Elgin, Illinois Population 2020

111,401

Elgin is a city located in Illinois. With a 2020 population of 111,401, it is the 7th largest city in Illinois and the 276th largest city in the United States. Elgin is currently declining at a rate of -0.13% annually but its population has increased by 2.97% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 108,188 in 2010. Elgin reached it's highest population of 112,322 in 2016. Spanning over 38 miles, Elgin has a population density of 2,971 people per square mile.

The average household income in Elgin is $83,912 with a poverty rate of 11.69%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to $1,065 per month, and the median house value is $177,500. The median age in Elgin is 34.6 years, 33.7 years for males, and 35.5 years for females. For every 100 females there are 99.4 males.

Elgin Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Elgin was:

  • White: 62.82%
  • Other race: 20.54%
  • Asian: 6.33%
  • Black or African American: 5.99%
  • Two or more races: 3.33%
  • Native American: 1.00%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.00%
The current population of Elgin, Illinois is 111,401, based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates. The US Census estimates the 2018 population at 111,683.The last official US Census in 2010 recorded the population at 108,188.

Elgin, Illinois Population 2020

Year Total Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
20209,454,580-22,070-0.23%
20199,476,650-22,070-0.23%
20189,498,720-22,060-0.23%
20179,520,780-19,360-0.20%
20169,540,140-17,740-0.19%
20159,557,880-6,730-0.07%
20149,564,61011,3400.12%
20139,553,27023,5000.25%
20129,529,77028,7800.30%
20119,500,99030,1100.32%
20109,470,8800.00%

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage
White70,99962.82%
Some Other Race23,21820.54%
Asian7,1516.33%
Black or African American6,7665.99%
Two or More Races3,7623.33%
American Indian and Alaska Native1,1271.00%

Elgin Population Pyramid 2020

Elgin Median Age

34.6


Total

33.7


Male

35.5


Female

Elgin Adults

There are 83,115 adults, (13,298 of whom are seniors) in Elgin.

Elgin Age Dependency

61.9

Age Dependency Ratio

19

Old Age Dependency Ratio

42.8

Child Dependency Ratio

Elgin Sex Ratio

Female

56,678

50.15%

Male

56,345

49.85%

Elgin Households and Families

Elgin Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

Elgin Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married78.5%21.5%
All68.3%31.7%
Non Family60.1%39.9%
Female51.3%48.7%
Male49.9%50.1%

68.3%

Rate of Home Ownership

Type Count Average Size Owned
All36,6823.0368.3
Married19,7293.6978.5
Non Family10,0301.2360.1
Female4,8103.7151.3
Male2,1133.8949.9

3.6

Average Family Size

3.03

Average Household Size

5.6%

Unmarried (Opposite Sex)

0.2%

Unmarried (Same Sex)

Elgin Education

Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade8,45011.71%
9th to 12th Grade6,8659.52%
High School Graduate17,51424.28%
Some College15,51421.51%
Associates Degree5,7337.95%
Bachelors Degree11,78416.34%
Graduate Degree6,2708.69%

Elgin Educational Attainment by Race

Name Total High School Bachelors
White35,56733,59812,505
Hispanic26,89814,7192,044
Other Race13,0426,277439
Asian4,8124,2692,405
Black4,1723,649963
Multiple Races1,216947161
Native American65026320

The highest rate of high school graduation is among white people with a rate of 94.46%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among asian people with a rate of 49.98%.

Name Average Male Female
Overall$36,922$41,203$31,489
Less Than High School$24,894$27,593$21,388
High School Grad$29,359$32,427$25,643
Some College$39,803$44,918$32,252
Bachelors Degree$56,312$63,263$48,087
Graduate Degree$69,535$83,700$63,862

$36,922

Average Earnings

$41,203

Average Male

$31,489

Average Female

Elgin Language

Elgin Language by Age

Elgin Language

54.69% of Elgin residents speak only English, while 45.31% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 38.27% of the population.

Elgin Poverty

Elgin Poverty by Race

Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
Hispanic50,8277,63815.03%
Other23,0423,40114.76%
White44,9382,6625.92%
Black6,5402,05831.47%
Multiple3,74186123.02%
Asian7,0953655.14%

11.69%

Overall Poverty Rate

10.86%

Male Poverty Rate

12.52%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Elgin

The race most likely to be in poverty in Elgin is Black, with 31.47% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Elgin is Asian, with 5.14% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 2.35%. Among those working part-time, it was 12.65%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 18.47%.

Name Poverty
Less Than High School14.63%
High School11.76%
Some College7.71%
Bachelors or Greater3.18%
Name Poverty
Male Unemployed26.67%
Female Unemployed17.49%
Female Employed6.45%
Male Employed4.56%

Elgin Income

Elgin Income by Household Type

Name Median Mean
Households$67,029$83,912
Families$76,444$93,436
Married Families$87,806$103,384
Non Families$39,164$52,355

Elgin Marital Status

Elgin Marital Status

Marriage Rates

50.4%

Overall Marriage Rate

51.1%

Male Marriage Rate

49.6%

Female Marriage Rate

Elgin Married by Age and Sex

Elgin Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 35-44.

Elgin Marital Status by Race

Elgin Veterans

3,611

Number of Veterans

3,404

Male Veterans

207

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Vietnam1,175
Second Gulf War561
First Gulf War556
Korea415
World War II116
Name Veterans % of Total
White3,1445.75%
Hispanic4411.34%
Black2555.31%
Asian891.59%
Other800.51%
2 or More432.94%

$Elgin Veterans by Education

5.94%

Veteran Poverty Rate

28.78%

Veteran Disability Rate

Elgin Employment Status

68.9%

Labor Force Participation

64.6%

Employment Rate

6.3%

Unemployment Rate

Elgin Place of Birth

Origin of Non-Citizens

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

59.56%

Born in Illinois

73.24%

Native Born

26.76%

Foreign Born

15.56%

Non Citizen

Place of Birth

73.24% of Elgin residents were born in the United States, with 59.56% having been born in Illinois. 15.56% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2020111,401-141-0.13%
2019111,542-141-0.13%
2018111,683-498-0.44%
2017112,181-141-0.13%
2016112,3223040.27%
2015112,0189640.87%
2014111,0549260.84%
2013110,1284630.42%
2012109,6655050.46%
2011109,1608400.78%
2010108,32013,8331.38%
200094,48717,4772.07%
199077,01013,3421.92%
198063,6687,9771.35%
197055,6916,2441.20%
196049,4475,2241.12%
195044,2235,8901.44%
194038,3332,4040.65%
193035,9298,4752.73%
192027,4541,4780.55%
191025,9763,5431.48%
190022,4334,6102.33%
189017,8239,0367.33%
18808,7873,3464.91%
18705,4412,6446.88%
18602,7970.00%