Bridgeport is a city located in Fairfield County, Connecticut. With a 2020 population of 143,010, it is the largest city in Connecticut and the 189th largest city in the United States. Bridgeport is currently declining at a rate of -0.66% annually and its population has decreased by -0.85% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 144,229 in 2010. Bridgeport reached it's highest population of 158,709 in 1950. Spanning over 19 miles, Bridgeport has a population density of 8,902 people per square mile.
The average household income in Bridgeport is $62,879 with a poverty rate of 21.38%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to $1,157 per month, and the median house value is $173,100. The median age in Bridgeport is 33.8 years, 32.2 years for males, and 35.4 years for females. For every 100 females there are 95.2 males.
Bridgeport is a seaport city located in Fairfield County, Connecticut about 60 miles from Manhattan on the Long Island Sound. The city is bordered by Stratford, Fairfield, and Trumball, Connecticut. Bridgeport is Connecticut's city and the 5th largest city in New England. Greater Bridgeport, which includes five surrounding towns, has a population of more than 305,000 while the Bridgeport-Stamford-Norwalk metropolitan area has an estimated population of more than 950,000.
Almost 30% of people in Bridgeport, CT are foreign-born. Common ancestry groups in the city include Italian (8.6%), Irish (5.1%), Portuguese (2.9%), Polish (2.8%), and German (2.4%).
The region of Bridgeport was settled by the English in 1644 along US Route 1, or what was known as the King's Highway during the colonial era. The original settlement was called Pequonnock or "Cleared Land" and named after the Paugussett who originally inhabited the area. The Golden Hill Indians of the area were granted a reservation by the Colony of Connecticut which lasted until 1802.
During the early years, Bridgeport residents relied on farming and fishing in the Long Island Sound. By the late 18th century, many local farmers in Bridgeport were heavily involved in trading and the area had a strong coastal trade with Baltimore, New York, Boston, and the West Indies. The village became the Borough of Bridgeport in 1800 as the first in the state of Connecticut and it was named for the Lottery Bridge that crossed the Pequonnock River. It was later chartered as the 5th city in Connecticut.
Bridgeport grew rapidly after the mid-19th century once the railroad linked it with New York. By 1875, P.T. Barnum became mayor and the city served as the headquarters for Barnum & Bailey's Circus during the winter. The population grew from 25,000 to more than 100,000 between this time and 1910 in large part thanks to immigrants such as the Irish, Slovaks, English, Germans, and Italians. After this rapid industrialization, Bridgeport followed in the steps of many former industrial cities in the 1970s and 1980s with a deteriorating city center although the city has worked toward revitalizing its downtown in recent years.