Columbus, Georgia Population 2024

198,234

Columbus is a city located in Chattahoochee County, Harris County, Marion County, Muscogee County, and Talbot County Georgia. Columbus has a 2024 population of 198,234. It is also the county seat of Muscogee County. Columbus is currently declining at a rate of -1.09% annually and its population has decreased by -4.23% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 206,998 in 2020.

The average household income in Columbus is $75,620 with a poverty rate of 18.69%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to - per month, and the median house value is -. The median age in Columbus is 34.9 years, 33.1 years for males, and 36.3 years for females.

Columbus Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Columbus was:

  • Black or African American: 46.6%
  • White: 40.57%
  • Two or more races: 6.83%
  • Other race: 3.15%
  • Asian: 2.58%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.15%
  • Native American: 0.12%
State
Georgia
Land Area (mi²)
216.5 sq mi
Density (mi²)
915.60/sq mi
Growth Since 2020
-4.23% (-8,764)
The current population of Columbus, Georgia is 198,234 based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates.The last official US Census in 2020 recorded the population at 206,998.

Columbus, Georgia Population 2024

Population by Race

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Race
Population
Percentage (of total)
Black or African American95,32346.6%
White83,00340.57%
Two or more races13,9796.83%
Other race6,4353.15%
Asian5,2792.58%
Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander3150.15%
Native American2380.12%

Black or African American

White

Two or more races

Other race

Asian

Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander

Native American

Columbus Population by Race

Columbus Population Pyramid 2024

Columbus Median Age

34.9

Total

33.1

Male

36.3

Female

Columbus Adults

There are 153,809 adults, (28,777 of whom are seniors) in Columbus.

Columbus Age Dependency

63.6

Age Dependency Ratio

23

Old Age Dependency Ratio

40.6

Child Dependency Ratio

Columbus Sex Ratio

Female105,59951.62%
Male98,97348.38%

Columbus Population by Age

Columbus Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

Household Type
Count
Average Size
Owner
Renter
All79,8562.4949.550.5
Non Family31,4391.1940.259.8
Married28,6473.2467.532.5
Female16,0373.4834.465.6
Male3,7333.3555.544.5

3.25

Average Family Size

2.49

Average Household Size

49.5%

Rate of Home Ownership

Married

Male

Female

NonFamily

owner

renter

Columbus Households and Families

Male

Female

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Education Attained
Count
Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade4,9063.65%
9th to 12th Grade10,4837.8%
High School Graduate36,43927.11%
Some College31,44523.4%
Associates Degree12,9229.62%
Bachelors Degree22,11716.46%
Graduate Degree16,07711.96%

Less Than 9th Grade

9th to 12th Grade

High School Graduate

Some College

Associates Degree

Bachelors Degree

Graduate Degree

Columbus Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Columbus Educational Attainment by Race

High School Graduation Rate

Bachelors Rate

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Race
Total
High School
Bachelors
Black62,02753,21512,339
White56,21351,66420,289
Hispanic9,0477,5342,242
2+ Races5,5515,1961,946
Other Race3,9232,851894
Asian3,7493,4592,061
Native American18018072
Islander1531390

The highest rate of high school graduation is among native american people with a rate of 100%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among asian people with a rate of 54.97%.

Columbus Educational Attainment by Race

All

Male

Female

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Name
Average
Male
Female
Overall$40,668$46,844$34,949
Less Than 9th Grade$27,384$31,525$24,346
High School Graduate$33,322$36,652$27,689
Some College$35,647$46,411$29,128
Bachelors Degree$55,381$69,772$47,414
Graduate Degree$68,796$83,328$59,611

$40,668

Average Earnings

$46,844

Average Male

$34,949

Average Female

Columbus Earnings by Educational Attainment

Columbus Language by Age

Only English

Spanish

Other Indo-European Languages

Asian and Pacific Island Languages

Other Languages

Columbus Language

91.87% of Columbus residents speak only English, while 8.13% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 4.95% of the population.

Columbus Language

Columbus Poverty by Race

rate

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Name
Total
In Poverty
Poverty Rate
Black92,76622,89724.68%
White76,1498,87211.65%
Multiple13,7073,03922.17%
Hispanic15,9892,76417.29%
Other6,2331,54624.8%
Asian5,2273697.06%
Native2292410.48%
Islander307216.84%

18.69%

Overall Poverty Rate

17.66%

Male Poverty Rate

19.64%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Columbus

The race most likely to be in poverty in Columbus is Other, with 24.8% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Columbus is Islander, with 6.84% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 4.46%. Among those working part-time, it was 21.41%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 26.71%.

Columbus Poverty

rate

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Rate
Poverty
Less Than 9th Grade31.76%
High School20.94%
Some College14.52%
Bachelors or Greater4.56%

Columbus Poverty Rate by Education

rate

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Rate
Poverty
Male Unemployed36.62%
Female Unemployed35.6%
Female Employed10.49%
Male Employed5.92%

Columbus Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Columbus Income by Household Type

Households

Families

MarriedFamilies

NonFamilies

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Name
Median
Mean
Households$54,561$75,620
Families$69,623$90,972
Married Families$91,190$116,517
Non Families$35,281$49,155

mean

median

Income by Household Type

Columbus Marital Status

Married

Widowed

Divorced

Separated

NeverMarried

Marriage Rates

38.9%

Overall Marriage Rate

41.4%

Male Marriage Rate

36.6%

Female Marriage Rate

Columbus Married by Age and Sex

male

female

Columbus Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 45-54.

Columbus Marital Status by Race

Married

Widowed

Divorced

Separated

NeverMarried

Columbus Marital Status

Second Gulf War

First Gulf War

Vietnam

Korea

World War II

21,054

Number of Veterans

17,236

Male Veterans

3,818

Female Veterans

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War
Veterans
First Gulf War7,525
Second Gulf War7,262
Vietnam5,501
Korea419
World War II35

Columbus Veterans by War

count

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Age Group
Veterans
35 to 546,940
55 to 644,965
65 to 744,161
18 to 342,606
75+2,382

Columbus Veterans by Age

count

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Name
Veterans
% of Total
Black11,74616.7%
White7,39912%
Hispanic1,48015.46%
2+ Races85613.45%
Other Race80819.49%
Asian1734.53%
Islander4823.08%
Native American2413.64%

Columbus Veterans by Race

Columbus Veterans by Education

Less Than 9th Grade

High School Graduate

Some College

Bachelors or Greater

9.97%

Veteran Poverty Rate

32.8%

Veteran Disability Rate

Columbus Veterans by Education

LaborForceParticipation

60.7%

Labor Force Participation

52.1%

Employment Rate

7.3%

Unemployment Rate

Columbus Employment by Age

LaborForceParticipation

Columbus Employment by Race

LaborForceParticipation

Columbus Employment by Education

Origin of Non-Citizens

Europe

Asia

Africa

Oceania

Latin America

North America

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

Europe

Asia

Africa

Oceania

Latin America

North America

55.52%

Born in Columbus

94.76%

Native Born

5.24%

Foreign Born

2.37%

Non Citizen

2.87%

Naturalized

Place of Birth

94.76% of Columbus residents were born in the United States, with 55.52% having been born in Georgia. 2.37% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.

Columbus Place of Birth

Note: data after 2022 is projected based on recent change

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Year
Population
Growth
Growth Rate
2029187,279-2,191-1.16%
2028189,470-2,191-1.14%
2027191,661-2,191-1.13%
2026193,852-2,191-1.12%
2025196,043-2,191-1.11%
2024198,234-2,191-1.09%
2023200,425-2,191-1.08%
2022202,616-2,408-1.17%
2021205,024-1,974-0.95%
2020206,99810,9245.57%
2019196,0741,7120.88%
2018194,3625040.26%
2017193,858-2,496-1.27%
2016196,354-2,571-1.29%
2015198,925-1,821-0.91%
2014200,746-2,624-1.29%
2013203,3704,2932.16%
2012199,0773,7371.91%
2011195,3404,2182.21%
2010191,1225,3412.87%
2000185,7817,1003.97%
1990178,6819,2405.45%
1980169,44114,4139.3%
1970155,02838,24932.75%
1960116,77937,16846.69%
195079,61126,33149.42%
194053,28010,14923.53%
193043,13112,00638.57%
192031,12510,57151.43%
191020,5542,94016.69%
190017,6143111.8%
189017,3037,18070.93%
188010,1232,72236.78%
18707,401-2,220-23.07%
18609,6213,67961.92%
18505,9422,82890.82%
18403,11400%
showing: 37 rows

Columbus Population by Year