Baton Rouge, Louisiana Population 2020

221,599

Baton Rouge is the capital of Louisiana and located in East Baton Rouge Parish along the Mississippi River. The city is a large research, medical, technology and industrial center of the South. Baton Rouge is located 157 miles north of the Gulf of Mexico and 80 miles out of New Orleans.

Baton Rouge is the second-largest metropolitan city in Louisiana with a population estimated at 221,599. The Greater Baton Rouge area, however, has a population of 825,000 while the urban area has close to 600,000 people.

Baton Rouge Diversity Statistics

Baton Rouge has a relatively high female-to-male ratio with 90.5 males for every 100 females, or only 86.3 males for every 100 females over 18. A quarter of the population lives below the poverty line.

It's very common to hear a French accent in Baton Rouge today, with more than one-third of the population of Louisiana having French ancestry. Interestingly, Baton Rouge did not develop ethnic neighborhoods like most developing cities but instead settlement based on wealth. This led Asians, Cajuns, Italians, and other Europeans to live side-by-side, although the black community was the exception.

Over the last 50 years, there has been a great deal of migration of black people from the rural areas to the urban area of Baton Rouge. In 1960, the city was only 30% black.

Baton Rouge History

The area of Baton Rouge has been inhabited since at least 8000 BC, with mounds built by hunter-gatherers that are more than 1,000 years older than the pyramids of Egypt.

The history of modern-day Baton Rouge goes back to 1699 when a French explorer named Sieur d'Iberville led an expedition party up the Mississippi River and found a red-colored cypress pole with bloody animals marking the boundary between tribal hunting grounds. This pole and the area were called le baton rouge, or the red stick. In 1719, Baton Rouge was established as a French military outpost.

The French lost Baton Rouge to the British under the Treaty of Paris in 1736 but maintained a fort through 1779. It was then that the Spanish governor in New Orleans sent an army to the city and captured it from the British. It then stayed under Spanish rule until 1810 when residents -- primarily Anglo-Americans -- took the city and proclaimed the Republic of West Florida. Baton Rouge was an independent republic for 74 days until the Americans in New Orleans raised the American flag.

Baton Rouge was incorporated in 1817 and became the capital of the state in 1849. By the end of the Civil War, it had a population of 5,500, which grew to more than 10,000 by 1893.

Baton Rouge Population Growth

Baton Rouge has been one of the fastest-growing cities in the South with a population that exploded briefly after Hurricane Katrina when it accepted about 200,000 displaced residents. It is still one of the fastest-growing metropolitan areas in the country among areas with a population under one million. Last year, the city was ranked number one in the country for economic growth.

The city is now experiencing stagnant population growth while the suburbs are proliferating. In 2013, the city's population was 229,400, about 580 less than the previous year and 0.03% down from 2010.

Baton Rouge Facts

  • Baton Rouge is French for "Red Stick"
  • Baton Rouge has been under seven governments: French, English, Spanish, West Floridian, Louisiana, Confederate, and American.
  • Baton Rouge was an independent republic for 74 days.
  • The city's port is the 9th largest in the U.S. in terms of shipped tonnage.
  • Baton Rouge's State Capital Building is the tallest in the country.

Baton Rouge Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Baton Rouge was:

  • Black or African American: 54.97%
  • White: 38.73%
  • Asian: 3.22%
  • Two or more races: 1.40%
  • Other race: 1.39%
  • Native American: 0.25%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.04%

How Many People Live in Baton Rouge, Louisiana?

221,599
Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2018221,599-2,349-1.05%
2017223,948-2,449-1.08%
2016226,397-647-0.28%
2015227,044-730-0.32%
2014227,774-506-0.22%
2013228,280-554-0.24%
2012228,8342390.10%
2011228,595-774-0.34%
2010229,3691,5510.07%
2000227,8188,2870.37%
1990219,531-863-0.04%
1980220,39454,4732.88%
1970165,92113,5020.85%
1960152,41926,7901.95%
1950125,62990,91013.72%
194034,7193,9901.23%
193030,7298,9473.50%
192021,7826,8853.87%
191014,8973,6282.83%
190011,2697910.73%
189010,4783,2813.83%
18807,1976991.03%
18706,4981,0701.82%
18605,4281,5233.35%
18503,9051,6055.44%
18402,3000.00%
Year Total Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2018831,3101280.02%
2017831,182-2,481-0.30%
2016833,6635,4520.65%
2015828,2114,3720.53%
2014823,8395,0250.61%
2013818,8145,7020.70%
2012813,1124,8720.60%
2011808,2403,9420.49%
2010804,2980.00%

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage
Black or African American123,88754.97%
White87,27938.73%
Asian7,2643.22%
Two or More Races3,1481.40%
Some Other Race3,1321.39%
American Indian and Alaska Native5620.25%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander900.04%

Baton Rouge Population Pyramid 2020

Baton Rouge Median Age

31.2


Total

29.6


Male

32.8


Female

Baton Rouge Adults

There are 176,372 adults, (30,316 of whom are seniors) in Baton Rouge.

Baton Rouge Age Dependency

54.3

Age Dependency Ratio

20.8

Old Age Dependency Ratio

33.5

Child Dependency Ratio

Baton Rouge Sex Ratio

Female

118,016

52.37%

Male

107,346

47.63%

Baton Rouge Households and Families

Baton Rouge Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

Baton Rouge Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married76.4%23.6%
All49.1%50.9%
Male43%57%
Non Family36.7%63.3%
Female36.6%63.4%

49.1%

Rate of Home Ownership

Type Count Average Size Owned
All85,2632.5449.1
Non Family39,6711.3936.7
Married25,9183.376.4
Female15,5153.9936.6
Male4,1593.4943

3.46

Average Family Size

2.54

Average Household Size

6.3%

Unmarried (Opposite Sex)

0.5%

Unmarried (Same Sex)

Baton Rouge Education

Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade4,9223.62%
9th to 12th Grade11,3738.37%
High School Graduate37,34127.50%
Some College30,86222.73%
Associates Degree6,3964.71%
Bachelors Degree26,08819.21%
Graduate Degree18,81813.86%

Baton Rouge Educational Attainment by Race

Name Total High School Bachelors
Black70,46457,86610,974
White54,66052,74029,961
Asian4,5053,8332,330
Hispanic4,4873,4141,008
Other Race1,7031,108155
Multiple Races1,4371,378561
Native American39728892
Islander1313

The highest rate of high school graduation is among islander people with a rate of 100.00%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among white people with a rate of 54.81%.

Name Average Male Female
Overall$32,674$41,009$27,986
Less Than High School$18,691$22,305$14,452
High School Grad$23,786$29,331$19,882
Some College$30,323$36,903$25,746
Bachelors Degree$49,414$61,888$41,990
Graduate Degree$60,772$78,995$51,484

$32,674

Average Earnings

$41,009

Average Male

$27,986

Average Female

Baton Rouge Language

Baton Rouge Language by Age

Baton Rouge Language

91.99% of Baton Rouge residents speak only English, while 8.01% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 3.28% of the population.

Baton Rouge Poverty

Baton Rouge Poverty by Race

Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
Black120,68937,74831.28%
White78,40112,99516.58%
Hispanic7,9242,51631.75%
Asian7,1671,17516.39%
Other3,0861,00832.66%
Multiple2,94552417.79%
Native56212922.95%
Islander901314.44%

25.24%

Overall Poverty Rate

23.82%

Male Poverty Rate

26.56%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Baton Rouge

The race most likely to be in poverty in Baton Rouge is Other, with 32.66% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Baton Rouge is Islander, with 14.44% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 5.32%. Among those working part-time, it was 34.11%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 34.55%.

Name Poverty
Less Than High School39.21%
High School21.34%
Some College14.38%
Bachelors or Greater5.87%
Name Poverty
Female Unemployed54.24%
Male Unemployed42.93%
Female Employed18.09%
Male Employed11.79%

Baton Rouge Income

Baton Rouge Income by Household Type

Name Median Mean
Households$41,761$67,336
Families$56,682$85,665
Married Families$89,270$117,942
Non Families$28,816$44,625

Baton Rouge Marital Status

Baton Rouge Marital Status

Marriage Rates

30.9%

Overall Marriage Rate

33.1%

Male Marriage Rate

28.9%

Female Marriage Rate

Baton Rouge Married by Age and Sex

Baton Rouge Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 45-54.

Baton Rouge Marital Status by Race

Baton Rouge Veterans

9,852

Number of Veterans

8,655

Male Veterans

1,197

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Vietnam3,436
First Gulf War1,921
Second Gulf War1,674
Korea851
World War II509
Age Group Veterans
75+2,482
65 to 742,435
35 to 542,239
55 to 641,665
18 to 341,031

Baton Rouge Veterans by Race

Name Veterans % of Total
Black4,7115.24%
White4,7016.22%
Asian1892.99%
Hispanic1622.81%
2 or More1587.33%
Indian479.75%
Other462.50%

Baton Rouge Veterans by Education

10.24%

Veteran Poverty Rate

29.05%

Veteran Disability Rate

Baton Rouge Employment Status

64.3%

Labor Force Participation

58.7%

Employment Rate

8.5%

Unemployment Rate

Baton Rouge Place of Birth

Origin of Non Citizens

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

77.18%

Born in Louisiana

94.81%

Native Born

5.19%

Foreign Born

3.32%

Non Citizen

Place of Birth

94.81% of Baton Rouge residents were born in the United States, with 77.18% having been born in Louisiana. 3.32% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Asia.