Charleston, West Virginia Population 2020

45,703
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Charleston is a city located in West Virginia. With a 2020 population of 45,703, it is the largest city in West Virginia and the 861st largest city in the United States. Charleston is currently declining at a rate of -1.63% annually and its population has decreased by -11.08% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 51,400 in 2010. Charleston reached it's highest population of 85,796 in 1960. Spanning over 33 miles, Charleston has a population density of 1,451 people per square mile.

The average household income in Charleston is $74,305 with a poverty rate of 20.55%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to $727 per month, and the median house value is $145,300. The median age in Charleston is 41.7 years, 39.9 years for males, and 43.8 years for females. For every 100 females there are 95.1 males.

Charleston Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Charleston was:

  • White: 78.09%
  • Black or African American: 15.45%
  • Two or more races: 3.64%
  • Asian: 2.24%
  • Other race: 0.38%
  • Native American: 0.21%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.00%
The current population of Charleston, West Virginia is 45,703, based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates. The US Census estimates the 2018 population at 47,215.The last official US Census in 2010 recorded the population at 51,400.

Charleston, West Virginia Population 2020

Year Total Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2020204,315-3,361-1.65%
2019207,676-3,361-1.62%
2018211,037-3,361-1.59%
2017214,398-3,394-1.58%
2016217,792-2,598-1.19%
2015220,390-2,553-1.16%
2014222,943-1,811-0.81%
2013224,754-1,039-0.46%
2012225,793-102-0.05%
2011225,895-996-0.44%
2010226,8910.00%

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage
White38,05678.09%
Black or African American7,52915.45%
Two or More Races1,7763.64%
Asian1,0902.24%
Some Other Race1830.38%
American Indian and Alaska Native1000.21%
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Charleston Population Pyramid 2020

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Charleston Median Age

41.7


Total

39.9


Male

43.8


Female

Charleston Adults

There are 39,220 adults, (8,790 of whom are seniors) in Charleston.

Charleston Age Dependency

60.2

Age Dependency Ratio

28.9

Old Age Dependency Ratio

31.3

Child Dependency Ratio

Charleston Sex Ratio

Female

24,984

51.27%

Male

23,750

48.73%

Charleston Households and Families

Charleston Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

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Charleston Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married80.3%19.7%
Male62.3%37.7%
All56.3%43.7%
Non Family43.1%56.9%
Female40.7%59.3%

56.3%

Rate of Home Ownership

Type Count Average Size Owned
All21,9702.1156.3
Non Family10,4511.1943.1
Married7,5312.8780.3
Female3,0723.0940.7
Male9163.2462.3

2.86

Average Family Size

2.11

Average Household Size

7.1%

Unmarried (Opposite Sex)

0.5%

Unmarried (Same Sex)

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Charleston Education

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Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade8762.54%
9th to 12th Grade1,9285.58%
High School Graduate9,58927.75%
Some College6,95320.12%
Associates Degree1,9725.71%
Bachelors Degree6,75719.56%
Graduate Degree6,47718.75%
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Charleston Educational Attainment by Race

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Name Total High School Bachelors
White28,00325,81111,382
Black4,5844,220814
Asian856799671
Multiple Races613534205
Hispanic415352135
Other Race15912253
Native American1003518

The highest rate of high school graduation is among asian people with a rate of 93.34%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among asian people with a rate of 78.39%.

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Name Average Male Female
Overall$35,268$39,767$30,241
Less Than High School$14,444$14,104$14,665
High School Grad$21,495$23,106$20,177
Some College$27,042$31,139$24,705
Bachelors Degree$45,303$52,253$35,951
Graduate Degree$68,865$95,543$56,279

$35,268

Average Earnings

$39,767

Average Male

$30,241

Average Female

Charleston Language

Charleston Language by Age

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Charleston Language

95.40% of Charleston residents speak only English, while 4.60% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Other Indo-European, which is spoken by 1.63% of the population.

Charleston Poverty

Charleston Poverty by Race

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Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
White36,2806,66618.37%
Black7,2582,39332.97%
Multiple1,70135520.87%
Hispanic52714828.08%
Asian1,085948.66%
Native966264.58%

20.55%

Overall Poverty Rate

19.29%

Male Poverty Rate

21.73%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Charleston

The race most likely to be in poverty in Charleston is Native, with 64.58% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Charleston is Asian, with 8.66% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 3.47%. Among those working part-time, it was 25.00%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 30.49%.

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Name Poverty
Less Than High School40.49%
High School25.01%
Some College16.22%
Bachelors or Greater5.27%
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Name Poverty
Female Unemployed53.41%
Male Unemployed28.70%
Female Employed11.87%
Male Employed6.89%

Charleston Income

Charleston Income by Household Type

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Name Median Mean
Households$41,701$74,305
Families$65,179$102,289
Married Families$92,341$132,575
Non Families$27,351$41,935
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Charleston Marital Status

Charleston Marital Status

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Marriage Rates

39.4%

Overall Marriage Rate

41.1%

Male Marriage Rate

37.8%

Female Marriage Rate

Charleston Married by Age and Sex

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Charleston Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 55-64.

Charleston Marital Status by Race

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Charleston Veterans

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3,015

Number of Veterans

2,817

Male Veterans

198

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Vietnam1,035
First Gulf War720
Second Gulf War567
World War II205
Korea186
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Age Group Veterans
75+858
35 to 54726
65 to 74596
55 to 64582
18 to 34253
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Name Veterans % of Total
White2,6398.40%
Black3576.15%
2 or More151.92%
Asian40.43%

Charleston Veterans by Education

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9.57%

Veteran Poverty Rate

30.89%

Veteran Disability Rate

Charleston Employment Status

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58.1%

Labor Force Participation

54.8%

Employment Rate

5.6%

Unemployment Rate

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Origin of Non-Citizens

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Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

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71.64%

Born in West Virginia

95.88%

Native Born

4.12%

Foreign Born

1.68%

Non Citizen

Place of Birth

95.88% of Charleston residents were born in the United States, with 71.64% having been born in West Virginia. 1.68% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Asia.

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
202045,703-756-1.63%
201946,459-756-1.60%
201847,215-813-1.69%
201748,028-756-1.55%
201648,784-682-1.38%
201549,466-676-1.35%
201450,142-520-1.03%
201350,662-199-0.39%
201250,861-127-0.25%
201150,988-284-0.55%
201051,272-2,149-0.41%
200053,421-3,866-0.70%
199057,287-6,681-1.10%
198063,968-7,537-1.11%
197071,505-14,291-1.81%
196085,79612,2951.56%
195073,5015,5870.79%
194067,9147,5061.18%
193060,40820,8004.31%
192039,60816,6125.59%
191022,99611,8977.56%
190011,0994,3575.11%
18906,7422,5504.87%
18804,1921,0302.86%
18703,1620.00%