Abilene, Texas Population 2022

126,806
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Abilene is a city located in Taylor County Texas. It is also the county seat of Taylor County. With a 2020 population of 126,806, it is the 28th largest city in Texas and the 233rd largest city in the United States. Abilene is currently growing at a rate of 0.64% annually and its population has increased by 1.30% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 125,182 in 2020. Spanning over 112 miles, Abilene has a population density of 1,189 people per square mile.

The average household income in Abilene is $67,808 with a poverty rate of 15.23%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to $918 per month, and the median house value is $131,300. The median age in Abilene is 31.6 years, 31 years for males, and 32.3 years for females.

Abilene's Dyess Air Force Base, combined with rapid expansion particularly in the southwest, southeast and northeast sections of the city, has led to continued population growth in Abilene. Recent expansions in the city, as well as initiatives to lure in new businesses, have contributed to Abilene’s population growth. While growth has slowed down since the population boom in the early 20th century, it is still steady, with the most recent estimates showing an increase of 4.4% since the last census in 2010. This indicates that Abilene is continuing to grow at a slower—but still steady—rate.

Cattle ranching and trade helped to build the city of Abilene. The area was founded officially in 1881 and was marked into lots that were sold quickly to the campers that were looking to make a living in Texas. The first college came just ten years later.

In 1940, the city funded the purchase of enough land to provide a US Army base just outside of town. The station brought thousands of people to the area and helped strengthen the economy and the population during and after the Second World War.

Abilene Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Abilenewas:

  • White: 71.07%
  • Black or African American: 10.28%
  • Other race: 10.07%
  • Two or more races: 5.44%
  • Asian: 2.37%
  • Native American: 0.77%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.00%
The current population of Abilene, Texas is 126,806 based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates.The last official US Census in 2020 recorded the population at 125,182.

Abilene, Texas Population 2022

2021 and 2022 population is estimated by projecting the 2019 numbers.

Year Population Growth Growth Rate
2010165,5850.00%
2011166,6341,0490.63%
2012167,4428080.48%
2013167,473310.02%
2014168,3428690.52%
2015169,6881,3460.79%
2016170,0173290.19%
2017170,4294120.24%
2018171,1507210.42%
2019172,0609100.53%
2020172,9709100.53%
2021173,8809100.52%

Abilene Metro Area Population by Year

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage
White88,61471.07%
Black or African American12,81910.28%
American Indian and Alaska Native9580.77%
Asian2,9522.37%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander40.00%
Some Other Race12,55810.07%
Two or More Races6,7865.44%
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Abilene Population by Race

Abilene Population Pyramid 2022

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Abilene Median Age

32


Total

31.3


Male

32.8


Female

Abilene Adults

There are 95,777 adults, (16,428 of whom are seniors) in Abilene.

Abilene Age Dependency

Age Dependency Ratio

20.7

Old Age Dependency Ratio

36.4

Child Dependency Ratio

Abilene Sex Ratio

Female

60,652

48.64%

Male

64,039

51.36%

Abilene Population by Age

Abilene Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

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Abilene Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married71.6%28.4%
All54%46%
Male41.3%58.7%
Female39.2%60.8%
Non Family38.4%61.6%

54.0%

Rate of Home Ownership

Abilene Households and Families

Type Count Average Size Owned
All43,6072.5554
Married20,1243.1671.6
Male2,0553.2941.3
Female5,9393.439.2
Non Family15,4891.3338.4

3.13

Average Family Size

2.55

Average Household Size

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Abilene Households by Type

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Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade3,5434.60%
9th to 12th Grade6,3318.23%
High School Graduate24,22331.48%
Some College17,43722.66%
Associates Degree6,2978.18%
Bachelors Degree12,19815.85%
Graduate Degree6,9289.00%
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Abilene Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Abilene Educational Attainment by Race

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Race Total High School Bachelors
Asian1,8911,611840
White47,51044,47715,100
Native American572534105
Black7,6066,130950
2+ Races3,3072,696360
Hispanic18,42313,4461,845
Other Race7,1194,723408
Islander22

The highest rate of high school graduation is among islander people with a rate of 100.00%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among asian people with a rate of 44.42%.

Abilene Educational Attainment by Race

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Name Average Male Female
Overall$34,355$40,924$28,714
Less Than 9th Grade$18,577$25,942$12,660
High School Graduate$26,864$32,194$22,058
Some College$34,829$40,587$29,907
Bachelors Degree$48,357$54,300$43,471
Graduate Degree$62,327$72,092$55,769

$34,355

Average Earnings

$40,924

Average Male

$28,714

Average Female

Abilene Earnings by Educational Attainment

Abilene Language by Age

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Abilene Language

80.47% of Abilene residents speak only English, while 19.53% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 15.33% of the population.

Abilene Language

Abilene Poverty by Race

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Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
Native83128033.69%
Black9,3232,50226.84%
Hispanic30,4175,72218.81%
Asian2,79948017.15%
White66,7637,96511.93%
Other2,265NaN%
Multiple5,29862511.80%

15.23%

Overall Poverty Rate

13.33%

Male Poverty Rate

16.99%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Abilene

The race most likely to be in poverty in Abilene is Native, with 33.69% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Abilene is Multiple, with 11.80% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 4.05%. Among those working part-time, it was 24.86%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 22.98%.

Abilene Poverty

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Name Poverty
Less Than 9th Grade31.12%
High School15.47%
Some College8.33%
Bachelors or Greater3.49%

Abilene Poverty Rate by Education

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Rate Poverty
Male Employed7.03%
Male Unemployed18.97%
Female Employed12.73%
Female Unemployed29.76%

Abilene Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Abilene Income by Household Type

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Name Median Mean
Households$52,518$70,807
Families$67,079$82,646
Married Families$79,458$97,142
Non Families$30,537$45,953
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Income by Household Type

Abilene Marital Status

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Marriage Rates

43.6%

Overall Marriage Rate

43.9%

Male Marriage Rate

43.2%

Female Marriage Rate

Abilene Married by Age and Sex

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Abilene Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 35-44.

Abilene Marital Status by Race

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Abilene Marital Status

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8,918

Number of Veterans

Male Veterans

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Second Gulf War3,594
First Gulf War2,157
Vietnam2,429
Korea568
World War II223

Abilene Veterans by War

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Age Group Veterans
18 to 341,844
35 to 542,305
55 to 641,494
65 to 741,640
75+1,635

Abilene Veterans by Age

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Name Veterans % of Total
White7,07810.54%
Black93510.15%
Native American9313.84%
Asian773.57%
Other Race4354.97%
2+ Races3007.56%
Hispanic1,2255.41%

Abilene Veterans by Race

Abilene Veterans by Education

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6.35%

Veteran Poverty Rate

32.24%

Veteran Disability Rate

Abilene Veterans by Education

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62%

Labor Force Participation

56.1%

Employment Rate

3.4%

Unemployment Rate

Abilene Employment by Age

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Abilene Employment by Race

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Abilene Employment by Education

Origin of Non-Citizens

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Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

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66.23%

Born in Abilene

92.88%

Native Born

7.12%

Foreign Born

4.35%

Non Citizen

2.77%

Naturalized

Place of Birth

92.88% of Abilene residents were born in the United States, with 66.23% having been born in Texas. 4.35% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.

Abilene Place of Birth

Note: 2021 and 2022 data is projected
Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
18903,1940.00%
19003,4112170.66%
19109,2045,79310.44%
192010,2741,0701.11%
193023,17512,9018.47%
194026,6123,4371.39%
195045,57018,9585.53%
196090,36844,7987.09%
197089,653-715-0.08%
198098,3158,6620.93%
1990106,6548,3390.82%
2000115,9309,2760.84%
2010117,0631,1330.10%
2011117,8758120.69%
2012118,6878120.69%
2013119,4998120.68%
2014120,3118120.68%
2015121,1238120.67%
2016121,9358120.67%
2017122,7478120.67%
2018123,5598120.66%
2019124,3718120.66%
2020125,1828110.65%
2021125,9948120.65%
2022126,8068120.64%

Abilene Population by Year