Amarillo, Texas Population 2020

202,028

Amarillo is a city located in Potter County, Texas. With a 2020 population of 202,028, it is the 16th largest city in Texas and the 119th largest city in the United States. Amarillo is currently growing at a rate of 0.52% annually and its population has increased by 5.94% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 190,695 in 2010. Spanning over 103 miles, Amarillo has a population density of 1,986 people per square mile.

The average household income in Amarillo is $71,308 with a poverty rate of 15.12%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to $839 per month, and the median house value is $127,200. The median age in Amarillo is 33.9 years, 32.4 years for males, and 35.3 years for females. For every 100 females there are 95.9 males.

In the Texas Panhandle area, it is the largest city by population.

Amarillo Age, Gender, and Education Statistics

Over 20% of the adults living in Amarillo have a bachelor’s degree. Almost 80% of residents over the age of 25 have their high school diploma.

Amarillo Population Growth

Amarillo has seen rapid population growth throughout its history which is only expected to continue. The city’s population by the 1910 census had almost reached 10,000. By 1930, it surpassed 40,000 before growing to over 50,000 in the next decade. By 1960, Amarillo had over 137,000 residents. This number has continued to grow steadily except a 7.9% decline recorded at the 1970 census. Many of the population growths over time exceed 20,000 new residents every ten years. The city’s population is just under 200,000 according to recent estimates and is expected to surpass 204,000 residents this year.

What is currently known as Amarillo was established as a settlement in 1887 when J.I. Berry wanted to create a town located near the main trading center of the region. The townsite was approved and was designated as the county seat for Potter County. Initially, it was named Oneida. The name was later changed to Amarillo and is believed to be nominated for the yellow wildflowers that grow in the area.

In 1888, Joseph Glidden and Henry Sanborn began purchasing land to move the city due to the risk of floods in the current area. He appealed to businesses by offering to trade lots with them and to assist in paying moving expenses. As more people took up these offers, the commercial district of Polk Street began to develop. Growth continued the following year when a flood almost occurred at the original site. The new town was elected as a county seat in the 1890s.

Before the next century, Amarillo had already established itself as a cattle-shipping point. Because of this, the population continued to grow. The 20th century saw an increase in the production of wheat, turning the city into a center for milling, grain, and feed-manufacturing. The early 1900s also brought in oil and gas companies following the discovery of oil and natural gas. In the 1920s, the Cliffside Gas Field was purchased by the U.S. government, and the Federal Bureau of Mines operated the Amarillo Helium Plant. It was the only producer of commercial helium at the time and has earned Amarillo the nickname of “Helium Capital of the World.”

Growth only continued with the introduction of the Fort Worth and Denver City Railroad. The Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway and the Chicago, Rock Island and Pacific Railroad also came to the area and employed many of Amarillo’s residents.

The city was affected by an economic depression in the mid-1900s but bounced back after it became a major tourist destination with the introduction of Routes 60, 66, 87 and 287. In 1949, the city was struck by a tornado, killing and injuring residents and destroying much of the city. Another tornado hit in 1982, but no deaths were recorded.

Today, the city is known as Rotor City, USA because of its hybrid aircraft assembly plant. It is also one of the largest meat-packing cities in the country. Amarillo is also the site of the only nuclear weapons assembly and disassembly facility in the U.S. The city’s population continues to grow, especially in the northwestern and southern areas of the city. Though the downtown area has gone downhill, the local government has established partnerships to revitalize this area. Amarillo is an appealing place for residents and visitors alike, boasting over 50 city parks, historic homes and buildings, restaurants, shopping centers, and other attractions.

Amarillo Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Amarillo was:

  • White: 82.52%
  • Black or African American: 6.60%
  • Asian: 4.04%
  • Two or more races: 3.57%
  • Other race: 2.72%
  • Native American: 0.47%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.08%
The current population of Amarillo, Texas is 202,028, based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates. The US Census estimates the 2018 population at 199,924. The last official US Census in 2010 recorded the population at 190,695.
Year Total Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2020267,9319920.37%
2019266,9399920.37%
2018265,9479920.37%
2017264,9551,6280.61%
2016263,3271,5230.58%
2015261,8049300.36%
2014260,8741,9360.74%
2013258,9381,1170.43%
2012257,8211,8490.72%
2011255,9723,2951.29%
2010252,6770.00%

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage
White164,03682.52%
Black or African American13,1136.60%
Asian8,0244.04%
Two or More Races7,0883.57%
Some Other Race5,4152.72%
American Indian and Alaska Native9310.47%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander1660.08%

Amarillo Population Pyramid 2020

Amarillo Median Age

33.9


Total

32.4


Male

35.3


Female

Amarillo Adults

There are 145,083 adults, (25,731 of whom are seniors) in Amarillo.

Amarillo Age Dependency

66.5

Age Dependency Ratio

21.6

Old Age Dependency Ratio

45

Child Dependency Ratio

Amarillo Sex Ratio

Female

101,491

51.06%

Male

97,282

48.94%

Amarillo Households and Families

Amarillo Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

Amarillo Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married77.3%22.7%
All60.2%39.8%
Male47.9%52.1%
Non Family46.3%53.7%
Female41.7%58.3%

60.2%

Rate of Home Ownership

Type Count Average Size Owned
All75,5632.6160.2
Married35,1633.3377.3
Non Family26,0081.2146.3
Female10,5773.3741.7
Male3,8153.3247.9

3.26

Average Family Size

2.61

Average Household Size

5.1%

Unmarried (Opposite Sex)

0.2%

Unmarried (Same Sex)

Amarillo Education

Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade8,7846.95%
9th to 12th Grade11,2818.93%
High School Graduate33,04926.16%
Some College33,14626.24%
Associates Degree10,5888.38%
Bachelors Degree19,84615.71%
Graduate Degree9,6437.63%

Amarillo Educational Attainment by Race

Name Total High School Bachelors
White78,96473,37124,081
Hispanic33,54422,2052,794
Black7,2666,061954
Asian4,6782,9211,271
Other Race3,5302,282283
Multiple Races2,6322,190337
Native American714599119
Islander998022

The highest rate of high school graduation is among white people with a rate of 92.92%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among white people with a rate of 30.50%.

Name Average Male Female
Overall$35,282$42,302$29,472
Less Than High School$25,375$29,266$20,638
High School Grad$29,428$34,026$23,475
Some College$35,027$46,723$28,301
Bachelors Degree$50,809$65,208$43,678
Graduate Degree$62,117$75,321$55,856

$35,282

Average Earnings

$42,302

Average Male

$29,472

Average Female

Amarillo Language

Amarillo Language by Age

Amarillo Language

75.13% of Amarillo residents speak only English, while 24.87% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 19.22% of the population.

Amarillo Poverty

Amarillo Poverty by Race

Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
Hispanic63,87514,29922.39%
White107,5969,7269.04%
Black12,6873,41626.93%
Multiple7,0321,44420.53%
Asian7,9721,32816.66%
Other5,39197918.16%
Native91915717.08%
Islander1625030.86%

15.12%

Overall Poverty Rate

13.63%

Male Poverty Rate

16.54%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Amarillo

The race most likely to be in poverty in Amarillo is Islander, with 30.86% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Amarillo is White, with 9.04% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 4.52%. Among those working part-time, it was 19.61%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 23.42%.

Name Poverty
Less Than High School25.35%
High School13.39%
Some College9.81%
Bachelors or Greater3.87%
Name Poverty
Female Unemployed30.22%
Male Unemployed29.29%
Female Employed8.96%
Male Employed7.53%

Amarillo Income

Amarillo Income by Household Type

Name Median Mean
Households$52,543$71,308
Families$63,264$83,671
Married Families$76,760$98,493
Non Families$31,865$44,874

Amarillo Marital Status

Amarillo Marital Status

Marriage Rates

49.3%

Overall Marriage Rate

51.7%

Male Marriage Rate

47.1%

Female Marriage Rate

Amarillo Married by Age and Sex

Amarillo Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 35-44.

Amarillo Marital Status by Race

Amarillo Veterans

11,284

Number of Veterans

10,301

Male Veterans

983

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Vietnam3,787
First Gulf War2,727
Second Gulf War2,250
Korea1,060
World War II472
Age Group Veterans
35 to 542,954
65 to 742,460
75+2,344
55 to 642,226
18 to 341,300
Name Veterans % of Total
White10,1888.37%
Hispanic1,5593.77%
Black5436.04%
2 or More3048.52%
Other1112.63%
Asian811.47%
Indian577.23%

$Amarillo Veterans by Education

6.84%

Veteran Poverty Rate

30.57%

Veteran Disability Rate

Amarillo Employment Status

67.5%

Labor Force Participation

64.9%

Employment Rate

3.6%

Unemployment Rate

Amarillo Place of Birth

Origin of Non-Citizens

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

66.14%

Born in Texas

87.93%

Native Born

12.07%

Foreign Born

8.35%

Non Citizen

Place of Birth

87.93% of Amarillo residents were born in the United States, with 66.14% having been born in Texas. 8.35% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2020202,0281,0520.52%
2019200,9761,0520.53%
2018199,92450.00%
2017199,9191,0520.53%
2016198,8679780.49%
2015197,8897010.36%
2014197,1889450.48%
2013196,2438540.44%
2012195,3891,6420.85%
2011193,7472,4921.30%
2010191,25517,6280.97%
2000173,62716,0120.97%
1990157,6158,3850.55%
1980149,23022,2201.63%
1970127,010-10,959-0.82%
1960137,96963,7236.39%
195074,24622,5603.69%
194051,6868,5541.83%
193043,13227,63810.78%
192015,4945,5374.52%
19109,9578,55721.67%
19001,40090010.84%
18905000.00%