Columbus, Indiana Population 2020

47,665

Columbus is a city located in Indiana. With a 2020 population of 47,665, it is the 22nd largest city in Indiana and the 828th largest city in the United States. Columbus is currently growing at a rate of 0.13% annually and its population has increased by 8.18% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 44,061 in 2010. Spanning over 28 miles, Columbus has a population density of 1,696 people per square mile.

The average household income in Columbus is $78,702 with a poverty rate of 12.69%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to $913 per month, and the median house value is $156,400. The median age in Columbus is 35.7 years, 34.3 years for males, and 37.3 years for females. For every 100 females there are 99.1 males.

Columbus Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Columbus was:

  • White: 80.78%
  • Asian: 11.66%
  • Two or more races: 2.50%
  • Black or African American: 2.46%
  • Other race: 2.27%
  • Native American: 0.26%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.08%
The current population of Columbus, Indiana is 47,665, based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates. The US Census estimates the 2018 population at 47,543.The last official US Census in 2010 recorded the population at 44,061.

Columbus, Indiana Population 2020

Year Total Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
202083,4013240.39%
201983,0773240.39%
201882,7533240.39%
201782,4291160.14%
201682,3138401.02%
201581,4739741.20%
201480,4998441.05%
201379,6556560.82%
201278,9991,3851.75%
201177,6147941.02%
201076,8200.00%

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage
White38,15080.78%
Asian5,50511.66%
Two or More Races1,1792.50%
Black or African American1,1612.46%
Some Other Race1,0732.27%
American Indian and Alaska Native1210.26%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander380.08%

Columbus Population Pyramid 2020

Columbus Median Age

35.7


Total

34.3


Male

37.3


Female

Columbus Adults

There are 36,004 adults, (7,196 of whom are seniors) in Columbus.

Columbus Age Dependency

63.9

Age Dependency Ratio

25

Old Age Dependency Ratio

39

Child Dependency Ratio

Columbus Sex Ratio

Female

23,725

50.24%

Male

23,502

49.76%

Columbus Households and Families

Columbus Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

Columbus Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married79.8%20.2%
All62.5%37.5%
Non Family50.1%49.9%
Male43.6%56.4%
Female39.7%60.3%

62.5%

Rate of Home Ownership

Type Count Average Size Owned
All18,7162.4862.5
Married8,6803.2179.8
Non Family7,1671.2550.1
Female2,1293.2339.7
Male7403.5743.6

3.16

Average Family Size

2.48

Average Household Size

5.3%

Unmarried (Opposite Sex)

0%

Unmarried (Same Sex)

Columbus Education

Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade7152.26%
9th to 12th Grade1,7595.56%
High School Graduate7,99925.29%
Some College5,42017.14%
Associates Degree2,6828.48%
Bachelors Degree7,38623.35%
Graduate Degree5,66517.91%

Columbus Educational Attainment by Race

Name Total High School Bachelors
White25,19123,4088,908
Asian3,8003,6883,332
Hispanic1,425953351
Black786695269
Other Race59334471
Multiple Races454438191
Native American4242
Islander1010

The highest rate of high school graduation is among native american people with a rate of 100.00%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among asian people with a rate of 87.68%.

Name Average Male Female
Overall$41,577$54,463$30,697
Less Than High School$21,964$28,705$13,060
High School Grad$29,147$32,873$22,699
Some College$32,903$41,270$25,479
Bachelors Degree$52,784$72,768$36,827
Graduate Degree$86,143$93,859$66,500

$41,577

Average Earnings

$54,463

Average Male

$30,697

Average Female

Columbus Language

Columbus Language by Age

Columbus Language

84.54% of Columbus residents speak only English, while 15.46% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Asian and Pacific Island languages, which is spoken by 5.64% of the population.

Columbus Poverty

Columbus Poverty by Race

Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
White35,9814,75313.21%
Hispanic2,72448517.80%
Other1,06626524.86%
Asian5,5052474.49%
Multiple1,17822118.76%
Native121121100.00%
Black1,059646.04%

12.69%

Overall Poverty Rate

10.41%

Male Poverty Rate

14.94%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Columbus

The race most likely to be in poverty in Columbus is Native, with 100.00% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Columbus is Asian, with 4.49% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 1.98%. Among those working part-time, it was 16.76%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 17.76%.

Name Poverty
Less Than High School29.27%
High School12.91%
Some College10.64%
Bachelors or Greater1.86%
Name Poverty
Female Unemployed32.85%
Male Unemployed29.97%
Female Employed8.46%
Male Employed3.56%

Columbus Income

Columbus Income by Household Type

Name Median Mean
Households$60,152$78,702
Families$76,704$92,762
Married Families$91,989-
Non Families$36,931$53,153

Columbus Marital Status

Columbus Marital Status

Marriage Rates

50.4%

Overall Marriage Rate

52.0%

Male Marriage Rate

49.0%

Female Marriage Rate

Columbus Married by Age and Sex

Columbus Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is 35-44, while the female age group most likely to be married is 35-44.

Columbus Marital Status by Race

Columbus Veterans

2,143

Number of Veterans

1,988

Male Veterans

155

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Vietnam866
Second Gulf War381
First Gulf War283
Korea237
World War II69
Age Group Veterans
75+621
65 to 74614
35 to 54348
18 to 34293
55 to 64267
Name Veterans % of Total
White2,0386.94%
Black607.08%
2 or More243.45%
Asian210.49%
Hispanic150.89%

$Columbus Veterans by Education

4.84%

Veteran Poverty Rate

21.73%

Veteran Disability Rate

Columbus Employment Status

65.8%

Labor Force Participation

62.7%

Employment Rate

4.6%

Unemployment Rate

Columbus Place of Birth

Origin of Non-Citizens

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

63.85%

Born in Indiana

85.39%

Native Born

14.61%

Foreign Born

12.46%

Non Citizen

Place of Birth

85.39% of Columbus residents were born in the United States, with 63.85% having been born in Indiana. 12.46% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Asia.

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
202047,665610.13%
201947,604610.13%
201847,5431760.37%
201747,367610.13%
201647,3064901.05%
201546,8165691.23%
201446,2474941.08%
201345,7533800.84%
201245,3738041.80%
201144,5694611.05%
201044,1085,0491.22%
200039,0597,2572.08%
199031,8021,1880.38%
198030,6144,1571.47%
197026,4575,6792.45%
196020,7782,4081.24%
195018,3706,6324.58%
194011,7381,8031.68%
19309,9359451.00%
19208,9901770.20%
19108,8136830.81%
19008,1301,4111.92%
18906,7191,9063.39%
18804,8131,4543.66%
18703,3590.00%