Bakersfield, California Population 2020

390,233

Bakersfield is a city located in Kern County, California. With a 2020 population of 390,233, it is the 9th largest city in California and the 50th largest city in the United States. Bakersfield is currently growing at a rate of 0.86% annually and its population has increased by 12.30% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 347,483 in 2010. Spanning over 151 miles, Bakersfield has a population density of 2,606 people per square mile.

The average household income in Bakersfield is $81,610 with a poverty rate of 18.46%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to $1,078 per month, and the median house value is $240,900. The median age in Bakersfield is 30.7 years, 30 years for males, and 31.6 years for females. For every 100 females there are 96.8 males.

There are two interesting statistics about the population of Bakersfield. Multiple studies have found that it is one of the least educated metro areas in the country, having one of the lowest populations of adults with bachelor’s degrees when compared to other metropolitan areas. The city was ranked as one of the most obese metro areas in the US, with over 33% of inhabitants classified as obese, exceeding the national average of 26.5%.

Bakersfield Population Growth

Bakersfield has seen steady growth throughout its history, with each 10-year census reflecting increase since 1990. The highest rate of growth was recorded between the 1880 and 1890 censuses – over 227% growth recorded during this time. While the population has not grown at such a rapid rate, double-digit percentage growths have been observed every ten years. The population in 2016 was already up over 8% from the census data taken in 2010. Based on the past growth of this city, the population is only expected to continue to grow and will soon hit the next milestone of 400,000 residents.

Bakersfield history dates back thousands of years. However, it was first explored by the Europeans in 1776. It wasn’t until the discovery of oil and gold that the city became settled. The original settlement was washed away in floods in the 1860s and was moved in 1863. By the 1870s, the settlement had a population of several hundred people. It was incorporated as a city in 1873 and the following year was designated as the county seat.

Throughout the 1800s, the city’s population continued to grow. Many people moved to Bakersfield from states including Oklahoma, Texas and Louisiana, as well as other cities in California, due to the employment opportunities offered within the oil industry. The city’s population has continued to grow, and it has been one of the fastest-growing cities in the state. Not only does it still have a thriving oil industry, but it is also a regional transportation hub. The city has lots to do for both tourists and residents, including annual events, historic restaurants and landmarks, and multiple theaters.

Bakersfield Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Bakersfield was:

  • White: 68.21%
  • Other race: 11.92%
  • Black or African American: 7.36%
  • Asian: 7.33%
  • Two or more races: 3.90%
  • Native American: 1.05%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.22%
The current population of Bakersfield, California is 390,233, based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates. The US Census estimates the 2018 population at 383,579. The last official US Census in 2010 recorded the population at 347,483.
Year Total Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2020912,3167,7760.85%
2019904,5407,7760.86%
2018896,7647,7760.87%
2017888,9886,6270.75%
2016882,3615,1640.59%
2015877,1977,2400.83%
2014869,9577,4000.85%
2013862,5578,5941.00%
2012853,9635,8230.68%
2011848,1407,0680.83%
2010841,0720.00%

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage
White256,26668.21%
Some Other Race44,79211.92%
Black or African American27,6617.36%
Asian27,5537.33%
Two or More Races14,6613.90%
American Indian and Alaska Native3,9461.05%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander8200.22%

Bakersfield Population Pyramid 2020

Bakersfield Median Age

30.7


Total

30


Male

31.6


Female

Bakersfield Adults

There are 262,579 adults, (36,616 of whom are seniors) in Bakersfield.

Bakersfield Age Dependency

66.3

Age Dependency Ratio

16.2

Old Age Dependency Ratio

50.1

Child Dependency Ratio

Bakersfield Sex Ratio

Female

190,901

50.81%

Male

184,798

49.19%

Bakersfield Households and Families

Bakersfield Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

Bakersfield Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married72.7%27.3%
All58.7%41.3%
Male51.6%48.4%
Non Family46.9%53.1%
Female36.4%63.6%

58.7%

Rate of Home Ownership

Type Count Average Size Owned
All116,8543.1858.7
Married59,7973.872.7
Non Family29,0311.3146.9
Female19,2253.8936.4
Male8,8013.5151.6

3.66

Average Family Size

3.18

Average Household Size

7.9%

Unmarried (Opposite Sex)

0.4%

Unmarried (Same Sex)

Bakersfield Education

Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade21,0029.39%
9th to 12th Grade22,83210.21%
High School Graduate57,97925.92%
Some College54,49324.36%
Associates Degree18,5978.31%
Bachelors Degree31,96214.29%
Graduate Degree16,8227.52%

Bakersfield Educational Attainment by Race

Name Total High School Bachelors
Hispanic94,74063,16710,389
White90,76584,34226,158
Other Race23,98815,7292,584
Asian18,13714,9587,906
Black15,54213,2243,073
Multiple Races5,7005,0231,435
Native American2,0101,513104
Islander537482118

The highest rate of high school graduation is among white people with a rate of 92.92%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among asian people with a rate of 43.59%.

Name Average Male Female
Overall$38,236$45,566$30,705
Less Than High School$22,169$27,666$16,731
High School Grad$32,454$40,612$23,522
Some College$36,984$47,989$28,768
Bachelors Degree$62,099$74,182$51,851
Graduate Degree$80,140$89,753$74,348

$38,236

Average Earnings

$45,566

Average Male

$30,705

Average Female

Bakersfield Language

Bakersfield Language by Age

Bakersfield Language

58.90% of Bakersfield residents speak only English, while 41.10% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 33.61% of the population.

Bakersfield Poverty

Bakersfield Poverty by Race

Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
Hispanic185,11541,83922.60%
White124,23813,92611.21%
Other44,53210,48623.55%
Black27,2658,69831.90%
Asian27,2943,14511.52%
Multiple14,4432,92620.26%
Native3,9441,13728.83%
Islander82020925.49%

18.46%

Overall Poverty Rate

16.42%

Male Poverty Rate

20.44%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Bakersfield

The race most likely to be in poverty in Bakersfield is Black, with 31.90% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Bakersfield is White, with 11.21% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 4.83%. Among those working part-time, it was 18.14%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 27.10%.

Name Poverty
Less Than High School28.27%
High School16.43%
Some College12.66%
Bachelors or Greater3.85%
Name Poverty
Female Unemployed35.50%
Male Unemployed30.99%
Female Employed10.58%
Male Employed7.10%

Bakersfield Income

Bakersfield Income by Household Type

Name Median Mean
Households$62,340$81,610
Families$66,914$87,633
Married Families$85,758$106,274
Non Families$40,780$55,728

Bakersfield Marital Status

Bakersfield Marital Status

Marriage Rates

47.6%

Overall Marriage Rate

49.5%

Male Marriage Rate

45.7%

Female Marriage Rate

Bakersfield Married by Age and Sex

Bakersfield Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 35-44.

Bakersfield Marital Status by Race

Bakersfield Veterans

13,897

Number of Veterans

12,933

Male Veterans

964

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Vietnam5,157
First Gulf War2,499
Second Gulf War2,487
Korea1,047
World War II497
Age Group Veterans
65 to 743,673
35 to 543,136
75+2,758
55 to 642,747
18 to 341,583
Name Veterans % of Total
White10,7215.88%
Hispanic3,2122.75%
Black1,2316.54%
Other8202.75%
2 or More5757.37%
Asian3071.50%
Indian1917.74%
Hawaiian528.71%

$Bakersfield Veterans by Education

9.06%

Veteran Poverty Rate

29.85%

Veteran Disability Rate

Bakersfield Employment Status

63.9%

Labor Force Participation

58.3%

Employment Rate

8.7%

Unemployment Rate

Bakersfield Place of Birth

Origin of Non-Citizens

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

68.62%

Born in California

81.62%

Native Born

18.38%

Foreign Born

10.22%

Non Citizen

Place of Birth

81.62% of Bakersfield residents were born in the United States, with 68.62% having been born in California. 10.22% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2020390,2333,3270.86%
2019386,9063,3270.87%
2018383,5794,4081.16%
2017379,1713,3270.89%
2016375,8443,5490.95%
2015372,2954,5901.25%
2014367,7054,2561.17%
2013363,4495,5911.56%
2012357,8584,2181.19%
2011353,6404,2321.21%
2010349,408102,3513.53%
2000247,05772,2373.52%
1990174,82069,2095.17%
1980105,61136,0964.27%
197069,51512,6672.03%
196056,84822,0645.03%
195034,7845,5321.75%
194029,2523,2371.18%
193026,0157,3773.39%
192018,6385,9113.89%
191012,7277,89110.16%
19004,8362,2106.30%
18902,6261,82512.61%
18808010.00%