Asheville, North Carolina Population 2020

93,758

Asheville is a city located in Buncombe County, North Carolina. With a 2020 population of 93,758, it is the 12th largest city in North Carolina and the 356th largest city in the United States. Asheville is currently growing at a rate of 0.70% annually and its population has increased by 12.43% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 83,393 in 2010. Spanning over 46 miles, Asheville has a population density of 2,057 people per square mile.

The average household income in Asheville is $68,735 with a poverty rate of 13.46%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to $1,001 per month, and the median house value is $242,500. The median age in Asheville is 39.1 years, 38.1 years for males, and 40.3 years for females. For every 100 females there are 88.9 males.

Asheville serves as the county seat of Buncombe County and is located in the Blue Ridge Mountains.

Area Employers

The largest employers in the area include Mission Health System, Buncombe County Schools System and Ingles Markets. Each of these companies employs over 3,000 people. The State of North Carolina and Buncombe County also use thousands of people.

Asheville Population Growth

Though Asheville’s growth was quite slow during its earliest years, it has seen steady growth according to data from censuses dating back to the 1800s. The city did lose inhabitants during the 1970s and 1980s but quickly rebounded to again post strong growth at the time of the census in 1990. Between 2000 and 2010m the city saw 21.1% growth as the city continues to grow and modernize. Recent estimates show that the population is up almost 9% since the last census was taken in 2010, indicating that this mountain city still has much growing to do in its future.

The region that is now known as Asheville was first inhabited by Cherokees. The European explorer Hernando de Soto first arrived in 1540 and brought diseases which killed many of the natives. The region was primarily used for hunting by these visitors.

In 1784, Asheville was settled by Colonel Samuel Davidson after redeeming a land grant. However, he was killed, and his wife, child, and slave fled. His twin brother and his brother-in-law returned to retrieve the body and avenge the murder. At the end of the expedition, the men and their extended family settled in the area. The nearby county seat was incorporated with the land and renamed as Asheville after the governor of North Carolina.

It was during the 1880s that the Western North Carolina Railroad constructed a line running from Salisbury to Asheville. It was at this time that the population began to increase, although it was quite slow. Industrial plants were being erected during this time, attracting more residents.

By 1900, Asheville was the third largest city in North Carolina. The city was quite prosperous in the decades that followed. It was during the early 1900s that the Burton Street Community for African Americans was developed and a sanitary district was established in West Asheville, which later incorporated within Asheville’s borders. As with other cities around the nation, the Great Depression had a significant impact on Asheville, with eight of its banks closing and the city debt reaching the highest in the nation. The city didn’t default on its obligations that were used to build infrastructure and buildings but instead paid it off. Because of this, economic growth was, and much of the downtown area was left as it originally was.

The positive thing about this is that the city has retained much of its buildings constructed in the Art Deco style, including its city hall. There is other noteworthy architecture located throughout the city, including the Grove Park Inn, which is a luxurious hotel and spa situated in the Blue Ridge Mountains.

Today, Asheville is a beautiful mountainous city that offers modern attractions, many restaurants, and hotels, as well as historic landmarks and sights, including the popular Biltmore House, the largest private residence in the country that draws in visitors from all around the world.

Asheville Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Asheville was:

  • White: 83.01%
  • Black or African American: 11.69%
  • Two or more races: 2.32%
  • Asian: 1.84%
  • Other race: 0.52%
  • Native American: 0.33%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.29%
The current population of Asheville, North Carolina is 93,758, based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates. The US Census estimates the 2018 population at 92,452. The last official US Census in 2010 recorded the population at 83,393.
Year Total Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2020468,2454,3300.92%
2019463,9154,3300.93%
2018459,5854,3300.94%
2017455,2554,7961.05%
2016450,4595,7861.28%
2015444,6734,9581.11%
2014439,7153,8920.89%
2013435,8234,8721.12%
2012430,9512,8780.67%
2011428,0732,7350.64%
2010425,3380.00%

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage
White75,15083.01%
Black or African American10,58411.69%
Two or More Races2,0972.32%
Asian1,6661.84%
Some Other Race4670.52%
American Indian and Alaska Native3020.33%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander2650.29%

Asheville Population Pyramid 2020

Asheville Median Age

39.1


Total

38.1


Male

40.3


Female

Asheville Adults

There are 74,773 adults, (16,613 of whom are seniors) in Asheville.

Asheville Age Dependency

55.7

Age Dependency Ratio

28.6

Old Age Dependency Ratio

27.1

Child Dependency Ratio

Asheville Sex Ratio

Female

47,928

52.94%

Male

42,603

47.06%

Asheville Households and Families

Asheville Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

Asheville Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married69.2%30.8%
Male60.2%39.8%
All49.6%50.4%
Female42.4%57.6%
Non Family37%63%

49.6%

Rate of Home Ownership

Type Count Average Size Owned
All40,7572.1449.6
Non Family21,6951.3437
Married14,5602.9269.2
Female3,5073.4442.4
Male9953.4460.2

2.94

Average Family Size

2.14

Average Household Size

6.8%

Unmarried (Opposite Sex)

1%

Unmarried (Same Sex)

Asheville Education

Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade1,6092.42%
9th to 12th Grade3,4775.23%
High School Graduate11,65817.52%
Some College12,33618.54%
Associates Degree5,6748.53%
Bachelors Degree19,14728.78%
Graduate Degree12,62618.98%

Asheville Educational Attainment by Race

Name Total High School Bachelors
White53,77150,85028,893
Black7,1706,3921,139
Hispanic3,2632,084671
Asian1,2441,124717
Multiple Races975894340
Other Race35534383
Native American21819424
Islander5959

The highest rate of high school graduation is among islander people with a rate of 100.00%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among asian people with a rate of 57.64%.

Name Average Male Female
Overall$32,550$35,474$31,127
Less Than High School$18,270$21,534$16,371
High School Grad$23,738$23,996$22,500
Some College$28,835$31,276$26,114
Bachelors Degree$39,337$44,655$35,092
Graduate Degree$51,634$63,309$44,597

$32,550

Average Earnings

$35,474

Average Male

$31,127

Average Female

Asheville Language

Asheville Language by Age

Asheville Language

90.98% of Asheville residents speak only English, while 9.02% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 4.86% of the population.

Asheville Poverty

Asheville Poverty by Race

Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
White68,2067,80311.44%
Black10,2152,19121.45%
Hispanic5,2131,20823.17%
Multiple1,92243422.58%
Asian1,6311348.22%
Other409153.67%

13.46%

Overall Poverty Rate

12.42%

Male Poverty Rate

14.39%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Asheville

The race most likely to be in poverty in Asheville is Hispanic, with 23.17% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Asheville is Other, with 3.67% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 3.03%. Among those working part-time, it was 20.18%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 19.96%.

Name Poverty
Less Than High School30.43%
High School19.43%
Some College13.05%
Bachelors or Greater4.80%
Name Poverty
Female Unemployed49.93%
Male Unemployed42.50%
Female Employed9.07%
Male Employed7.07%

Asheville Income

Asheville Income by Household Type

Name Median Mean
Households$47,803$68,735
Families$68,578$91,180
Married Families$83,348-
Non Families$34,070$47,232

Asheville Marital Status

Asheville Marital Status

Marriage Rates

40.4%

Overall Marriage Rate

44.3%

Male Marriage Rate

37.2%

Female Marriage Rate

Asheville Married by Age and Sex

Asheville Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 35-44.

Asheville Marital Status by Race

Asheville Veterans

5,703

Number of Veterans

5,261

Male Veterans

442

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Vietnam2,243
Second Gulf War941
First Gulf War759
Korea663
World War II358
Name Veterans % of Total
White4,7377.49%
Black7369.17%
2 or More12810.30%
Hispanic1082.84%
Asian846.21%
Other184.25%

$Asheville Veterans by Education

9.26%

Veteran Poverty Rate

30.78%

Veteran Disability Rate

Asheville Employment Status

64.2%

Labor Force Participation

61.7%

Employment Rate

3.5%

Unemployment Rate

Asheville Place of Birth

Origin of Non-Citizens

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

44.39%

Born in North Carolina

92.93%

Native Born

7.07%

Foreign Born

4.17%

Non Citizen

Place of Birth

92.93% of Asheville residents were born in the United States, with 44.39% having been born in North Carolina. 4.17% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
202093,7586530.70%
201993,1056530.71%
201892,4526540.71%
201791,7986530.72%
201691,1451,7581.97%
201589,3871,5321.74%
201487,8551,4881.72%
201386,3671,0381.22%
201285,3298741.03%
201184,4559841.18%
201083,47114,5821.94%
200068,8897,2821.12%
199061,6077,5851.32%
198054,022-3,907-0.70%
197057,929-2,257-0.38%
196060,1867,1861.28%
195053,0001,6900.32%
194051,3101,1170.22%
193050,19321,6895.82%
192028,5049,7424.27%
191018,7624,0682.47%
190014,6944,4593.68%
189010,2357,61914.62%
18802,6160.00%