Detroit, Michigan Population 2020

667,272

Detroit is a city located in Wayne County, Michigan. With a 2020 population of 667,272, it is the largest city in Michigan and the 24th largest city in the United States. Detroit is currently declining at a rate of -0.40% annually and its population has decreased by -6.52% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 713,777 in 2010. Detroit reached it's highest population of 1,849,568 in 1950. Spanning over 143 miles, Detroit has a population density of 4,810 people per square mile.

The average household income in Detroit is $42,105 with a poverty rate of 36.43%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to $798 per month, and the median house value is $45,700. The median age in Detroit is 34.7 years, 32.7 years for males, and 36.3 years for females. For every 100 females there are 89.6 males.

Detroit, the most populous city in Michigan and the Metro Detroit area, serves as a vital port connecting the Great Lakes to the Saint Lawrence Seaway. Detroit is also known as the traditional automotive center of the world, and its name is synonymous for the US auto industry, as well as its musical legacies, which have earned it the nicknames Motor City and Motown. Detroit's population in 2000 was 951,270, which dropped to only 713,777 by 2010.

Detroit's population has been declining for more than 60 years, and its 2016 estimated population of 677,116 represents a 0.94% decrease from its 2010 population. The urban area of Detroit is home to an estimated 3.7 million, while its metropolitan area has a population of 4.275 million. The Combined Statistical Area has a population of 5.2 million.

In 1950, Detroit was the 4th largest city in the country, but its population has been in decline for the past 60 years with the second largest population decline in the country (second only to St. Louis).

Because of this decline, Detroit now has a large number of abandoned buildings and homes and the area is dealing with urban decay.

Detroit's Decline

Detroit has been going through an economic decline for many years, in part due to urban decay, in which young, educated people move away from the city for better options. Other causes of Detroit's decline include segregation, politics, and of course, the collapse of the auto industry, which the city has relied on for many years.

Between 1947 and 1963, the city lost over 140,000 manufacturing jobs. In the next decade, Japanese car imports took up a greater share of the United States market, which took even more jobs from the region. Unfortunately, Detroit became dependent on a single industry -- automobiles -- and the city's population dropped by over 40% from 1970 to 2006.

Between 2000 and 2010, Detroit's population fell an astounding 25%, dropping the city from the 10th largest city in the country to the 18th. In 2010, Detroit's population was 713,000, a 60% decrease from its peak population of 1.8 million in 1950.

Detroit is an extreme case of what has affected other major, old industrial cities in the country. As the industrial cities in the United States declined, only Detroit hit rock bottom with $20 billion in unpaid bills in 2013 that led to the single largest municipal bankruptcy in US history.

Detroit Diversity

Along with its population problem, Detroit also has a demographics problem with a wide age distribution. 31.1% of its population is under 18, 9.7% are 18-24, 29.5% are 25-44, 19.3% are 45-64 and 10.4% are 65 or older. The median age in Detroit is 31, and for every 100 females aged 18, there are 83 males.

Detroit is also one of the poorest major cities in the United States, and poverty is a real problem. The median household income dropped from $29,526 in 2000 to $26,098 in 2009. A year later, it had fallen further to $25,787. nIn In 2010, the mean income is below the US average by thousands. 1 in 3 residents in the city are in poverty.

Oakland County, a part of Metro Detroit, was once one of the wealthiest counties in the US, but it is no longer in the top 25.

In 1940, non-Hispanic whites accounted for 90.4% of Detroit's population, but there has been a significant shift in its population to the suburbs since the 1950s. In 1910, only 6,000 black people lived in the city, which grew to 120,000 by 1930.

Detroit is still one of the most racially segregated cities in the country. While black people moved to Detroit from the 40s through the 70s to escape Jim Crow laws elsewhere, they encountered exclusion from white areas, sometimes through economic discrimination or even violence. The traditional boundary between white and black regions of the city is Eight Mile Road.

Blacks and African Americans makeup only 13% of the state's population as a whole but account for 82% of Detroit's population.

Detroit Population Growth

Detroit's population decline is expected to continue for some time. The city owes creditors $18 billion, and its bankruptcy case was approved in 2014. As of 2016, the future for the city remains unknown.

Even if Detroit comes up with a feasible plan, it doesn't answer the question of what will happen in the future. Detroit's revenues do not match its expenses, and it's dealing with a rapidly declining population, and thus lower tax revenues.

According to the US Census Bureau, Detroit's population decline is finally slowing, which means its 25% drop over the last ten years may have bottomed out. This doesn't say the slump is over, however, or that the city is rebounding.

It's currently estimated that Detroit's population will fall to just 610,000 people by 2030, down from 2013's 701,475. Demographer Kurt Metzger, however, adds that he believes the population will as low as 600,000 before stabilizing.

Detroit Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Detroit was:

  • Black or African American: 78.64%
  • White: 14.55%
  • Other race: 2.92%
  • Two or more races: 1.95%
  • Asian: 1.57%
  • Native American: 0.34%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.03%
The current population of Detroit, Michigan is 667,272, based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates. The US Census estimates the 2018 population at 672,662. The last official US Census in 2010 recorded the population at 713,777.
Year Total Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
20204,335,9184,7380.11%
20194,331,1804,7380.11%
20184,326,4424,7380.11%
20174,321,7045,5060.13%
20164,316,1986,3530.15%
20154,309,845-1,854-0.04%
20144,311,6995,8390.14%
20134,305,8604,9580.12%
20124,300,9029,4960.22%
20114,291,406-187-0.00%
20104,291,5930.00%

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage
Black or African American532,53778.64%
White98,53414.55%
Some Other Race19,7602.92%
Two or More Races13,1951.95%
Asian10,6591.57%
American Indian and Alaska Native2,2850.34%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander1850.03%

Detroit Population Pyramid 2020

Detroit Median Age

34.7


Total

32.7


Male

36.3


Female

Detroit Adults

There are 507,389 adults, (90,017 of whom are seniors) in Detroit.

Detroit Age Dependency

62.2

Age Dependency Ratio

21.6

Old Age Dependency Ratio

40.7

Child Dependency Ratio

Detroit Sex Ratio

Female

357,156

52.74%

Male

319,999

47.26%

Detroit Households and Families

Detroit Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

Detroit Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married72.9%27.1%
Male52.4%47.6%
All47.4%52.6%
Non Family40.5%59.5%
Female39.3%60.7%

47.4%

Rate of Home Ownership

Type Count Average Size Owned
All260,3832.5547.4
Non Family119,5391.1940.5
Female71,1003.7939.3
Married51,2363.6772.9
Male18,5083.4952.4

3.55

Average Family Size

2.55

Average Household Size

6.9%

Unmarried (Opposite Sex)

0.2%

Unmarried (Same Sex)

Detroit Education

Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade24,8305.72%
9th to 12th Grade61,84714.24%
High School Graduate141,44432.56%
Some College110,60825.46%
Associates Degree32,4737.47%
Bachelors Degree37,7988.70%
Graduate Degree25,4635.86%

Detroit Educational Attainment by Race

Name Total High School Bachelors
Black344,598283,27242,009
White50,15140,45115,292
Hispanic25,83213,2001,409
Other Race10,2905,108509
Multiple Races6,9025,5971,384
Asian6,5124,7773,068
Native American1,7421,356104
Islander9389

The highest rate of high school graduation is among islander people with a rate of 95.70%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among asian people with a rate of 47.11%.

Name Average Male Female
Overall$26,254$27,586$24,865
Less Than High School$19,183$21,615$16,124
High School Grad$22,314$25,707$20,092
Some College$26,288$29,085$24,925
Bachelors Degree$40,207$44,050$37,859
Graduate Degree$52,410$54,216$51,291

$26,254

Average Earnings

$27,586

Average Male

$24,865

Average Female

Detroit Language

Detroit Language by Age

Detroit Language

88.87% of Detroit residents speak only English, while 11.13% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 6.60% of the population.

Detroit Poverty

Detroit Poverty by Race

Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
Black525,443190,06936.17%
White66,20323,53335.55%
Hispanic50,88019,76738.85%
Other19,5807,04535.98%
Multiple12,9175,10739.54%
Asian10,0103,54535.41%
Native2,27087638.59%
Islander1795731.84%

36.43%

Overall Poverty Rate

35.48%

Male Poverty Rate

37.27%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Detroit

The race most likely to be in poverty in Detroit is Multiple, with 39.54% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Detroit is Islander, with 31.84% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 8.08%. Among those working part-time, it was 34.82%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 44.35%.

Name Poverty
Less Than High School45.00%
High School32.86%
Some College25.49%
Bachelors or Greater11.97%
Name Poverty
Female Unemployed55.60%
Male Unemployed49.55%
Female Employed19.21%
Male Employed14.70%

Detroit Income

Detroit Income by Household Type

Name Median Mean
Households$29,481$42,105
Families$35,020$48,209
Married Families$55,546$71,043
Non Families$20,979$32,500

Detroit Marital Status

Detroit Marital Status

Marriage Rates

22.6%

Overall Marriage Rate

24.5%

Male Marriage Rate

21.0%

Female Marriage Rate

Detroit Married by Age and Sex

Detroit Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 45-54.

Detroit Marital Status by Race

Detroit Veterans

27,847

Number of Veterans

25,239

Male Veterans

2,608

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Vietnam10,268
First Gulf War3,728
Second Gulf War2,939
Korea2,152
World War II1,202
Age Group Veterans
65 to 747,672
55 to 646,398
75+6,072
35 to 546,011
18 to 341,694
Name Veterans % of Total
Black23,0625.77%
White3,8355.03%
2 or More5086.00%
Hispanic4401.40%
Indian19410.17%
Other1781.44%
Hawaiian4043.01%
Asian300.35%

$Detroit Veterans by Education

18.49%

Veteran Poverty Rate

37.60%

Veteran Disability Rate

Detroit Employment Status

53.9%

Labor Force Participation

44.6%

Employment Rate

17.3%

Unemployment Rate

Detroit Place of Birth

Origin of Non-Citizens

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

75.18%

Born in Michigan

93.90%

Native Born

6.10%

Foreign Born

3.85%

Non Citizen

Place of Birth

93.90% of Detroit residents were born in the United States, with 75.18% having been born in Michigan. 3.85% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2020667,272-2,695-0.40%
2019669,967-2,695-0.40%
2018672,662-1,526-0.23%
2017674,188-2,695-0.40%
2016676,883-2,422-0.36%
2015679,305-3,364-0.49%
2014682,669-9,214-1.33%
2013691,883-8,276-1.18%
2012700,159-4,884-0.69%
2011705,043-6,077-0.85%
2010711,120-240,150-2.87%
2000951,270-76,704-0.77%
19901,027,974-175,394-1.56%
19801,203,368-310,695-2.27%
19701,514,063-156,081-0.98%
19601,670,144-179,424-1.02%
19501,849,568226,1161.31%
19401,623,45254,7900.34%
19301,568,662574,9844.67%
1920993,678527,9127.87%
1910465,766180,0625.01%
1900285,70479,8283.33%
1890205,87689,5365.87%
1880116,34036,7633.87%
187079,57733,9585.72%
186045,61924,6008.06%
185021,01911,9178.73%
18409,1026,90215.26%
18302,2008004.62%
18201,4000.00%