Columbus, Georgia Population 2021

198,969
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Columbus is a city located in Muscogee County Georgia. It is also the county seat of Muscogee County. With a 2020 population of 198,969, it is the 3rd largest city in Georgia (after Atlanta and Augusta) and the 124th largest city in the United States . Columbus is currently growing at a rate of 0.81% annually and its population has increased by 4.78% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 189,885 in 2010. Columbus reached it's highest population of 203,225 in 2013. Spanning over 221 miles, Columbus has a population density of 919 people per square mile.

The average household income in Columbus is $65,942 with a poverty rate of 20.67%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to $906 per month, and the median house value is $141,300. The median age in Columbus is 34 years, 32.4 years for males, and 36.2 years for females.

Columbus Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Columbus was:

  • Black or African American: 46.28%
  • White: 43.34%
  • Two or more races: 4.62%
  • Other race: 2.73%
  • Asian: 2.47%
  • Native American: 0.42%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.14%
The current population of Columbus, Georgia is 198,969 based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates. The US Census estimates the 2018 population at 194,169.The last official US Census in 2010 recorded the population at 189,885.

Columbus, Georgia Population 2021

2019 and 2020 population is estimated by projecting the raw 2018 numbers.

Year Population Growth Growth Rate
2021326,7222,8370.87%
2020323,8852,8370.88%
2019321,0482,8370.88%
2018318,2112,2690.71%
2017315,942-3,098-0.98%
2016319,040-3,732-1.17%
2015322,772-2,501-0.77%
2014325,273-2,571-0.79%
2013327,8445,1231.56%
2012322,7217,4162.30%
2011315,3055,8291.85%
2010309,4760.00%

Columbus Metro Area Population by Year

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage
Black or African American90,58046.28%
White84,84143.34%
Two or More Races9,0374.62%
Some Other Race5,3412.73%
Asian4,8402.47%
American Indian and Alaska Native8240.42%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander2760.14%
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Columbus Population by Race

Columbus Population Pyramid $2021

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Columbus Median Age

34


Total

32.4


Male

36.2


Female

Columbus Adults

There are 147,250 adults, (25,445 of whom are seniors) in Columbus.

Columbus Age Dependency

60.7

Age Dependency Ratio

20.9

Old Age Dependency Ratio

39.8

Child Dependency Ratio

Columbus Sex Ratio

Female

100,200

51.19%

Male

95,539

48.81%

Columbus Population by Age

Columbus Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

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Columbus Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married64.9%35.1%
All48%52%
Non Family38.4%61.6%
Male36.8%63.2%
Female36.2%63.8%

48.0%

Rate of Home Ownership

Columbus Households and Families

Type Count Average Size Owned
All72,7592.5948
Non Family27,9581.238.4
Married27,6993.3264.9
Female13,4073.7336.2
Male3,6953.5636.8

3.38

Average Family Size

2.59

Average Household Size

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Columbus Households by Type

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Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade4,5933.61%
9th to 12th Grade10,6048.34%
High School Graduate34,79127.36%
Some College32,70425.72%
Associates Degree11,6989.20%
Bachelors Degree19,50715.34%
Graduate Degree13,24410.42%
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Columbus Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Columbus Educational Attainment by Race

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Race Total High School Bachelors
Black57,77749,2019,790
White55,63450,96718,882
Hispanic8,2866,9471,578
Asian3,4042,9851,485
Other Race3,3582,521465
2+ Races2,8302,6451,068
Native American536491300
Islander146146

The highest rate of high school graduation is among islander people with a rate of 100.00%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among native american people with a rate of 55.97%.

Columbus Educational Attainment by Race

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Name Average Male Female
Overall$32,902$42,172$26,862
Less Than 9th Grade$19,729$21,484$15,979
High School Graduate$24,278$29,960$19,571
Some College$31,923$44,406$25,024
Bachelors Degree$48,357$60,950$37,410
Graduate Degree$62,668$81,758$51,305

$32,902

Average Earnings

$42,172

Average Male

$26,862

Average Female

Columbus Earnings by Educational Attainment

Columbus Language by Age

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Columbus Language

91.70% of Columbus residents speak only English, while 8.30% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 4.77% of the population.

Columbus Language

Columbus Poverty by Race

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Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
Black87,46524,99828.58%
White75,7518,83511.66%
Hispanic14,4113,63125.20%
Multiple8,8642,08823.56%
Other5,2471,75133.37%
Asian4,7993326.92%
Native81113316.40%
Islander268269.70%

20.67%

Overall Poverty Rate

19.13%

Male Poverty Rate

22.06%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Columbus

The race most likely to be in poverty in Columbus is Other, with 33.37% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Columbus is Asian, with 6.92% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 4.55%. Among those working part-time, it was 25.33%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 28.17%.

Columbus Poverty

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Name Poverty
Less Than 9th Grade37.50%
High School22.74%
Some College13.62%
Bachelors or Greater5.70%

Columbus Poverty Rate by Education

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Rate Poverty
Male Unemployed44.01%
Female Unemployed42.28%
Female Employed12.38%
Male Employed7.68%

Columbus Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Columbus Income by Household Type

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Name Median Mean
Households$46,408$65,942
Families$60,074$80,521
Married Families$80,040$103,713
Non Families$28,788$40,857
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Income by Household Type

Columbus Marital Status

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Marriage Rates

39.5%

Overall Marriage Rate

41.4%

Male Marriage Rate

37.8%

Female Marriage Rate

Columbus Married by Age and Sex

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Columbus Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 45-54.

Columbus Marital Status by Race

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Columbus Marital Status

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19,835

Number of Veterans

16,836

Male Veterans

2,999

Female Veterans

War Veterans
First Gulf War7,082
Second Gulf War6,303
Vietnam5,701
Korea894
World War II316

Columbus Veterans by War

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Age Group Veterans
35 to 546,446
55 to 644,575
65 to 743,632
18 to 342,819
75+2,363

Columbus Veterans by Age

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Name Veterans % of Total
Black9,75114.69%
White9,00114.33%
Hispanic1,22113.99%
Other Race45613.59%
2+ Races2446.85%
Asian2075.73%
Islander11961.03%
Native American578.81%

Columbus Veterans by Race

Columbus Veterans by Education

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9.33%

Veteran Poverty Rate

35.37%

Veteran Disability Rate

Columbus Veterans by Education

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60.6%

Labor Force Participation

51%

Employment Rate

9.2%

Unemployment Rate

Columbus Employment by Age

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Columbus Employment by Race

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Columbus Employment by Education

Origin of Non-Citizens

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Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

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55.40%

Born in Columbus

94.66%

Native Born

5.34%

Foreign Born

2.28%

Non Citizen

3.06%

Naturalized

Place of Birth

94.66% of Columbus residents were born in the United States, with 55.40% having been born in Georgia. 2.28% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.

Columbus Place of Birth

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2021198,9691,6000.81%
2020197,3691,6000.82%
2019195,7691,6000.82%
2018194,1693330.17%
2017193,836-2,383-1.21%
2016196,219-2,483-1.25%
2015198,702-1,861-0.93%
2014200,563-2,662-1.31%
2013203,2254,2602.14%
2012198,9653,6941.89%
2011195,2714,1702.18%
2010191,1015,3200.28%
2000185,7817,1000.39%
1990178,6819,2400.53%
1980169,44114,4130.89%
1970155,02838,2492.87%
1960116,77937,1683.91%
195079,61126,3314.10%
194053,28010,1492.14%
193043,13112,0063.32%
192031,12510,5714.24%
191020,5542,9401.56%
190017,6143110.18%
189017,3037,1805.51%
188010,1232,7223.18%
18707,401-2,220-2.59%
18609,6213,6794.94%
18505,9422,8286.67%
18403,1140.00%

Columbus Population by Year