Bozeman, Montana Population 2020

52,034

Bozeman is a city located in Gallatin County, Montana. With a 2020 population of 52,034, it is the 4th largest city in Montana (after Billings, Missoula, and Great Falls) and the 764th largest city in the United States. Bozeman is currently growing at a rate of 3.48% annually and its population has increased by 39.58% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 37,280 in 2010. Spanning over 20 miles, Bozeman has a population density of 2,558 people per square mile.

The average household income in Bozeman is $71,652 with a poverty rate of 18.62%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to $1,016 per month, and the median house value is $343,000. The median age in Bozeman is 28 years, 26.8 years for males, and 29.3 years for females. For every 100 females there are 113.5 males.

Bozeman Population Growth

Bozeman’s population has seen steady gains since the census of 1870. The population exceeded 2,000 before the end of the 19th century. The city’s population continued to grow at a steady rate through the 20th century, surpassing 11,000 at the time of the 1950 census. By 1980, the population had nearly doubled. Recent estimates show that the population is up 21.4% since the last census was taken in 2010, indicating that Bozeman is on track to reaching 50,000 residents in the near future.

Indigenous tribes for thousands of years inhabited the area that is now Bozeman. These groups included the Nez Perce, Blackfeet, Shoshone, and Sioux. During the 19th century, the city was visited by William Clark during his expedition. It was later that century in 1863 when John Bozeman and his partner John Jacobs opened the Bozeman Trail off of the Oregon Trail, which went through Virginia City and what would one day be Bozeman.

The town was plotted out and established the next year, and although the Bozeman Trail was closed before the end of the 1860s, the fertile land in the area brought in more settlers. During the same decade, gold miner Nelson Story brought over 1,000 cattle and established a ranch in Paradise Valley. Some of this land was later donated to Montana State University. The town of Bozeman was incorporated in 1883.

Fort Ellis was also established but was decommissioned in 1886. The end of the 19th century brought growth to Bozeman with the addition of a library, a fish hatchery, and Montana State University – Bozeman. The 20th century saw continued growth, including the construction of the first high school, a federal building, and a post office. Canneries in the area were producing canned peas, and at one time, the city was one of the largest producers in the country.

In the 1950s, the city opened up Bridger Bowl, its first ski area. In the 1970s, the Big Sky Ski Resort was established and is still in operation today as one of the most popular tourist destinations in the area. The Museum of the Rockies was also built in the 1950s, as the city and its population continued to grow. These attractions and the outdoor recreational activities including fishing, kayaking, and mountain climbing have attracted residents and tourists to the area.

The city has continued to grow with the expansion of the Bozeman Yellowstone International Airport, the quality of life, and employment and educational opportunities.

Bozeman Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Bozeman was:

  • White: 92.36%
  • Two or more races: 3.08%
  • Asian: 2.48%
  • Native American: 0.94%
  • Black or African American: 0.60%
  • Other race: 0.52%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.02%
The current population of Bozeman, Montana is 52,034, based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates. The US Census estimates the 2018 population at 48,532. The last official US Census in 2010 recorded the population at 37,280.

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage
White41,67692.36%
Two or More Races1,3883.08%
Asian1,1182.48%
American Indian and Alaska Native4230.94%
Black or African American2690.60%
Some Other Race2360.52%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander110.02%

Bozeman Population Pyramid 2020

Bozeman Median Age

28


Total

26.8


Male

29.3


Female

Bozeman Adults

There are 38,269 adults, (4,080 of whom are seniors) in Bozeman.

Bozeman Age Dependency

32

Age Dependency Ratio

11.9

Old Age Dependency Ratio

20

Child Dependency Ratio

Bozeman Sex Ratio

Female

21,132

46.83%

Male

23,989

53.17%

Bozeman Households and Families

Bozeman Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

Bozeman Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married70.9%29.1%
All44%56%
Female41.9%58.1%
Male35.2%64.8%
Non Family27.4%72.6%

44.0%

Rate of Home Ownership

Type Count Average Size Owned
All18,5392.2444
Non Family10,1621.6927.4
Married6,6032.9870.9
Female1,0062.6341.9
Male7682.6535.2

2.84

Average Family Size

2.24

Average Household Size

8.9%

Unmarried (Opposite Sex)

0.2%

Unmarried (Same Sex)

Bozeman Education

Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade1950.76%
9th to 12th Grade3561.39%
High School Graduate3,24012.63%
Some College5,78622.56%
Associates Degree1,5155.91%
Bachelors Degree8,82434.41%
Graduate Degree5,72822.34%

Bozeman Educational Attainment by Race

Name Total High School Bachelors
White23,57323,11413,723
Hispanic752700175
Asian710710414
Multiple Races260260132
Native American19415518
Black16116085
Other Race13313322
Islander55

The highest rate of high school graduation is among asian people with a rate of 100.00%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among asian people with a rate of 58.31%.

Name Average Male Female
Overall$36,536$39,422$31,321
Less Than High School$15,699$26,375$2,500
High School Grad$25,484$28,475$17,384
Some College$27,426$31,250$24,779
Bachelors Degree$40,479$44,021$34,087
Graduate Degree$55,547$58,831$52,480

$36,536

Average Earnings

$39,422

Average Male

$31,321

Average Female

Bozeman Language

Bozeman Language by Age

Bozeman Language

94.75% of Bozeman residents speak only English, while 5.25% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 1.69% of the population.

Bozeman Poverty

Bozeman Poverty by Race

Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
White37,7026,70117.77%
Multiple1,25235528.35%
Hispanic1,32833124.92%
Asian1,04827125.86%
Native38010627.89%
Black2388636.13%
Other231166.93%

18.62%

Overall Poverty Rate

18.60%

Male Poverty Rate

18.65%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Bozeman

The race most likely to be in poverty in Bozeman is Black, with 36.13% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Bozeman is Other, with 6.93% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 4.06%. Among those working part-time, it was 35.87%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 21.46%.

Name Poverty
Less Than High School17.49%
High School14.49%
Some College12.32%
Bachelors or Greater5.96%
Name Poverty
Male Unemployed50.12%
Female Unemployed29.63%
Female Employed18.81%
Male Employed15.19%

Bozeman Income

Bozeman Income by Household Type

Name Median Mean
Households$51,896$71,652
Families$82,984$100,849
Married Families$95,672-
Non Families$36,203$45,966

Bozeman Marital Status

Bozeman Marital Status

Marriage Rates

35.6%

Overall Marriage Rate

33.4%

Male Marriage Rate

38.0%

Female Marriage Rate

Bozeman Married by Age and Sex

Bozeman Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is 45-54, while the female age group most likely to be married is 45-54.

Bozeman Marital Status by Race

Bozeman Veterans

2,022

Number of Veterans

1,574

Male Veterans

448

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Second Gulf War749
Vietnam475
First Gulf War397
Korea110
World War II65
Name Veterans % of Total
White1,8465.18%
Hispanic14312.42%
2 or More14315.85%
Indian3311.96%

$Bozeman Veterans by Education

7.16%

Veteran Poverty Rate

25.11%

Veteran Disability Rate

Bozeman Employment Status

73.3%

Labor Force Participation

70.4%

Employment Rate

3.8%

Unemployment Rate

Bozeman Place of Birth

Origin of Non-Citizens

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

37.41%

Born in Montana

95.54%

Native Born

4.46%

Foreign Born

2.67%

Non Citizen

Place of Birth

95.54% of Bozeman residents were born in the United States, with 37.41% having been born in Montana. 2.67% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Asia.

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
202052,0341,7513.48%
201950,2831,7513.61%
201848,5321,5813.37%
201746,9511,7513.87%
201645,2001,8664.31%
201543,3341,6894.06%
201441,6451,8574.67%
201339,7881,1432.96%
201238,6455541.45%
201138,0917552.02%
201037,3369,8273.10%
200027,5094,8491.96%
199022,6601,0150.46%
198021,6452,9751.49%
197018,6705,3093.40%
196013,3612,0361.67%
195011,3252,6602.71%
19408,6651,8102.37%
19306,8556721.04%
19206,1831,0761.93%
19105,1071,6884.09%
19003,4190.00%