Dayton, Ohio Population 2020

139,756

Dayton is a city located in Montgomery County, Ohio. With a 2020 population of 139,756, it is the 6th largest city in Ohio and the 197th largest city in the United States. Dayton is currently declining at a rate of -0.32% annually and its population has decreased by -1.25% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 141,527 in 2010. Dayton reached it's highest population of 262,332 in 1960. Spanning over 57 miles, Dayton has a population density of 2,523 people per square mile.

The average household income in Dayton is $44,396 with a poverty rate of 32.08%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to $681 per month, and the median house value is $66,500. The median age in Dayton is 33.1 years, 31.6 years for males, and 34.5 years for females. For every 100 females there are 95.4 males.

Part of Dayton is located in neighboring Greene County. The city is the sixth most populous in the state, and its metro area is the fourth largest in Ohio.

Dayton Population, Age, and Labor Statistics

The top employer of Dayton is Premier Health Partners, which employs over 14,000 people. Other top employers are Montgomery County, Sinclair Community College, Dayton Public Schools and the University of Dayton.

Dayton Population Growth

Through the 1960s, Dayton experienced significant growth, exceeding 116,000 residents in 1910 and then surpassing 200,000 in 1930. The population peaked at the time of the 1960 census, which showed that there were 262,332 residents. However, the population began to drop after, falling to 141,759 at the time of the 2010 census. Recent estimates show that the population has fallen 0.9% since the last census, indicating that the loss in population may be slowing down and efforts to revitalize the city may be successful.

The city of Dayton was founded in 1796 by the Thompson Party. Other groups arrived shortly after that to the area. Just one year later, the “Mad River Country” was open to settlers, and an overland connection was created between the city and Cincinnati. Dayton was incorporated as a city in 1805 and was named in honor of the Revolutionary War captain Jonathan Dayton.

In the 1820s, the Dayton-Cincinnati canal was constructed. This provided means for transporting goods and helped boost the city’s economy throughout the 19th century. It was during this time that many essential items were invented in Dayton, including the first mechanical cash register and the hydraulic jump.

It was the invention of the cash register that led to the formation of the National Cash Register Company in the late 1800s. This began Dayton’s journey into manufacturing, which would only continue to bolster the economy in the years ahead. A manufacturing boom occurred during World War II, and the population grew so rapidly that emergency housing was constructed.

The city continued to grow through the 1970s as veterans came to the area for the industrial and manufacturing opportunities that were available. There was also a suburban boom as the city expanded and over 127,000 homes were constructed in the 1950s.

However, this population boom didn’t last. Beginning in the 1980s, the population began to decline because of the national housing crisis of 2008 and the loss of manufacturing jobs. The city has taken steps to boost its growth, including diversifying the workforce and expanding the downtown area.

Dayton Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Dayton was:

  • White: 55.32%
  • Black or African American: 38.96%
  • Two or more races: 3.49%
  • Asian: 0.94%
  • Other race: 0.91%
  • Native American: 0.34%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.04%
The current population of Dayton, Ohio is 139,756, based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates. The US Census estimates the 2018 population at 140,640. The last official US Census in 2010 recorded the population at 141,527.
Year Total Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2020812,2182,8350.35%
2019809,3832,8350.35%
2018806,5482,8350.35%
2017803,7131,9480.24%
2016801,7651,5670.20%
2015800,198-800-0.10%
2014800,998-343-0.04%
2013801,341-198-0.02%
2012801,5397840.10%
2011800,7551,0910.14%
2010799,6640.00%

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage
White77,88355.32%
Black or African American54,85338.96%
Two or More Races4,9173.49%
Asian1,3170.94%
Some Other Race1,2780.91%
American Indian and Alaska Native4750.34%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander590.04%

Dayton Population Pyramid 2020

Dayton Median Age

33.1


Total

31.6


Male

34.5


Female

Dayton Adults

There are 110,010 adults, (17,519 of whom are seniors) in Dayton.

Dayton Age Dependency

52.2

Age Dependency Ratio

18.9

Old Age Dependency Ratio

33.3

Child Dependency Ratio

Dayton Sex Ratio

Female

72,042

51.17%

Male

68,740

48.83%

Dayton Households and Families

Dayton Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

Dayton Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married74.3%25.7%
All47%53%
Male40.8%59.2%
Non Family40%60%
Female33.8%66.2%

47.0%

Rate of Home Ownership

Type Count Average Size Owned
All57,7042.2147
Non Family28,3091.240
Married14,0363.274.3
Female12,3283.1733.8
Male3,0313.1840.8

3.05

Average Family Size

2.21

Average Household Size

7.6%

Unmarried (Opposite Sex)

0.3%

Unmarried (Same Sex)

Dayton Education

Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade3,8324.33%
9th to 12th Grade10,78612.19%
High School Graduate25,99129.38%
Some College23,62726.71%
Associates Degree8,2389.31%
Bachelors Degree9,90711.20%
Graduate Degree6,0756.87%

Dayton Educational Attainment by Race

Name Total High School Bachelors
White47,82340,6949,783
Black35,35229,1315,156
Hispanic2,4621,512259
Multiple Races1,7811,689358
Asian874724438
Other Race49921642
Native American3312505
Islander33337

The highest rate of high school graduation is among islander people with a rate of 100.00%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among asian people with a rate of 50.11%.

Name Average Male Female
Overall$26,612$30,015$23,763
Less Than High School$16,735$19,033$14,162
High School Grad$22,058$26,096$18,461
Some College$25,807$29,610$22,820
Bachelors Degree$38,373$46,898$33,717
Graduate Degree$57,660$59,917$54,673

$26,612

Average Earnings

$30,015

Average Male

$23,763

Average Female

Dayton Language

Dayton Language by Age

Dayton Language

93.07% of Dayton residents speak only English, while 6.93% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 2.67% of the population.

Dayton Poverty

Dayton Poverty by Race

Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
Black53,60121,81140.69%
White64,18215,30123.84%
Hispanic5,0992,34445.97%
Multiple4,6731,54433.04%
Other1,16655747.77%
Native46336779.27%
Asian1,13720718.21%
Islander592033.90%

32.08%

Overall Poverty Rate

30.14%

Male Poverty Rate

33.89%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Dayton

The race most likely to be in poverty in Dayton is Native, with 79.27% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Dayton is Asian, with 18.21% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 6.29%. Among those working part-time, it was 37.12%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 40.33%.

Name Poverty
Less Than High School42.58%
High School28.43%
Some College25.94%
Bachelors or Greater9.36%
Name Poverty
Female Unemployed65.82%
Male Unemployed43.02%
Female Employed18.79%
Male Employed13.62%

Dayton Income

Dayton Income by Household Type

Name Median Mean
Households$31,395$44,396
Families$40,814$53,654
Married Families$64,733$76,622
Non Families$21,764$32,870

Dayton Marital Status

Dayton Marital Status

Marriage Rates

27.6%

Overall Marriage Rate

28.9%

Male Marriage Rate

26.3%

Female Marriage Rate

Dayton Married by Age and Sex

Dayton Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 45-54.

Dayton Marital Status by Race

Dayton Veterans

9,085

Number of Veterans

7,909

Male Veterans

1,176

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Vietnam2,992
First Gulf War1,910
Second Gulf War1,502
Korea625
World War II233
Age Group Veterans
35 to 542,553
55 to 642,226
65 to 741,855
75+1,696
18 to 34755
Name Veterans % of Total
White5,5428.63%
Black3,2037.87%
2 or More27411.24%
Hispanic2377.03%
Other467.00%
Asian100.84%
Indian102.78%

$Dayton Veterans by Education

13.38%

Veteran Poverty Rate

30.85%

Veteran Disability Rate

Dayton Employment Status

57.3%

Labor Force Participation

50.2%

Employment Rate

11.9%

Unemployment Rate

Dayton Place of Birth

Origin of Non-Citizens

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

69.53%

Born in Ohio

94.99%

Native Born

5.01%

Foreign Born

2.69%

Non Citizen

Place of Birth

94.99% of Dayton residents were born in the United States, with 69.53% having been born in Ohio. 2.69% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Asia.

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2020139,756-442-0.32%
2019140,198-442-0.31%
2018140,6402240.16%
2017140,416-442-0.31%
2016140,858240.02%
2015140,834-284-0.20%
2014141,118-911-0.64%
2013142,0291200.08%
2012141,909-79-0.06%
2011141,988-367-0.26%
2010142,355-23,824-1.54%
2000166,179-15,865-0.91%
1990182,044-11,492-0.61%
1980193,536-49,487-2.25%
1970243,023-19,309-0.76%
1960262,33218,4600.73%
1950243,87233,1541.47%
1940210,7189,7360.47%
1930200,98248,4232.79%
1920152,55935,9822.73%
1910116,57731,2443.17%
190085,33324,1133.38%
189061,22022,5424.70%
188038,6788,2052.41%
187030,47310,3924.26%
186020,0819,1046.23%
185010,9774,9106.11%
18406,0673,1177.48%
18302,9501,95011.42%
18201,0006009.60%
18104000.00%