Chattanooga is a city located in Hamilton County Tennessee. Chattanooga has a 2023 population of 183,095. It is also the county seat of Hamilton County.Chattanooga is currently growing at a rate of 0.27% annually and its population has increased by 0.81% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 181,624 in 2020.
The average household income in Chattanooga is $77,250 with a poverty rate of 17.59%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to - per month, and the median house value is -. The median age in Chattanooga is 36.7 years, 35.5 years for males, and 37.8 years for females.
Chattanooga is located in Hamilton County, Tennessee on Nickajack Lake and Chickamauga Lake in East Tennessee. Chattanooga is located about 120 miles southwest of Knoxville and 120 miles northwest of Atlanta, Georgia.
The larger Chattanooga metropolitan area has a population of 528,000. The Chattanooga Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA), which includes Marion, Sequatchie, and Hamilton counties in Tennessee as well as Dade, Catoosa, and Walker counties in Georgia, had a 9% population growth over the last ten years.
Chattanooga is unique as it's the first American city to receive its typeface, called Chatype. Launched in 2012, this is the first time a custom crowd-funded typeface has been used for any global city.
Chattanooga also claims to have Western Hemisphere's fastest internet service, earning it several nicknames like Gig City. EPB began offering exclusive fiber optic network service to the greater Chattanooga metro area in 2009. The next year, it became the first municipality-owned utility company in the country to offer internet access directly to the public with speeds of up to 1 gigabit per second. This network has already been emulated in several U.S. cities and internationally.
Chattanooga is home to a considerable number of manufacturing and service industries, including Chattem, the first Coca-Cola bottling plant in the world; the Chattanooga Bakery, and McKee Foods Corporation, which makes Little Debbie brand snacks. The city is home to many distribution and manufacturing facilities as well, including Ferrara Candy Company, DuPont, and Amazon.com.
Since the 2010 census, Chattanooga's population growth has outpaced Knoxville, making it the second fastest-growing big city in Tennessee. While Knoxville is still ahead of Chattanooga in terms of total population at 184,280 versus 173,800 in mid-2014, Chattanooga may soon surpass Knoxville as the largest city in East Tennessee.
Chattanooga is mainly attracting new residents with its low cost of living and diverse economy and jobs market. Chattanooga's population growth has outpaced the national average for more than 20 years, and this trend is expected to continue.
According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Chattanooga was:
Black or African American
Two or more races
Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander
Average Family Size
Average Household Size
Rate of Home Ownership
Less Than 9th Grade
9th to 12th Grade
High School Graduate
High School Graduation Rate
The highest rate of high school graduation is among islander people with a rate of 83.33%.
The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among islander people with a rate of 72.92%.
Other Indo-European Languages
Asian and Pacific Island Languages
89.78% of Chattanooga residents speak only English, while 10.22% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 6.06% of the population.
Overall Poverty Rate
Male Poverty Rate
Female Poverty Rate
The race most likely to be in poverty in Chattanooga is Islander, with 85.42% below the poverty level.
The race least likely to be in poverty in Chattanooga is Asian, with 7.79% below the poverty level.
The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 3.63%. Among those working part-time, it was 22.32%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 26.46%.
Overall Marriage Rate
Male Marriage Rate
Female Marriage Rate
The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 55-64.
Second Gulf War
First Gulf War
World War II
Less Than 9th Grade
High School Graduate
Bachelors or Greater
Veteran Poverty Rate
Veteran Disability Rate
Labor Force Participation
Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.
Born in Chattanooga
91.72% of Chattanooga residents were born in the United States, with 56.62% having been born in Tennessee. 4.85% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.