Columbus, Indiana Population 2021

50,886
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Columbus is a city located in Bartholomew County Indiana. Columbus has a 2020 population of 50,886. It is also the county seat of Bartholomew County. Columbus is currently growing at a rate of 1.21% annually and its population has increased by 11.61% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 45,594 in 2010. Columbus reached it's highest population of 50,886 in 2021.

The average household income in Columbus is $79,491 with a poverty rate of 14.48%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to $947 per month, and the median house value is $159,700. The median age in Columbus is 35.6 years, 34 years for males, and 37.6 years for females.

Columbus Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Columbus was:

  • White: 81.12%
  • Asian: 10.51%
  • Two or more races: 3.05%
  • Other race: 2.89%
  • Black or African American: 2.04%
  • Native American: 0.30%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.09%
The current population of Columbus, Indiana is 50,886 based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates. The US Census estimates the 2018 population at 49,068.The last official US Census in 2010 recorded the population at 45,594.

Columbus, Indiana Population 2021

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage
White39,69881.12%
Asian5,14410.51%
Two or More Races1,4933.05%
Some Other Race1,4142.89%
Black or African American9992.04%
American Indian and Alaska Native1450.30%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander420.09%
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Columbus Population by Race

Columbus Population Pyramid $2021

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Columbus Median Age

35.6


Total

34


Male

37.6


Female

Columbus Adults

There are 37,613 adults, (7,642 of whom are seniors) in Columbus.

Columbus Age Dependency

63.3

Age Dependency Ratio

25.5

Old Age Dependency Ratio

37.8

Child Dependency Ratio

Columbus Sex Ratio

Female

24,922

50.93%

Male

24,013

49.07%

Columbus Population by Age

Columbus Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

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Columbus Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married79.6%20.4%
All62.1%37.9%
Male54.4%45.6%
Non Family50.3%49.7%
Female38.6%61.4%

62.1%

Rate of Home Ownership

Columbus Households and Families

Type Count Average Size Owned
All19,3342.4962.1
Married8,6073.2279.6
Non Family7,7131.350.3
Female2,2733.3538.6
Male7413.6554.4

3.17

Average Family Size

2.49

Average Household Size

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Columbus Households by Type

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Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade6852.08%
9th to 12th Grade1,9045.79%
High School Graduate8,65426.32%
Some College6,07618.48%
Associates Degree2,7878.48%
Bachelors Degree7,37022.41%
Graduate Degree5,40616.44%
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Columbus Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Columbus Educational Attainment by Race

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Race Total High School Bachelors
White26,42624,4898,760
Asian3,5433,4333,109
Hispanic1,5231,057421
Black818749263
Other Race643361131
2+ Races474467170
Native American6262
Islander1313

The highest rate of high school graduation is among native american people with a rate of 100.00%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among asian people with a rate of 87.75%.

Columbus Educational Attainment by Race

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Name Average Male Female
Overall$40,588$53,804$30,234
Less Than 9th Grade$21,415$30,817$15,417
High School Graduate$30,893$32,849$22,392
Some College$32,942$43,661$24,823
Bachelors Degree$54,798$74,521$36,657
Graduate Degree$82,093$92,078$52,383

$40,588

Average Earnings

$53,804

Average Male

$30,234

Average Female

Columbus Earnings by Educational Attainment

Columbus Language by Age

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Columbus Language

85.72% of Columbus residents speak only English, while 14.28% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Other Indo-European, which is spoken by 5.68% of the population.

Columbus Language

Columbus Poverty by Race

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Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
White37,1945,17013.90%
Hispanic3,09171323.07%
Asian5,14456510.98%
Other1,33144333.28%
Multiple1,48226217.68%
Native145145100.00%
Black8989610.69%

14.48%

Overall Poverty Rate

11.83%

Male Poverty Rate

17.02%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Columbus

The race most likely to be in poverty in Columbus is Native, with 100.00% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Columbus is Black, with 10.69% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 1.69%. Among those working part-time, it was 20.73%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 18.91%.

Columbus Poverty

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Name Poverty
Less Than 9th Grade33.37%
High School14.00%
Some College11.50%
Bachelors or Greater3.21%

Columbus Poverty Rate by Education

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Rate Poverty
Female Unemployed41.19%
Male Unemployed20.03%
Female Employed9.00%
Male Employed5.59%

Columbus Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Columbus Income by Household Type

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Name Median Mean
Households$61,068$79,491
Families$77,224$94,003
Married Families$92,028-
Non Families$38,335$54,866
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Income by Household Type

Columbus Marital Status

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Marriage Rates

47.8%

Overall Marriage Rate

49.3%

Male Marriage Rate

46.4%

Female Marriage Rate

Columbus Married by Age and Sex

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Columbus Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is 35-44, while the female age group most likely to be married is 35-44.

Columbus Marital Status by Race

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Columbus Marital Status

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2,085

Number of Veterans

1,913

Male Veterans

172

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Vietnam765
Second Gulf War483
First Gulf War330
Korea179
World War II55

Columbus Veterans by War

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Age Group Veterans
65 to 74583
75+532
35 to 54503
18 to 34276
55 to 64191

Columbus Veterans by Age

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Name Veterans % of Total
White1,9966.47%
Black384.33%
Asian290.72%
2+ Races222.78%

Columbus Veterans by Race

Columbus Veterans by Education

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4.55%

Veteran Poverty Rate

20.20%

Veteran Disability Rate

Columbus Veterans by Education

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64.9%

Labor Force Participation

61.5%

Employment Rate

5%

Unemployment Rate

Columbus Employment by Age

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Columbus Employment by Race

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Columbus Employment by Education

Origin of Non-Citizens

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Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

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64.63%

Born in Columbus

86.31%

Native Born

13.69%

Foreign Born

11.51%

Non Citizen

2.18%

Naturalized

Place of Birth

86.31% of Columbus residents were born in the United States, with 64.63% having been born in Indiana. 11.51% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Asia.

Columbus Place of Birth

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
202150,8866061.21%
202050,2806061.22%
201949,6746061.24%
201849,0682830.58%
201748,785-25-0.05%
201648,8104560.94%
201548,3545731.20%
201447,7815031.06%
201347,2783890.83%
201246,8898211.78%
201146,0684741.04%
201045,5940.00%

Columbus Population by Year