, southeast and northeast sections of the city, has led to continued population growth in Abilene. Recent expansions in the city, as well as initiatives to lure in new businesses, have contributed to Abilene’s population growth. While growth has slowed down since the population boom in the early 20th century, it is still steady, with the most recent estimates showing an increase of 4.4% since the last census in 2010. This indicates that Abilene is continuing to grow at a slower—but still steady—rate.

Cattle ranching and trade helped to build the city of Abilene. The area was founded officially in 1881 and was marked into lots that were sold quickly to the campers that were looking to make a living in Texas. The first college came just ten years later.

In 1940, the city funded the purchase of enough land to provide a US Army base just outside of town. The station brought thousands of people to the area and helped strengthen the economy and the population during and after the Second World War.

Abilene Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Abilene was:

  • White: 71.07%
  • Black or African American: 10.28%
  • Other race: 10.07%
  • Two or more races: 5.44%
  • Asian: 2.37%
  • Native American: 0.77%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0%
The current population of Abilene, Texas is 127,618 based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates.The last official US Census in 2020 recorded the population at 125,182.

Abilene, Texas Population 2023

Population by Race

White

Black or African American

Other race

Two or more races

Asian

Native American

Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander

Abilene Population by Race

Abilene Population Pyramid 2023

Abilene Median Age

32

Total

31.3

Male

32.8

Female

Abilene Adults

There are 95,777 adults, (16,428 of whom are seniors) in Abilene.

Abilene Age Dependency

57.1

Age Dependency Ratio

20.7

Old Age Dependency Ratio

36.4

Child Dependency Ratio

Abilene Sex Ratio

Female60,65248.64%
Male64,03951.36%

Abilene Population by Age

Abilene Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

3.13

Average Family Size

2.55

Average Household Size

54.0%

Rate of Home Ownership

Married

Male

Female

NonFamily

owner

renter

Abilene Households and Families

Male

Female

Less Than 9th Grade

9th to 12th Grade

High School Graduate

Some College

Associates Degree

Bachelors Degree

Graduate Degree

Abilene Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Abilene Educational Attainment by Race

High School Graduation Rate

Bachelors Rate

The highest rate of high school graduation is among islander people with a rate of 100%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among asian people with a rate of 35.09%.

Abilene Educational Attainment by Race

All

Male

Female

$34,355

Average Earnings

$40,924

Average Male

$28,714

Average Female

Abilene Earnings by Educational Attainment

Abilene Language by Age

Only English

Spanish

Other Indo-European Languages

Asian and Pacific Island Languages

Other Languages

Abilene Language

80.47% of Abilene residents speak only English, while 19.53% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 15.33% of the population.

Abilene Language

Abilene Poverty by Race

rate

16.94%

Overall Poverty Rate

13.33%

Male Poverty Rate

16.99%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Abilene

The race most likely to be in poverty in Abilene is Native, with 34.15% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Abilene is White, with 13.14% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 4.05%. Among those working part-time, it was 24.86%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 22.98%.

Abilene Poverty

Abilene Poverty Rate by Education

Abilene Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Abilene Income by Household Type

Households

Families

MarriedFamilies

NonFamilies

mean

median

Income by Household Type

Abilene Marital Status

Married

Widowed

Divorced

Separated

NeverMarried

Marriage Rates

43.6%

Overall Marriage Rate

43.9%

Male Marriage Rate

43.2%

Female Marriage Rate

Abilene Married by Age and Sex

male

female

Abilene Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 35-44.

Abilene Marital Status by Race

Married

Widowed

Divorced

Separated

NeverMarried

Abilene Marital Status

Second Gulf War

First Gulf War

Vietnam

Korea

World War II

8,918

Number of Veterans

7,900

Male Veterans

1,018

Female Veterans

Abilene Veterans by War

Abilene Veterans by Age

count

Abilene Veterans by Race

Abilene Veterans by Education

Less Than 9th Grade

High School Graduate

Some College

Bachelors or Greater

6.35%

Veteran Poverty Rate

32.24%

Veteran Disability Rate

Abilene Veterans by Education

LaborForceParticipation

62%

Labor Force Participation

56.1%

Employment Rate

3.4%

Unemployment Rate

Abilene Employment by Age

LaborForceParticipation

Abilene Employment by Race

LaborForceParticipation

Abilene Employment by Education

Origin of Non-Citizens

Europe

Asia

Africa

Oceania

Latin America

North America

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

Europe

Asia

Africa

Oceania

Latin America

North America

65.97%

Born in Abilene

92.52%

Native Born

7.09%

Foreign Born

4.33%

Non Citizen

2.76%

Naturalized

Place of Birth

92.52% of Abilene residents were born in the United States, with 65.97% having been born in Texas. 4.33% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.

Abilene Place of Birth

Note: data after 2020 is projected based on recent growth

Abilene Population by Year