Columbus, Georgia Population 2020

189,296
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Columbus is a city located in Georgia. With a 2020 population of 189,296, it is the 3rd largest city in Georgia (after Atlanta and Augusta) and the 134th largest city in the United States. Columbus is currently declining at a rate of -1.27% annually and its population has decreased by -0.31% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 189,885 in 2010. Columbus reached it's highest population of 203,198 in 2013. Spanning over 221 miles, Columbus has a population density of 874 people per square mile.

The average household income in Columbus is $63,902 with a poverty rate of 21.15%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to $877 per month, and the median house value is $141,700. The median age in Columbus is 33.9 years, 32.3 years for males, and 36.1 years for females. For every 100 females there are 95.9 males.

Columbus Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Columbus was:

  • Black or African American: 45.76%
  • White: 44.01%
  • Two or more races: 4.42%
  • Other race: 2.78%
  • Asian: 2.45%
  • Native American: 0.41%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.17%
The current population of Columbus, Georgia is 189,296, based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates. The US Census estimates the 2018 population at 194,160.The last official US Census in 2010 recorded the population at 189,885.

Columbus, Georgia Population 2020

Year Total Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2020309,4812,0150.65%
2019307,4662,0150.66%
2018305,4512,0150.66%
2017303,436-3,155-1.04%
2016306,591-3,702-1.21%
2015310,293-2,554-0.82%
2014312,847-2,857-0.91%
2013315,7045,7611.82%
2012309,9437,5972.45%
2011302,3465,8511.94%
2010296,4950.00%

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage
Black or African American90,00145.76%
White86,55244.01%
Two or More Races8,6894.42%
Some Other Race5,4712.78%
Asian4,8172.45%
American Indian and Alaska Native8110.41%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander3290.17%
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Columbus Population Pyramid 2020

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Columbus Median Age

33.9


Total

32.3


Male

36.1


Female

Columbus Adults

There are 147,885 adults, (24,712 of whom are seniors) in Columbus.

Columbus Age Dependency

59.7

Age Dependency Ratio

20.1

Old Age Dependency Ratio

39.6

Child Dependency Ratio

Columbus Sex Ratio

Female

100,391

51.05%

Male

96,279

48.95%

Columbus Households and Families

Columbus Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

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Columbus Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married65.2%34.8%
All48%52%
Male38.7%61.3%
Non Family37.7%62.3%
Female36.6%63.4%

48.0%

Rate of Home Ownership

Type Count Average Size Owned
All72,9242.648
Non Family27,8271.2437.7
Married27,7883.2865.2
Female13,6383.736.6
Male3,6713.6738.7

3.36

Average Family Size

2.6

Average Household Size

4.4%

Unmarried (Opposite Sex)

0.2%

Unmarried (Same Sex)

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Columbus Education

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Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade4,8493.81%
9th to 12th Grade11,2798.85%
High School Graduate34,76127.28%
Some College32,21425.28%
Associates Degree10,9558.60%
Bachelors Degree20,64916.21%
Graduate Degree12,7039.97%
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Columbus Educational Attainment by Race

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Name Total High School Bachelors
Black56,95148,0819,171
White56,35851,63319,623
Hispanic8,1586,2881,666
Asian3,4802,9861,756
Other Race3,2072,253455
Multiple Races2,9412,7911,159
Native American564520297
Islander211189

The highest rate of high school graduation is among multiple races people with a rate of 94.90%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among native american people with a rate of 52.66%.

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Name Average Male Female
Overall$32,202$40,145$26,819
Less Than High School$19,105$21,791$14,019
High School Grad$23,824$27,926$20,279
Some College$30,988$40,780$24,114
Bachelors Degree$50,391$62,976$40,890
Graduate Degree$61,563$80,125$50,984

$32,202

Average Earnings

$40,145

Average Male

$26,819

Average Female

Columbus Language

Columbus Language by Age

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Columbus Language

91.36% of Columbus residents speak only English, while 8.64% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 4.93% of the population.

Columbus Poverty

Columbus Poverty by Race

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Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
Black86,76725,81729.75%
White76,8118,92011.61%
Hispanic14,3443,66025.52%
Multiple8,5701,97923.09%
Other5,3951,89235.07%
Asian4,7623787.94%
Native7938710.97%
Islander325319.54%

21.15%

Overall Poverty Rate

19.12%

Male Poverty Rate

23.01%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Columbus

The race most likely to be in poverty in Columbus is Other, with 35.07% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Columbus is Asian, with 7.94% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 4.84%. Among those working part-time, it was 25.72%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 28.87%.

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Name Poverty
Less Than High School36.34%
High School21.78%
Some College14.09%
Bachelors or Greater5.68%
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Name Poverty
Female Unemployed45.47%
Male Unemployed37.51%
Female Employed12.81%
Male Employed8.15%

Columbus Income

Columbus Income by Household Type

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Name Median Mean
Households$45,389$63,902
Families$57,754$77,904
Married Families$78,820$100,564
Non Families$28,355$39,653
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Columbus Marital Status

Columbus Marital Status

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Marriage Rates

39.7%

Overall Marriage Rate

42.0%

Male Marriage Rate

37.5%

Female Marriage Rate

Columbus Married by Age and Sex

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Columbus Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 45-54.

Columbus Marital Status by Race

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Columbus Veterans

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20,779

Number of Veterans

17,400

Male Veterans

3,379

Female Veterans

War Veterans
First Gulf War6,970
Second Gulf War6,643
Vietnam5,970
Korea1,041
World War II440
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Age Group Veterans
35 to 546,641
55 to 644,820
65 to 743,499
18 to 343,342
75+2,477
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Name Veterans % of Total
White9,83615.34%
Black9,74414.82%
Hispanic1,27214.54%
Other42612.91%
2 or More37810.10%
Asian1925.43%
Hawaiian15260.08%
Indian518.21%

Columbus Veterans by Education

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10.11%

Veteran Poverty Rate

32.24%

Veteran Disability Rate

Columbus Employment Status

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61.7%

Labor Force Participation

52%

Employment Rate

9.2%

Unemployment Rate

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Origin of Non-Citizens

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Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

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55.03%

Born in Georgia

94.75%

Native Born

5.25%

Foreign Born

2.44%

Non Citizen

Place of Birth

94.75% of Columbus residents were born in the United States, with 55.03% having been born in Georgia. 2.44% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2020189,296-2,432-1.27%
2019191,728-2,432-1.25%
2018194,1603940.20%
2017193,766-2,432-1.24%
2016196,198-2,476-1.25%
2015198,674-1,878-0.94%
2014200,552-2,646-1.30%
2013203,1984,2542.14%
2012198,9443,7001.90%
2011195,2444,1392.17%
2010191,1055,3240.28%
2000185,7817,1000.39%
1990178,6819,2400.53%
1980169,44114,4130.89%
1970155,02838,2492.87%
1960116,77937,1683.91%
195079,61126,3314.10%
194053,28010,1492.14%
193043,13112,0063.32%
192031,12510,5714.24%
191020,5542,9401.56%
190017,6143110.18%
189017,3037,1805.51%
188010,1232,7223.18%
18707,401-2,220-2.59%
18609,6213,6794.94%
18505,9422,8286.67%
18403,1140.00%