Elgin is a city located in Kane County Illinois. With a 2020 population of 116,119, it is the 6th largest city in Illinois and the 273rd largest city in the United States. Elgin is currently growing at a rate of 0.57% annually and its population has increased by 1.15% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 114,797 in 2020. Spanning over 38 miles, Elgin has a population density of 3,096 people per square mile.
The average household income in Elgin is $86,544 with a poverty rate of 10.49%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to $1,087 per month, and the median house value is $196,100. The median age in Elgin is 35 years, 34.5 years for males, and 35.6 years for females.
According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Elginwas:
2021 and 2022 population is estimated by projecting the 2019 numbers.
Rate of Home Ownership
Average Family Size
Average Household Size
The highest rate of high school graduation is among white people with a rate of 96.11%.
The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among asian people with a rate of 50.83%.
54.05% of Elgin residents speak only English, while 45.95% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 39.69% of the population.
Overall Poverty Rate
Male Poverty Rate
Female Poverty Rate
The race most likely to be in poverty in Elgin is Black, with 30.74% below the poverty level.
The race least likely to be in poverty in Elgin is Other, with NaN% below the poverty level.
The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 2.54%. Among those working part-time, it was 9.49%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 18.14%.
Number of Veterans
Veteran Poverty Rate
Veteran Disability Rate
Labor Force Participation
Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.
Born in Elgin
74.00% of Elgin residents were born in the United States, with 61.04% having been born in Illinois. 14.91% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.