Elgin, Illinois Population 2021

109,567
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Elgin is a city located in Kane County Illinois. With a 2020 population of 109,567, it is the 7th largest city in Illinois and the 282nd largest city in the United States . Elgin is currently declining at a rate of -0.58% annually but its population has increased by 1.27% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 108,188 in 2010. Elgin reached it's highest population of 112,265 in 2016. Spanning over 38 miles, Elgin has a population density of 2,922 people per square mile.

The average household income in Elgin is $86,544 with a poverty rate of 11.30%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to $1,069 per month, and the median house value is $186,000. The median age in Elgin is 35 years, 34.5 years for males, and 35.6 years for females.

Elgin Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Elgin was:

  • White: 61.82%
  • Other race: 22.43%
  • Black or African American: 5.89%
  • Asian: 5.86%
  • Two or more races: 3.24%
  • Native American: 0.75%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.01%
The current population of Elgin, Illinois is 109,567 based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates. The US Census estimates the 2018 population at 111,490.The last official US Census in 2010 recorded the population at 108,188.

Elgin, Illinois Population 2021

2019 and 2020 population is estimated by projecting the raw 2018 numbers.

Year Population Growth Growth Rate
20219,407,300-25,620-0.27%
20209,432,920-25,620-0.27%
20199,458,540-25,620-0.27%
20189,484,160-29,950-0.32%
20179,514,110-19,550-0.21%
20169,533,660-18,890-0.20%
20159,552,550-7,880-0.08%
20149,560,43010,2400.11%
20139,550,19022,1000.23%
20129,528,09027,2200.29%
20119,500,87030,2400.32%
20109,470,6300.00%

Elgin Metro Area Population by Year

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage
White69,64661.82%
Some Other Race25,26822.43%
Black or African American6,6345.89%
Asian6,6035.86%
Two or More Races3,6513.24%
American Indian and Alaska Native8430.75%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander80.01%
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Elgin Population by Race

Elgin Population Pyramid $2021

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Elgin Median Age

35


Total

34.5


Male

35.6


Female

Elgin Adults

There are 82,767 adults, (13,717 of whom are seniors) in Elgin.

Elgin Age Dependency

63.1

Age Dependency Ratio

19.9

Old Age Dependency Ratio

43.3

Child Dependency Ratio

Elgin Sex Ratio

Female

56,740

50.37%

Male

55,913

49.63%

Elgin Population by Age

Elgin Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

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Elgin Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married80.4%19.6%
All69.8%30.2%
Non Family61.6%38.4%
Male59.7%40.3%
Female49.7%50.3%

69.8%

Rate of Home Ownership

Elgin Households and Families

Type Count Average Size Owned
All36,903369.8
Married19,5373.6880.4
Non Family10,3611.2361.6
Female5,0673.6249.7
Male1,9384.0959.7

3.58

Average Family Size

3

Average Household Size

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Elgin Households by Type

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Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade8,57911.91%
9th to 12th Grade6,7309.34%
High School Graduate17,40724.16%
Some College16,13422.39%
Associates Degree5,5747.74%
Bachelors Degree11,35615.76%
Graduate Degree6,2798.71%
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Elgin Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Elgin Educational Attainment by Race

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Race Total High School Bachelors
White35,35433,50912,415
Hispanic27,41515,1712,086
Other Race14,2617,025417
Asian4,5704,0962,321
Black3,9933,376664
2+ Races1,194907258
Native American43715428
Islander88

The highest rate of high school graduation is among islander people with a rate of 100.00%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among asian people with a rate of 50.79%.

Elgin Educational Attainment by Race

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Name Average Male Female
Overall$38,277$42,188$32,079
Less Than 9th Grade$25,680$29,967$21,269
High School Graduate$30,897$35,713$26,123
Some College$41,144$48,260$33,670
Bachelors Degree$56,932$70,651$50,353
Graduate Degree$72,952$85,708$64,650

$38,277

Average Earnings

$42,188

Average Male

$32,079

Average Female

Elgin Earnings by Educational Attainment

Elgin Language by Age

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Elgin Language

54.33% of Elgin residents speak only English, while 45.67% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 38.85% of the population.

Elgin Language

Elgin Poverty by Race

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Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
Hispanic51,1517,28014.23%
Other25,0643,68614.71%
White44,8452,4325.42%
Black6,3872,23735.02%
Multiple3,63670619.42%
Asian6,5554556.94%

11.30%

Overall Poverty Rate

10.24%

Male Poverty Rate

12.35%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Elgin

The race most likely to be in poverty in Elgin is Black, with 35.02% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Elgin is White, with 5.42% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 2.46%. Among those working part-time, it was 10.87%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 17.82%.

Elgin Poverty

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Name Poverty
Less Than 9th Grade14.16%
High School11.70%
Some College7.08%
Bachelors or Greater3.60%

Elgin Poverty Rate by Education

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Rate Poverty
Male Unemployed22.02%
Female Unemployed17.60%
Female Employed6.28%
Male Employed4.09%

Elgin Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Elgin Income by Household Type

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Name Median Mean
Households$69,041$86,544
Families$78,572$95,714
Married Families$91,221$107,576
Non Families$42,559$56,366
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Income by Household Type

Elgin Marital Status

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Marriage Rates

50.0%

Overall Marriage Rate

51.0%

Male Marriage Rate

49.1%

Female Marriage Rate

Elgin Married by Age and Sex

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Elgin Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 35-44.

Elgin Marital Status by Race

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Elgin Marital Status

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3,693

Number of Veterans

3,544

Male Veterans

149

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Vietnam1,289
First Gulf War664
Second Gulf War564
Korea385
World War II50

Elgin Veterans by War

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Age Group Veterans
75+927
65 to 74906
35 to 54773
55 to 64772
18 to 34315

Elgin Veterans by Age

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Name Veterans % of Total
White3,1365.86%
Hispanic4001.20%
Black3277.04%
Asian881.68%
Other Race830.48%
2+ Races533.40%
Native American61.12%

Elgin Veterans by Race

Elgin Veterans by Education

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5.30%

Veteran Poverty Rate

26.07%

Veteran Disability Rate

Elgin Veterans by Education

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68.4%

Labor Force Participation

64.5%

Employment Rate

5.7%

Unemployment Rate

Elgin Employment by Age

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Elgin Employment by Race

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Elgin Employment by Education

Origin of Non-Citizens

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Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

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60.31%

Born in Elgin

73.53%

Native Born

26.47%

Foreign Born

14.94%

Non Citizen

11.53%

Naturalized

Place of Birth

73.53% of Elgin residents were born in the United States, with 60.31% having been born in Illinois. 14.94% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.

Elgin Place of Birth

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2021109,567-641-0.58%
2020110,208-641-0.58%
2019110,849-641-0.57%
2018111,490-613-0.55%
2017112,103-162-0.14%
2016112,2652730.24%
2015111,9929330.84%
2014111,0599100.83%
2013110,1494390.40%
2012109,7104850.44%
2011109,2258370.77%
2010108,38813,9011.38%
200094,48717,4772.07%
199077,01013,3421.92%
198063,6687,9771.35%
197055,6916,2441.20%
196049,4475,2241.12%
195044,2235,8901.44%
194038,3332,4040.65%
193035,9298,4752.73%
192027,4541,4780.55%
191025,9763,5431.48%
190022,4334,6102.33%
189017,8239,0367.33%
18808,7873,3464.91%
18705,4412,6446.88%
18602,7970.00%

Elgin Population by Year