Elba is a city located in Alabama. With a 2020 population of 3,854, it is the 122nd largest city in Alabama and the 5514th largest city in the United States. Elba is currently growing at a rate of 0.26% annually but its population has decreased by -2.18% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 3,940 in 2010. Elba reached it's highest population of 4,634 in 1970. Spanning over 15 miles, Elba has a population density of 251 people per square mile.
The average household income in Elba is $47,613 with a poverty rate of 21.56%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to $630 per month, and the median house value is $84,700. The median age in Elba is 41.8 years, 40.8 years for males, and 45.3 years for females. For every 100 females there are 96.6 males.