Clarksville is a city located in Montgomery County Tennessee. Clarksville has a 2023 population of 178,602. It is also the county seat of Montgomery County.Clarksville is currently growing at a rate of 2.21% annually and its population has increased by 6.78% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 167,258 in 2020.
The average household income in Clarksville is $71,824 with a poverty rate of 13.2%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to - per month, and the median house value is -. The median age in Clarksville is 30 years, 29.4 years for males, and 30.7 years for females.
As the county seat of Montgomery County, Tennessee, Clarksville is the fifth largest city in the state behind Nashville, Memphis, Knoxville and Chattanooga. Named after Revolutionary War hero General George Rogers Clark, Clarksville is the anchor city of the Clarksville TN-KY metro area spread over four counties with a population last estimated at 268,000 in 2009.
Behind La Vergne and Nashville, Clarksville ranks as the 3rd most diverse city in Tennessee and it has the 10th largest Hispanic population in the state. Just 5.5% of the population in Clarksville was born outside the U.S. Clarksville has the 4th highest per capita personal income in the state at $23,722.
Clarksville has seen a steady population rise since 1870. Annexation of neighboring communities such as New Providence and Saint Bethlehem in the 1960s, 70s and 80s saw a sharper increase in the decades to come, with the population having almost tripled since 1980 (and even then having more than tripled since 1950). Like other communities in Middle Tennessee, Clarksville is going through a population boom with a population growth of 13% in the last five years.
Clarksville stood as Cherokee land until the 1770s when European settlers started visiting the area. It city was founded in 1785 nd named for Revolutionary War hero General George Rogers Clark. It was incorporated in 1807.
After the American Revolutionary War, Clarksville was meant to be settled by soldiers of George Washington’s now-disbanded Continental Army. As the federal government lacked sufficient the money to pay the soldiers, the land was deemed ready and available through a land grant program. Since then, Clarksville has had an on-going interdependence between the citizens and the military.
By the 19th century, the town was growing at a rapid pace. At the start of the Civil War, tobacco, along with corn, flour and cotton, was one of the major commodity crops, depending heavily on slave labor. Clarksville voted unanimously with Montgomery County to secede and join the Confederate States of America.
The Reconstruction Era following the Civil War brought thriving development to Clarksville until the Great Fire of 1978 destroyed 15 acres of downtown Clarksville’s business district. The courthouse and many other historic buildings were lost to the fire.
The U.S. joining WWII in 1941 saw the construction of Camp Campbell (now known as Fort Campbell) and with it a huge boost to Clarksville’s population and economy.
According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Clarksville was:
Black or African American
Two or more races
Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander
Average Family Size
Average Household Size
Rate of Home Ownership
Less Than 9th Grade
9th to 12th Grade
High School Graduate
High School Graduation Rate
The highest rate of high school graduation is among islander people with a rate of 87.23%.
The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among asian people with a rate of 30%.
Other Indo-European Languages
Asian and Pacific Island Languages
89.37% of Clarksville residents speak only English, while 10.63% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 6.66% of the population.
Overall Poverty Rate
Male Poverty Rate
Female Poverty Rate
The race most likely to be in poverty in Clarksville is Multiple, with 29.69% below the poverty level.
The race least likely to be in poverty in Clarksville is Asian, with 11.61% below the poverty level.
The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 3.69%. Among those working part-time, it was 17.63%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 20.44%.
Overall Marriage Rate
Male Marriage Rate
Female Marriage Rate
The age group where males are most likely to be married is 45-54, while the female age group most likely to be married is 35-44.
Second Gulf War
First Gulf War
World War II
Less Than 9th Grade
High School Graduate
Bachelors or Greater
Veteran Poverty Rate
Veteran Disability Rate
Labor Force Participation
Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.
Born in Clarksville
89.65% of Clarksville residents were born in the United States, with 33.35% having been born in Tennessee. 2.71% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.