Colchester, Vermont Population 2024

17,550

Colchester is a city located in Chittenden County and Franklin County Vermont. Colchester has a 2024 population of 17,550. Colchester is currently declining at a rate of -0.15% annually but its population has increased by 0.26% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 17,504 in 2020.

The average household income in Colchester is $107,585 with a poverty rate of 7.6%. The median age in Colchester is 35.7 years: 34.1 years for males, and 37 years for females.

Colchester Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Colchester was:

  • White: 89.06%
  • Two or more races: 5.11%
  • Black or African American: 2.51%
  • Asian: 2.33%
  • Other race: 0.95%
  • Native American: 0.04%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0%
State
Vermont
Land Area (mi²)
36.3 sq mi
Density (mi²)
483.50/sq mi
Growth Since 2020
0.26% (46)
The current population of Colchester, Vermont is 17,550 based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates (released May 2024). The last official US Census in 2020 recorded the population at 17,504.

Population by Race

Race
Population
Percentage (of total)
White15,62789.06%
Two or more races8975.11%
Black or African American4402.51%
Asian4092.33%
Other race1660.95%
Native American70.04%
Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander00%

White

Two or more races

Black or African American

Asian

Other race

Native American

Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander

Colchester Population by Race

Colchester Population Pyramid 2024

Colchester Median Age

35.7

Total

34.1

Male

37

Female

Colchester Adults

There are 14,291 adults, (2,456 of whom are seniors) in Colchester.

Colchester Age Dependency

48.3

Age Dependency Ratio

20.8

Old Age Dependency Ratio

27.5

Child Dependency Ratio

Colchester Sex Ratio

Female8,18546.65%
Male9,36153.35%

Colchester Population by Age

Colchester Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

Household Type
Count
Average Size
Owner
Renter
All6,9592.2970.529.5
Married3,0943.0787.312.7
Non Family2,9661.2654.645.4
Female5392.966.633.4
Male3603.1862.537.5

2.94

Average Family Size

2.29

Average Household Size

70.5%

Rate of Home Ownership

Married

Male

Female

NonFamily

owner

renter

Colchester Households and Families

Male

Female

Education Attained
Count
Percentage
9th to 12th Grade3713.23%
Associates Degree1,0188.87%
Bachelors Degree3,35129.21%
Graduate Degree1,85416.16%
High School Graduate2,84524.8%
Less Than 9th Grade1861.62%
Some College1,84816.11%

Less Than 9th Grade

9th to 12th Grade

High School Graduate

Some College

Associates Degree

Bachelors Degree

Graduate Degree

Colchester Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Colchester Educational Attainment by Race

High School Graduation Rate

Bachelors Rate

Race
Total
High School
Bachelors
White10,2059,6944,537
2+ Races371371225
Hispanic346346148
Black345345189
Asian312267133
Other Race696953
Native American766

The highest rate of high school graduation is among black people with a rate of 100%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among native american people with a rate of 85.71%.

Colchester Educational Attainment by Race

All

Male

Female

Name
Average
Male
Female
Bachelors Degree$59,463$63,328$52,198
Graduate Degree$73,200$84,500$62,396
High School Graduate$42,045$45,625$26,292
Less Than 9th Grade$37,237$56,053$0
Overall$56,929$59,679$50,263
Some College$54,913$62,911$46,781

$56,929

Average Earnings

$59,679

Average Male

$50,263

Average Female

Colchester Earnings by Educational Attainment

Colchester Language by Age

Only English

Spanish

Other Indo-European Languages

Asian and Pacific Island Languages

Other Languages

Colchester Language

91.22% of Colchester residents speak only English, while 8.78% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Other Indo-European, which is spoken by 6.06% of the population.

Colchester Language

Colchester Poverty by Race

rate

Name
Total
In Poverty
Poverty Rate
White13,8909556.88%
Multiple84011313.45%
Black3889524.48%
Hispanic465265.59%
Asian392184.59%
Native7114.29%

7.6%

Overall Poverty Rate

7.83%

Male Poverty Rate

7.33%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Colchester

The race most likely to be in poverty in Colchester is Black, with 24.48% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Colchester is Asian, with 4.59% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 0%. Among those working part-time, it was 12.09%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 22.2%.

Colchester Poverty

rate

Rate
Poverty
Less Than 9th Grade40.52%
High School11.27%
Some College5.03%
Bachelors or Greater3.02%

Colchester Poverty Rate by Education

rate

Rate
Poverty
Female Unemployed61.64%
Male Unemployed30.71%
Male Employed0.86%
Female Employed0.86%

Colchester Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Colchester Income by Household Type

Households

Families

MarriedFamilies

NonFamilies

Name
Median
Mean
Families$106,601$131,466
Households$90,694$107,585
Married Families$123,224$-999,999,999
Non Families$53,721$72,406

mean

median

Income by Household Type

Colchester Marital Status

Married

Widowed

Divorced

Separated

NeverMarried

Marriage Rates

43.5%

Overall Marriage Rate

41.0%

Male Marriage Rate

46.3%

Female Marriage Rate

Colchester Married by Age and Sex

male

female

Colchester Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is 35-44, while the female age group most likely to be married is 35-44.

Colchester Marital Status by Race

Married

Widowed

Divorced

Separated

NeverMarried

Colchester Marital Status

Second Gulf War

First Gulf War

Vietnam

Korea

World War II

687

Number of Veterans

641

Male Veterans

46

Female Veterans

War
Veterans
Vietnam184
First Gulf War158
Second Gulf War150
Korea87
World War II0

Colchester Veterans by War

count

Age Group
Veterans
75+181
35 to 54177
65 to 74162
55 to 64103
18 to 3464

Colchester Veterans by Age

count

Name
Veterans
% of Total
White5964.6%
Hispanic8016.23%
Black6815.89%
2+ Races235.42%

Colchester Veterans by Race

Colchester Veterans by Education

Less Than 9th Grade

High School Graduate

Some College

Bachelors or Greater

1.78%

Veteran Poverty Rate

26.33%

Veteran Disability Rate

Colchester Veterans by Education

LaborForceParticipation

72.1%

Labor Force Participation

67.5%

Employment Rate

6.1%

Unemployment Rate

Colchester Employment by Age

LaborForceParticipation

Colchester Employment by Race

LaborForceParticipation

Colchester Employment by Education

Origin of Non-Citizens

Europe

Asia

Africa

Oceania

Latin America

North America

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

Europe

Asia

Africa

Oceania

Latin America

North America

53.76%

Born in Colchester

92.42%

Native Born

7.58%

Foreign Born

3.13%

Non Citizen

4.45%

Naturalized

Place of Birth

92.42% of Colchester residents were born in the United States, with 53.76% having been born in Vermont. 3.13% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Asia.

Colchester Place of Birth

Note: data after 2022 is projected based on recent change
Year
Population
Growth
Growth Rate
202917,415-27-0.15%
202817,442-27-0.15%
202717,469-27-0.15%
202617,496-27-0.15%
202517,523-27-0.15%
202417,550-27-0.15%
202317,577-27-0.15%
202217,604-27-0.15%
202117,6311270.73%
202017,5043622.11%
201917,142-177-1.02%
201817,319-76-0.44%
201717,395380.22%
201617,357-45-0.26%
201517,4021030.6%
201417,299270.16%
201317,272350.2%
201217,237380.22%
201117,199830.48%
201017,11600%

Colchester Population by Year