Brownsville, Texas Population 2020

183,748

Brownsville is a city located in Cameron County, Texas. With a 2020 population of 183,748, it is the 18th largest city in Texas and the 142nd largest city in the United States. Brownsville is currently growing at a rate of 0.10% annually and its population has increased by 4.99% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 175,023 in 2010. Spanning over 146 miles, Brownsville has a population density of 1,389 people per square mile.

The average household income in Brownsville is $50,899 with a poverty rate of 31.00%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to $710 per month, and the median house value is $87,600. The median age in Brownsville is 30.8 years, 27.6 years for males, and 33.6 years for females. For every 100 females there are 94.2 males.

Brownsville is located in Cameron County, Texas in South Texas near the Mexican border. The city is part of the cross-border Brownsville-Metamoros conurbation which has an estimated population of 1.13 million. Brownsville is one of the most southern cities in the United States.

Diversity

Brownsville has one of the highest shares of Hispanic residents in the United States. The Pew Research Center reports that metro Brownsville has about 373,000 Hispanic residents or almost 89% of its population which ranks 28th in the country. Almost 97% of Hispanic residents in Brownsville are Mexican and 0.8% are Puerto Rican. About 30% of people in Brownsville were born outside of the U.S.

Brownsville has one of the country's highest poverty rates with a median household income of $24,500. Nearly 36% of the population and 32% of families live below the federal poverty line. This includes almost half of people under 18. This makes Brownsville the second poorest urban area in the United States after the McAllen metro area.

Population Growth

Brownsville remains the most populous city in the Rio Grande Valley and its population more than doubled from 85,000 in 1980 to 175,000 in 2010. The city is now working on a comprehensive housing program to address its massively growing population. By 2030, Brownsville is expected to add another 10,000 people.

In its early history in the 18th century when the land was owned by Spain, the area of Brownsville was used for ranching. It had just a few settlers when Texas declared independence from Mexico in 1836.

Brownsville was founded by an entrepreneur named Charles Stillman in 1848 after he founded a nearby river boat company. The city is named for Major Jacob Brown, an Army soldier who fought in the Mexican-American War. In 1848, Brownsville became part of Texas and the city was incorporated two years later. Brownsville played a major role in many historical events, including the Battle of Brownsville during the American Civil War and the Mexican-American War and Texas Revolution.

Brownsville Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Brownsville was:

  • White: 95.88%
  • Other race: 2.12%
  • Asian: 0.64%
  • Black or African American: 0.59%
  • Two or more races: 0.49%
  • Native American: 0.26%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.02%
The current population of Brownsville, Texas is 183,748, based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates. The US Census estimates the 2018 population at 183,392. The last official US Census in 2010 recorded the population at 175,023.

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage
White175,14695.88%
Some Other Race3,8802.12%
Asian1,1690.64%
Black or African American1,0710.59%
Two or More Races9000.49%
American Indian and Alaska Native4790.26%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander340.02%

Brownsville Population Pyramid 2020

Brownsville Median Age

30.8


Total

27.6


Male

33.6


Female

Brownsville Adults

There are 126,403 adults, (21,393 of whom are seniors) in Brownsville.

Brownsville Age Dependency

74

Age Dependency Ratio

20.4

Old Age Dependency Ratio

53.6

Child Dependency Ratio

Brownsville Sex Ratio

Female

94,044

51.48%

Male

88,635

48.52%

Brownsville Households and Families

Brownsville Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

Brownsville Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married73%27%
All61.7%38.3%
Male61%39%
Non Family47.8%52.2%
Female47.1%52.9%

61.7%

Rate of Home Ownership

Type Count Average Size Owned
All51,5853.5161.7
Married27,0224.1273
Female11,8723.9447.1
Non Family9,3881.1447.8
Male3,3033.7961

3.97

Average Family Size

3.51

Average Household Size

3.2%

Unmarried (Opposite Sex)

0.1%

Unmarried (Same Sex)

Brownsville Education

Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade21,97521.14%
9th to 12th Grade15,12914.55%
High School Graduate24,31223.39%
Some College16,50715.88%
Associates Degree6,3936.15%
Bachelors Degree14,53913.99%
Graduate Degree5,0924.90%

Brownsville Educational Attainment by Race

Name Total High School Bachelors
Hispanic95,91559,53516,820
White6,4005,9232,268
Other Race2,6051,540294
Asian765546316
Black598498268
Native American47236211
Multiple Races39931973

The highest rate of high school graduation is among white people with a rate of 92.55%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among black people with a rate of 44.82%.

Name Average Male Female
Overall$24,345$27,641$20,618
Less Than High School$17,358$22,492$13,750
High School Grad$20,605$22,461$17,913
Some College$25,570$30,113$21,622
Bachelors Degree$41,036$46,473$38,397
Graduate Degree$54,801$63,188$51,639

$24,345

Average Earnings

$27,641

Average Male

$20,618

Average Female

Brownsville Language

Brownsville Language by Age

Brownsville Language

13.65% of Brownsville residents speak only English, while 86.35% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 85.39% of the population.

Brownsville Poverty

Brownsville Poverty by Race

Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
Hispanic170,04654,60032.11%
White8,4691,22714.49%
Other3,82689323.34%
Multiple89129032.55%
Black97015115.57%
Native4795511.48%
Asian1,169383.25%

31.00%

Overall Poverty Rate

29.24%

Male Poverty Rate

32.65%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Brownsville

The race most likely to be in poverty in Brownsville is Multiple, with 32.55% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Brownsville is Asian, with 3.25% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 10.01%. Among those working part-time, it was 28.06%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 38.29%.

Name Poverty
Less Than High School37.28%
High School26.67%
Some College15.42%
Bachelors or Greater8.24%
Name Poverty
Female Unemployed40.91%
Male Unemployed27.27%
Female Employed16.59%
Male Employed14.87%

Brownsville Income

Brownsville Income by Household Type

Name Median Mean
Households$36,499$50,899
Families$41,053$54,793
Married Families$51,602$64,807
Non Families$16,175$29,647

Brownsville Marital Status

Brownsville Marital Status

Marriage Rates

47.6%

Overall Marriage Rate

51.1%

Male Marriage Rate

44.3%

Female Marriage Rate

Brownsville Married by Age and Sex

Brownsville Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is 35-44, while the female age group most likely to be married is 45-54.

Brownsville Marital Status by Race

Brownsville Veterans

4,015

Number of Veterans

3,729

Male Veterans

286

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Vietnam1,357
First Gulf War1,025
Second Gulf War785
Korea273
World War II166
Name Veterans % of Total
White3,7103.08%
Hispanic2,7412.34%
Black11615.68%
Other872.86%
Indian7515.66%
2 or More275.84%

$Brownsville Veterans by Education

11.51%

Veteran Poverty Rate

33.72%

Veteran Disability Rate

Brownsville Employment Status

55.5%

Labor Force Participation

51.9%

Employment Rate

6.5%

Unemployment Rate

Brownsville Place of Birth

Origin of Non-Citizens

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

62.86%

Born in Texas

70.51%

Native Born

29.49%

Foreign Born

19.67%

Non Citizen

Place of Birth

70.51% of Brownsville residents were born in the United States, with 62.86% having been born in Texas. 19.67% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2020183,7481780.10%
2019183,5701780.10%
2018183,3923260.18%
2017183,0661780.10%
2016182,8889040.50%
2015181,984-25-0.01%
2014182,0091,0960.61%
2013180,9131,0850.60%
2012179,8281,5870.89%
2011178,2412,8411.62%
2010175,40035,6782.30%
2000139,72240,7603.51%
199098,96213,9651.53%
198084,99732,4754.93%
197052,5224,4820.90%
196048,04011,9742.91%
195036,06613,9835.03%
194022,083620.03%
193022,02110,2306.45%
192011,7911,2741.15%
191010,5174,2125.25%
19006,3051710.28%
18906,1341,1962.19%
18804,938330.07%
18704,9052,1716.02%
18602,7340.00%