Anchorage is a city located in Anchorage County, Alaska. With a 2020 population of 285,634, it is the largest city in Alaska and the 72nd largest city in the United States. Anchorage is currently declining at a rate of -1.02% annually and its population has decreased by -2.12% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 291,826 in 2010. Anchorage reached it's highest population of 301,155 in 2013. Spanning over 1944 miles, Anchorage has a population density of 167 people per square mile.
The average household income in Anchorage is $106,840 with a poverty rate of 9.17%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to $1,306 per month, and the median house value is $308,000. The median age in Anchorage is 33.2 years, 32.4 years for males, and 34.1 years for females. For every 100 females there are 104.3 males.
Anchorage Population Comparison
More than 40% of Alaska's population lives in the city. Of the 50 states, only New York has a higher percentage of residents living in its largest city. The Anchorage metropolitan area, which includes Anchorage and the Matanuska-Susitna Borough, has a population estimated at 385,000, which is the 134th largest metro area in the United States.
Anchorage Common National Ancestries
Common national ancestries in Anchorage include German (17.3%), Irish (10.8%), English (9.1%), Scandinavian (6.9%), and French/French Canadian (5.6%). Of the Scandinavians in Anchorage, 3.6% are Norwegian, 2.2% are Sweden and 0.6% are Danish.
Anchorage Population Growth
Anchorage is currently preparing to experience the greatest growth spurt in its history, with growth that will relieve demand for office space and housing that has driven up rent and mortgage costs n the city. Modest population and economic growth is expected for Anchorage as employment goes up, population climbs steadily, personal income improves, and oil prices continue to rise.
The first description of Anchorage comes from an explorer in 1778, named Captain James Cook. While he first explored the area, Russians were the first to inhabit the space. Their inhabitation began in 1784 and Russia established a presence in the area in the 19th century, although the United States brokered a deal in 1867 to purchase the state from Imperial Russia for $7.2 million, or two cents per acre. In 1888, gold was discovered in the area, and Alaska became a U.S. territory in 1912. Anchorage itself did not have any essential metal minerals like gold, and only two white men were reported to have lived in the area in 1910 before a large group of settlers.
In 1914, railroad headquarters were built in the area and Anchorage quickly began growing in size. It was incorporated in 1920, and the Alaska Railroad was completed in 1923. By the 1930s and 50s, Anchorage went through substantial growth as the military and air transportation industries grew in importance. In the late 1960s, oil was discovered nearby, and an oil boom spurred more significant growth in the city.