Abilene, Texas Population 2020

123,707

Abilene is a city located in Texas. With a 2020 population of 123,707, it is the 30th largest city in Texas and the 228th largest city in the United States. Abilene is currently growing at a rate of 0.29% annually and its population has increased by 5.68% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 117,063 in 2010. Spanning over 112 miles, Abilene has a population density of 1,160 people per square mile.

The average household income in Abilene is $65,622 with a poverty rate of 16.97%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to $912 per month, and the median house value is $114,000. The median age in Abilene is 31.3 years, 30.6 years for males, and 32.2 years for females. For every 100 females there are 106.8 males.

Abilene's Dyess Air Force Base, combined with rapid expansion particularly in the southwest, southeast and northeast sections of the city, has led to continued population growth in Abilene. Recent expansions in the city, as well as initiatives to lure in new businesses, have contributed to Abilene’s population growth. While growth has slowed down since the population boom in the early 20th century, it is still steady, with the most recent estimates showing an increase of 4.4% since the last census in 2010. This indicates that Abilene is continuing to grow at a slower—but still steady—rate.

Cattle ranching and trade helped to build the city of Abilene. The area was founded officially in 1881 and was marked into lots that were sold quickly to the campers that were looking to make a living in Texas. The first college came just ten years later.

In 1940, the city funded the purchase of enough land to provide a US Army base just outside of town. The station brought thousands of people to the area and helped strengthen the economy and the population during and after the Second World War.

Abilene Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Abilene was:

  • White: 71.60%
  • Other race: 11.34%
  • Black or African American: 10.37%
  • Two or more races: 3.28%
  • Asian: 2.38%
  • Native American: 0.99%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.04%
The current population of Abilene, Texas is 123,707, based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates. The US Census estimates the 2018 population at 122,999.The last official US Census in 2010 recorded the population at 117,063.

Abilene, Texas Population 2020

Year Total Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2020173,3219350.54%
2019172,3869350.54%
2018171,4519350.55%
2017170,5164980.29%
2016170,0183140.18%
2015169,7041,3490.79%
2014168,3558830.52%
2013167,472250.01%
2012167,4478310.50%
2011166,6161,0330.62%
2010165,5830.00%

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage
White88,55871.60%
Some Other Race14,02311.34%
Black or African American12,82010.37%
Two or More Races4,0573.28%
Asian2,9492.38%
American Indian and Alaska Native1,2250.99%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander440.04%

Abilene Population Pyramid 2020

Abilene Median Age

31.3


Total

30.6


Male

32.2


Female

Abilene Adults

There are 95,055 adults, (15,877 of whom are seniors) in Abilene.

Abilene Age Dependency

56.2

Age Dependency Ratio

20.1

Old Age Dependency Ratio

36.1

Child Dependency Ratio

Abilene Sex Ratio

Female

59,803

48.35%

Male

63,873

51.65%

Abilene Households and Families

Abilene Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

Abilene Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married69.6%30.4%
All54.1%45.9%
Male51.6%48.4%
Non Family40.9%59.1%
Female39.1%60.9%

54.1%

Rate of Home Ownership

Type Count Average Size Owned
All42,3272.654.1
Married19,1363.2369.6
Non Family15,1291.3940.9
Female6,1613.3439.1
Male1,9013.4351.6

3.18

Average Family Size

2.6

Average Household Size

6.8%

Unmarried (Opposite Sex)

0.3%

Unmarried (Same Sex)

Abilene Education

Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade3,9595.23%
9th to 12th Grade6,5118.61%
High School Graduate23,74531.39%
Some College18,65224.66%
Associates Degree5,7497.60%
Bachelors Degree11,32814.97%
Graduate Degree5,7047.54%

Abilene Educational Attainment by Race

Name Total High School Bachelors
White47,29943,71013,645
Hispanic17,50912,6741,523
Other Race7,8215,374480
Black7,5625,922817
Asian1,8811,568769
Multiple Races1,6721,341285
Native American73769253
Islander44

The highest rate of high school graduation is among islander people with a rate of 100.00%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among asian people with a rate of 40.88%.

Name Average Male Female
Overall$31,644$37,373$26,208
Less Than High School$17,669$23,655$15,067
High School Grad$26,156$30,901$20,840
Some College$31,670$37,652$26,881
Bachelors Degree$44,462$52,070$40,129
Graduate Degree$63,641$75,385$53,590

$31,644

Average Earnings

$37,373

Average Male

$26,208

Average Female

Abilene Language

Abilene Language by Age

Abilene Language

80.94% of Abilene residents speak only English, while 19.06% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 14.81% of the population.

Abilene Poverty

Abilene Poverty by Race

Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
White66,9048,67412.96%
Hispanic29,6636,80222.93%
Other12,4153,25826.24%
Black9,2472,51327.18%
Multiple2,88050917.67%
Asian2,76449818.02%
Native1,04221720.83%
Islander423890.48%

16.97%

Overall Poverty Rate

14.99%

Male Poverty Rate

18.83%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Abilene

The race most likely to be in poverty in Abilene is Islander, with 90.48% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Abilene is White, with 12.96% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 4.12%. Among those working part-time, it was 27.70%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 24.43%.

Name Poverty
Less Than High School30.27%
High School15.29%
Some College10.01%
Bachelors or Greater5.08%
Name Poverty
Female Unemployed40.82%
Male Unemployed21.22%
Female Employed13.56%
Male Employed7.98%

Abilene Income

Abilene Income by Household Type

Name Median Mean
Households$47,689$65,622
Families$58,431$75,791
Married Families$72,524$89,004
Non Families$31,807$44,135

Abilene Marital Status

Abilene Marital Status

Marriage Rates

42.7%

Overall Marriage Rate

42.6%

Male Marriage Rate

42.8%

Female Marriage Rate

Abilene Married by Age and Sex

Abilene Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 55-64.

Abilene Marital Status by Race

Abilene Veterans

9,163

Number of Veterans

8,194

Male Veterans

969

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Second Gulf War3,269
Vietnam2,662
First Gulf War2,526
Korea544
World War II370
Age Group Veterans
35 to 542,264
18 to 342,012
65 to 741,697
75+1,615
55 to 641,575
Name Veterans % of Total
White7,65311.40%
Hispanic1,1925.48%
Black7828.50%
Other4214.42%
2 or More1727.50%
Indian748.54%
Asian612.66%

$Abilene Veterans by Education

6.10%

Veteran Poverty Rate

30.11%

Veteran Disability Rate

Abilene Employment Status

61.1%

Labor Force Participation

54.7%

Employment Rate

4.5%

Unemployment Rate

Abilene Place of Birth

Origin of Non-Citizens

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

66.04%

Born in Texas

93.59%

Native Born

6.41%

Foreign Born

3.73%

Non Citizen

Place of Birth

93.59% of Abilene residents were born in the United States, with 66.04% having been born in Texas. 3.73% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2020123,7073540.29%
2019123,3533540.29%
2018122,9997890.65%
2017122,2103540.29%
2016121,8561620.13%
2015121,6941,0470.87%
2014120,6478550.71%
2013119,792-60-0.05%
2012119,8521,1030.93%
2011118,7499430.80%
2010117,8061,8760.16%
2000115,9309,2760.84%
1990106,6548,3390.82%
198098,3158,6620.93%
197089,653-715-0.08%
196090,36844,7987.09%
195045,57018,9585.53%
194026,6123,4371.39%
193023,17512,9018.47%
192010,2741,0701.11%
19109,2045,79310.44%
19003,4112170.66%
18903,1940.00%