Elba, Alabama Population 2020

3,854

Elba is a city located in Alabama. With a 2020 population of 3,854, it is the 122nd largest city in Alabama and the 5514th largest city in the United States. Elba is currently growing at a rate of 0.26% annually but its population has decreased by -2.18% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 3,940 in 2010. Elba reached it's highest population of 4,634 in 1970. Spanning over 15 miles, Elba has a population density of 251 people per square mile.

The average household income in Elba is $47,613 with a poverty rate of 21.56%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to $630 per month, and the median house value is $84,700. The median age in Elba is 41.8 years, 40.8 years for males, and 45.3 years for females. For every 100 females there are 96.6 males.

Elba Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Elba was:

  • White: 56.02%
  • Black or African American: 38.86%
  • Two or more races: 2.54%
  • Asian: 2.02%
  • Other race: 0.31%
  • Native American: 0.23%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.00%
The current population of Elba, Alabama is 3,854, based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates. The US Census estimates the 2018 population at 3,834.The last official US Census in 2010 recorded the population at 3,940.

Elba, Alabama Population 2020

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage
White2,15856.02%
Black or African American1,49738.86%
Two or More Races982.54%
Asian782.02%
Some Other Race120.31%
American Indian and Alaska Native90.23%

Elba Population Pyramid 2020

Elba Median Age

41.8


Total

40.8


Male

45.3


Female

Elba Adults

There are 3,084 adults, (663 of whom are seniors) in Elba.

Elba Age Dependency

59.1

Age Dependency Ratio

27.4

Old Age Dependency Ratio

31.7

Child Dependency Ratio

Elba Sex Ratio

Female

1,959

50.86%

Male

1,893

49.14%

Elba Households and Families

Elba Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

Elba Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married80.4%19.6%
All55.6%44.4%
Non Family48.2%51.8%
Female27.8%72.2%
Male26.5%73.5%

55.6%

Rate of Home Ownership

Type Count Average Size Owned
All1,3682.5855.6
Married5523.1480.4
Non Family4441.1148.2
Female2703.1827.8
Male1024.3126.5

3.21

Average Family Size

2.58

Average Household Size

8.8%

Unmarried (Opposite Sex)

0%

Unmarried (Same Sex)

Elba Education

Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade1405.28%
9th to 12th Grade52119.63%
High School Graduate90233.99%
Some College63423.89%
Associates Degree1144.30%
Bachelors Degree27810.47%
Graduate Degree652.45%

Elba Educational Attainment by Race

Name Total High School Bachelors
White1,6721,273300
Black91268043
Asian2521
Hispanic208
Multiple Races162
Other Race12
Native American99

The highest rate of high school graduation is among native american people with a rate of 100.00%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among white people with a rate of 17.94%.

Name Average Male Female
Overall$22,178$22,532$22,041
Less Than High School$18,015$23,646$
High School Grad$16,467$12,891$20,855
Some College$26,344$27,102$21,926
Bachelors Degree$42,375$$40,625
Graduate Degree$32,750$$32,750

$22,178

Average Earnings

$22,532

Average Male

$22,041

Average Female

Elba Language

Elba Language by Age

Elba Language

97.37% of Elba residents speak only English, while 2.63% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Asian and Pacific Island languages, which is spoken by 1.26% of the population.

Elba Poverty

Elba Poverty by Race

Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
Black1,33138328.78%
White1,98927313.73%
Asian785874.36%
Multiple942526.60%
Hispanic2020100.00%
Other1212100.00%

21.56%

Overall Poverty Rate

18.39%

Male Poverty Rate

24.29%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Elba

The race most likely to be in poverty in Elba is Other, with 100.00% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Elba is White, with 13.73% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 7.77%. Among those working part-time, it was 25.54%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 22.42%.

Name Poverty
Less Than High School26.96%
High School22.88%
Some College6.65%
Bachelors or Greater2.39%
Name Poverty
Female Unemployed35.19%
Male Unemployed20.73%
Female Employed16.81%
Male Employed9.36%

Elba Income

Elba Income by Household Type

Name Median Mean
Households$41,395$47,613
Families$42,760$51,180
Married Families$54,318-
Non Families$24,167$36,552

Elba Marital Status

Elba Marital Status

Marriage Rates

42.3%

Overall Marriage Rate

44.5%

Male Marriage Rate

40.1%

Female Marriage Rate

Elba Married by Age and Sex

Elba Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is 55-64, while the female age group most likely to be married is 45-54.

Elba Marital Status by Race

Elba Veterans

270

Number of Veterans

220

Male Veterans

50

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Second Gulf War73
Korea53
Vietnam51
World War II10
First Gulf War9
Name Veterans % of Total
White20210.74%
Black575.06%
Indian9100.00%
2 or More28.00%

$Elba Veterans by Education

4.71%

Veteran Poverty Rate

40.00%

Veteran Disability Rate

Elba Employment Status

50.5%

Labor Force Participation

44.6%

Employment Rate

11.8%

Unemployment Rate

Elba Place of Birth

Origin of Non-Citizens

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

83.20%

Born in Alabama

99.04%

Native Born

0.96%

Foreign Born

0.73%

Non Citizen

Place of Birth

99.04% of Elba residents were born in the United States, with 83.20% having been born in Alabama. 0.73% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Asia.

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
20203,854100.26%
20193,844100.26%
20183,834-6-0.16%
20173,840100.26%
20163,830-50-1.29%
20153,88090.23%
20143,871-17-0.44%
20133,888-52-1.32%
20123,940130.33%
20113,927-20-0.51%
20103,947-238-0.58%
20004,1851740.43%
19904,011-344-0.82%
19804,355-279-0.62%
19704,6343130.70%
19604,3211,3853.94%
19502,9364130.76%
19302,5230.00%