Charleston, West Virginia Population 2020

45,900
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Charleston is a city located in West Virginia. With a 2020 population of 45,900, it is the largest city in West Virginia and the 855th largest city in the United States. Charleston is currently declining at a rate of -1.37% annually and its population has decreased by -10.70% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 51,400 in 2010. Charleston reached it's highest population of 85,796 in 1960. Spanning over 33 miles, Charleston has a population density of 1,457 people per square mile.

The average household income in Charleston is $75,087 with a poverty rate of 20.92%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to $735 per month, and the median house value is $145,800. The median age in Charleston is 42 years, 40.3 years for males, and 44.2 years for females. For every 100 females there are 94.1 males.

Charleston Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Charleston was:

  • White: 77.91%
  • Black or African American: 15.72%
  • Two or more races: 3.71%
  • Asian: 2.11%
  • Native American: 0.30%
  • Other race: 0.24%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.00%
The current population of Charleston, West Virginia is 45,900, based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates. The US Census estimates the 2018 population at 47,172.The last official US Census in 2010 recorded the population at 51,400.

Charleston, West Virginia Population 2020

2019 and 2020 population is estimated by projecting the raw 2018 numbers.

Year Total Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2020253,868-3,206-1.26%
2019257,074-3,206-1.25%
2018260,280-3,947-1.52%
2017264,227-3,903-1.48%
2016268,130-2,728-1.02%
2015270,858-2,748-1.01%
2014273,606-1,806-0.66%
2013275,412-1,292-0.47%
2012276,704-113-0.04%
2011276,817-988-0.36%
2010277,8050.00%

Charleston Metro Area Population by Year

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage
White37,40077.91%
Black or African American7,54815.72%
Two or More Races1,7813.71%
Asian1,0142.11%
American Indian and Alaska Native1460.30%
Some Other Race1170.24%
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Charleston Population by Race

Charleston Population Pyramid 2020

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Charleston Median Age

42


Total

40.3


Male

44.2


Female

Charleston Adults

There are 39,083 adults, (9,287 of whom are seniors) in Charleston.

Charleston Age Dependency

61.1

Age Dependency Ratio

31.2

Old Age Dependency Ratio

29.9

Child Dependency Ratio

Charleston Sex Ratio

Female

24,735

51.52%

Male

23,271

48.48%

Charleston Population by Age

Charleston Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

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Charleston Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married81.5%18.5%
Male64.4%35.6%
All56.6%43.4%
Non Family44.8%55.2%
Female36.3%63.7%

56.6%

Rate of Home Ownership

Charleston Households and Families

Type Count Average Size Owned
All22,1712.0656.6
Non Family10,6511.1944.8
Married7,4212.8181.5
Female3,2642.9836.3
Male8353.0964.4

2.78

Average Family Size

2.06

Average Household Size

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Charleston Households by Type

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Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade8862.54%
9th to 12th Grade1,9305.54%
High School Graduate9,55927.45%
Some College6,83019.61%
Associates Degree1,9455.59%
Bachelors Degree7,07420.31%
Graduate Degree6,60118.95%
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Charleston Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Charleston Educational Attainment by Race

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Name Total High School Bachelors
White28,24726,08711,809
Black4,6824,281811
Asian825767694
Multiple Races611531231
Hispanic332293115
Native American1466033
Other Race75646

The highest rate of high school graduation is among asian people with a rate of 92.97%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among asian people with a rate of 84.12%.

Charleston Educational Attainment by Race

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Name Average Male Female
Overall$36,605$40,804$31,263
Less Than High School$14,107$14,856$13,526
High School Grad$22,315$25,156$19,596
Some College$29,788$35,672$26,447
Bachelors Degree$45,711$51,399$38,120
Graduate Degree$67,109$93,259$55,837

$36,605

Average Earnings

$40,804

Average Male

$31,263

Average Female

Charleston Earnings by Educational Attainment

Charleston Language by Age

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Charleston Language

95.47% of Charleston residents speak only English, while 4.53% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Other Indo-European, which is spoken by 1.67% of the population.

Charleston Language

Charleston Poverty by Race

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Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
White35,7576,45418.05%
Black7,2572,45433.82%
Multiple1,71254731.95%
Hispanic44715133.78%
Native1469967.81%
Asian1,008616.05%
Other11765.13%

20.92%

Overall Poverty Rate

19.14%

Male Poverty Rate

22.56%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Charleston

The race most likely to be in poverty in Charleston is Native, with 67.81% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Charleston is Other, with 5.13% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 3.56%. Among those working part-time, it was 25.75%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 31.14%.

Charleston Poverty

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Name Poverty
Less Than High School49.29%
High School25.76%
Some College14.75%
Bachelors or Greater5.73%

Charleston Poverty Rate by Education

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Name Poverty
Female Unemployed57.81%
Male Unemployed26.59%
Female Employed11.04%
Male Employed7.48%

Charleston Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Charleston Income by Household Type

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Name Median Mean
Households$43,344$75,087
Families$69,868$102,460
Married Families$96,059-
Non Families$28,926$43,828
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Income by Household Type

Charleston Marital Status

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Marriage Rates

39.0%

Overall Marriage Rate

40.8%

Male Marriage Rate

37.3%

Female Marriage Rate

Charleston Married by Age and Sex

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Charleston Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 55-64.

Charleston Marital Status by Race

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Charleston Marital Status

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2,833

Number of Veterans

2,728

Male Veterans

105

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Vietnam1,060
First Gulf War567
Second Gulf War364
World War II202
Korea152

Charleston Veterans by War

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Age Group Veterans
75+860
55 to 64655
65 to 74608
35 to 54562
18 to 34148

Charleston Veterans by Age

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Name Veterans % of Total
White2,5248.07%
Black2754.60%
2 or More212.96%
Asian131.51%
Hispanic92.21%

Charleston Veterans by Race

Charleston Veterans by Education

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10.36%

Veteran Poverty Rate

31.47%

Veteran Disability Rate

Charleston Veterans by Education

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57.5%

Labor Force Participation

54.4%

Employment Rate

5.2%

Unemployment Rate

Charleston Employment by Age

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Charleston Employment by Race

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Charleston Employment by Education

Origin of Non-Citizens

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Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

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71.45%

Born in West Virginia

96.08%

Native Born

3.92%

Foreign Born

1.52%

Non Citizen

2.40%

Naturalized

Place of Birth

96.08% of Charleston residents were born in the United States, with 71.45% having been born in West Virginia. 1.52% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Asia.

Charleston Place of Birth

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
202045,900-636-1.37%
201946,536-636-1.35%
201847,172-868-1.81%
201748,040-749-1.54%
201648,789-668-1.35%
201549,457-676-1.35%
201450,133-524-1.03%
201350,657-201-0.40%
201250,858-134-0.26%
201150,992-282-0.55%
201051,274-2,147-0.41%
200053,421-3,866-0.70%
199057,287-6,681-1.10%
198063,968-7,537-1.11%
197071,505-14,291-1.81%
196085,79612,2951.56%
195073,5015,5870.79%
194067,9147,5061.18%
193060,40820,8004.31%
192039,60816,6125.59%
191022,99611,8977.56%
190011,0994,3575.11%
18906,7422,5504.87%
18804,1921,0302.86%
18703,1620.00%

Charleston Population by Year